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The Beginnings of the Gospel Tradition, Take 2
Transcript of The Beginnings of the Gospel Tradition, Take 2
Gospel of Matthew
A "Jewish" gospel? What does this mean?
Jesus the Teacher
A unique take on the "secrecy motif"
Jesus the Teacher
Jesus appears as a teacher in all of the gospels, but in Matthew his teaching becomes a specifically arranged part of his character.
A Unique Take on the Secrecy Motif
Following the very typical parable of the sowers
Secrecy motif appears here, but is
Use of fulfillment citation here which leads Jesus to a remarkable statement: 13:17
Good time to reconsider what gospels
If you were part of the ancient audience of this gospel, how would you feel hearing this?
A "Jewish" Gospel?
Thematically introduced with the genealogy and Mosaic themes in the intital chapters (we'll get to this later)
Kingdom imagery - eg. 4:12-17
"Fulfillment" of the Law - 22:35-40
Jesus' authority realized through what?
Hebrew Bible becomes the basis for the claims made about Jesus - but this also contributes to a debate about what those scriptures were supposed to mean
"Fulfillment Citations" - 13:34-35
5 "Sermons" in Matthew
There are five - resonating with the number of books in the Torah
Signaled by the formulaic ending, “when Jesus had finished saying these things…”
They appear in 5-7; 10; 13; 18; 24-25
The Sermon on the Mount
Strictures of Faithfulness
End of the Antitheses in 5:48
Not regarding life: 6:25-33
7:12 – Golden Rule
7:13-14 – “Two Ways” teaching
A shared feature of Matthew and Luke
Remarkable way of setting up the thematic tone of each gospel
Logic of the genealogy
Appearance of women
"The wife of Uriah"
Joseph is the primary actor
Gospel of Luke
My divergence with Ehrman's dating
A "sophisticated" gospel, with a sequel
Concern for the poor, women, and speaking to Gentiles
Genealogy concludes rather than begins
Lengthy narrative that puts Mary at the forefront
Similar Hebrew Bible borrowing, but different here. Songs/Prophecy not borrowed from the Hebrew Bible, but put into the mouths of Mary, Zechariah, and Simeon
The Dating of Luke, and Why it Matters
Luke (together with Acts) has traditionally been dated near to when Matthew's gospel is supposed to have been written.
I would argue that it is more likely composed between 100-115 CE
Important because it puts this material in a second-stage reformulation of early Christianity, evident elsewhere in the New Testament and Early Christian literature. In short, it makes Luke a "second generation" gospel.
A "Sophisticated" Gospel
Sophisticated in the sense of the word "sophist" - this is a gospel that presents itself as learned and literary
1:1-4 as a Greek rhetorical "period."
Notion of "accuracy" explicitly discussed (shades of Plutarch?)
The Poor, the Downtrodden, and Women
Luke shows a special concern for the issues of poverty and social oppression.
Good Samaritan (15:11-32)
Women followers (8:1-3; 10:38-42)
Luke 12:22-34 - from the same source as Matthew 7, but different emphasis?
Delay/Sublimation of "end times" and apocalyptic thinking - Luke 17:20-21