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AP Psychology Project

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Nicole McTernan

on 19 February 2013

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Transcript of AP Psychology Project

Adolescence Heinz Dilemma Psychosocial Development Possible Stage 3 responses to Heinz Dilemma:
Yes, Heinz should steal the drug. He probably will go to jail for a short time for stealing but his in-laws will think he is a good husband.
Brown, the police officer should report that he saw Heinz behaving suspiciously and running away from the laboratory because his boss would be pleased.]
Officer Brown should not report what he saw because Heinz would be pleased.
The judge should not sentence Heinz to jail for stealing the drug because he meant well. Cognitive Development Jailyn Cepeda
Casey Weatherly
Michelle Gray
Nicole McTernan Stage 5: Identity v. Role Confusion Erik Erikson-Psychosocial theory
Teen must chose from values and beliefs
Consistent sense of self must be found
Must successfully resolve conflicts of earlier 4 stages
Ego Identity
Leads to Parent/Teen Conflict
Rebellion and conflict necessary
Conflict over trivial issues
Competence motivates behaviors and actions **Must experience conflict to serve as turning point in development** Three Levels:
Pre-conventional morality-
consequences are what determine morality; behavior that is rewarded is right; behavior that is punished is wrong
(usually young children)
Conventional Morality-
conformity to social norms is right, nonconformity is wrong
(older children, adolescents, and most adults)
Post-conventional Morality-
moral principles determined by the person are used to determine right and wrong and may disagree with societal norms
(about 20% of adult population) Six Stages:
Punishment-Obedience Orientation
Avoid punishment
Personal Award Orientation
Personal needs
Good boy/Nice Girl Orientation
Determined by other’s approval
Law and Order Orientation
Laws are absolute
Social Contract Orientation
Societies have differences in right and wrong
Universal Ethical Principle Orientation
Personal consequence determine and involve abstract thinking Cognitive Development Adolescent Egocentrism:
Personal fable- “You just don’t understand me, I’m different from you” “It can’t happen to me I’m special”
Thoughts become dangerous- feel that they are unique and cant be harmed
Imaginary Audience- extreme self-consciousness in adolescents
Everyone is looking at them and they are always the center of everyone else’s world Physical Development Piaget's Final Stage of Cognitive development (Formal Operational) Possible Stage 4 responses to Heinz Dilemma:
As her husband, Heinz has a duty to save his wife's life so he should steal the drug. But it's wrong to steal, so Heinz should be prepared to accept the penalty for breaking the law.
The judge should sentence Heinz to jail becasue stealing is against the law. He should not make any exceptions even though Heinz' wife is dying. If the judge does not sentence Heinz to jail then others may think it's right to steal and there will be chaos in the society. Possible Stage 1 responses to Heinz Dilemma:
Heinz should not steal the drug because he might be caught and sent to jail.
Heinz should steal the drug because if he doesn't then his wife might die. Possible Stage 2 responses to Heinz Dilemma:
It is right for Heinz to steal the drug because it can cure his wife.
The doctor scientist had spent lots of money and many years of his life to develop the cure so it's not fair to him if Heinz stole the drug. Possible Stage 5 responses to Heinz Dilemma:
Heinz should steal the drug because everyone has the right to life regardless of the law against stealing. Should Heinz be caught and prosecuted for stealing then the law needs to be reinterpreted because a person's life is at stake.
The doctor scientist's decision is despicable but his right to fair compensation must be maintained. Therefore, Heinz should not steal the drug. Possible Stage 6 response to Heinz Dilemma:
Heinz should steal the drug to save his wife because preserving human life is a higher moral obligation than preserving property. Moral Development •The physical changes that occur in the body as sexual development reaches its peak
•Puberty consists of changes in primary sex characteristics and secondary sex characteristics
oPrimary- growth of actual sex organs
oSecondary- changes in the body
•It begins about 2 years after the growth spurt ( around age 10 for girls, 12 for boys)
•Changes of puberty are relatively complete after about 4 years
•With puberty, comes the social/sexual stereotypes as young women worry about weight and thinning down their bodies by dieting, and young men worry about muscle size and strengthening their bodies by lifting weights.
•Self-esteem can plummet when being teased causes a young person to become self-rejecting. Physical Development

• Causes of puberty:

o Complex series of glandular activities, controlled by the pituitary gland when a proper genetically determined age is reached

o Psychosocial and environmental factors have an impact on the timing of puberty

• Role of the glands:

o The thyroid gland increases the rate of growth

o The adrenal and sex glands stimulate the growth of body hair, muscle tissue in males, and menstrual cycle in females

o Endocrine glands produce hormones: androgens-male, estrogen-female. Testosterone is an androgen that plays an important role in male pubertal development. It is linked to sexual desire and activity.

• Female changes:

o Increase in height, Breast tissue enlarges, Hips begin to widen, Uterus grows, Menstrual cycle begins, They can produce eggs, Oily secretions increase, Hair grows on pubic area and under arms, Body odor

• Male changes:

o Increase in height, Penis and testicles increase in size, Muscle definition, Voice begins to deepen, Ejaculation begins and they can produce sperm, Oily secretions increase, Hair grows on pubic area and under arms, Body odor Puberty Physical Development Problems with Puberty
•Now young adults, they are capable of participating in sexual reproduction. This means that parents will need to start educating their son or daughter about socially managing sexual maturity and delaying sexual activity
•This is no time for a young person to be uninformed about what is going on in their bodies because in ignorance they will believe they are unique and wonder what is wrong with them, when nothing is. This is a time for parents to explain the process of puberty that unfolds for everyone and what changes to expect.
•Parents will receive more negative attitude, criticism and complaining, more delay and arguments, and the testing of limits; also they will be emotionally intensified.
•The adolescents will come to a problem on how to manage the physical changes that are happening to their bodies (self-consciousness) Video http://www.listenonrepeat.com/watch?v=zY4etXWYS84
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