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Transcript of FRENCH REVOLUTION
OBJECTIVE: To understand the basic stages in a revolution
To study the causes, events and consequences of the French Revolution
Cultural movement of intellectuals emphasizing in
REVOLUTIONS // THE HUNGER GAMES
FIRST ESTATE SECOND ESTATE THIRD ESTATE
NOBILITY CHURCH PEOPLE
1% 2% 97%
owns 10% land owns 20% land owns 70% land
few taxes no taxes heavy taxes
June 13, 1789 to July 9, 1789 - The National Assembly
—new legislature to make reforms
June 21, 1789 Tennis Court Oath—delegates decide to write new constitution for France
July 14, 1789 - Storming the Bastille
Mob attacks and seizes prision, killing guards and taking weapons
Great Fear—attacks by peasants taking place across France
October 1789, Parisian women revolt over bread. King and queen under house arrest.
September 1792 - Republic proclaimed
January 1793 - King is executed
Fundamental change in power that takes place in a short amount of time
Culture and ideology
STAGES OF A REVOLUTION
Fall of the old order - Rule by Moderates - The terror - Turn from radical rule - Military Rule - Restoration
Panem et Circenses
1. Markets Are More Efficient Than Command Economies
: preserving the status quo by mismanagement of resources
2. Globalism Only Works If You Ditch The Extraction Model:
for globalization to work, prosperity must be shared.
3. Economic Inequality Is Bad For Business:
results slow growth and an unstable political system that’s more prone to collapse
4. War Drains Economic Resources
; while it may lead to technological growth in very narrow sectors (guns, bombs, etc.) it tends to create even more economic inequality and leads to an even more unstable society.
5. Technology Can Be Used For Good Or Evil:
Obviously tech is a double-edged sword. The same tools can be used for good and evil, for freedom or for tyranny.
You are living in France in the late 1700s. Your parents are merchants who earn a
good living. However, after taxes they have hardly any money left. You know that
other people, especially the peasants in the countryside, are even worse off than
you. At the same time, the nobility lives in luxury and pays practically no taxes.
Many people in France are desperate for change. But they are uncertain how
to bring about that change. Some think that representatives of the people should
demand fair taxes and just laws. Others support violent revolution. In Paris, that
revolution seems to have begun. An angry mob has attacked and taken over the
Bastille, a royal prison. You wonder what will happen next.
ANSWER IN YOUR NOTEBOOKS AND DISCUSS
• How would you define an unjust government?
• What, if anything, would lead you to take part
in a violent revolution?
How would you change an unjust government?
MAIN IDEA: Economic and social inequalities in the Old Regime help cause the French Revolution.
The Old Regime (
social and political system in France during the 1770s
COMPLETE PAGES 215- 216 FROM YOUR WORKBOOK
Abolition of the French monarchy
Establishment of a secular and democratic republic that became increasingly authoritarian and militaristic
Radical social change based on liberalism and other Enlightenment principles
Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte
Armed conflicts with other European countries
OUTCOME OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION
REIGN OF TERROR / END OF REVOLUTION 1793 -1799
Main idea: The revolutionary government of France makes reforms but also uses terror and violence to retain power.
Philosophes' ideas are spread through salons in Paris and other cities
High taxes and rising costs damage economy by 1780s
King Louis XVI and his wife Marie Antoinette known for extravagance
Louis doubles nation’s debt; banks refuse to lend more money
Louis’s poor decisions and lack of patience add to France’s problems
He calls Estates-General—meeting of representatives from all three estates
GUILLOTINES ARE FAB!
National Assembly adopts Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
Revolutionary leaders use the slogan, “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity”
Assembly split into Radicals, Moderates, Conservatives
1793 - Reign of Terror—Maximilien Robespierre’s rule
40.000 die during the Terror, including former allies and Marie Antoinette
85 percent of those who die during the Terror are middle or lower class
Terror results in public opinion shifting away from radicals
Moderate leaders write new constitution
1794 - Overthrow and execution of Robbespierre / END OF TERROR
1795 The Directory assumed control of the French state in 1795. Dogged by charges of corruption
1799 - Napoleon Bonaparte established the Consulate and later the First Empire,
Workbook pages 217-218