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Aging and the Elderly

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Savannah Gonzalez

on 4 May 2016

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Transcript of Aging and the Elderly

Challenges Facing the Elderly
Who are the Elderly?
Aging in Society
The Process of Aging
The Process of Aging
Challenges Facing the Elderly
Theoretical Perspectives on Aging
Functionalism
Disengagement Theory
Activity Theory
Continuity Theory

Conflict Perspective
Modernization Theory
Age Stratification Theory
Exchange Theory

Symbolic Interactionism
Subcultural of Aging Theory
Selective Optimization with Compensation Theory
Aging and the Elderly
Team Sun Shells
Newport
Functionalists
Conflict Theory
There are three classic theories of aging within the conflict Perspective.

Modernization Theory
: The primary cause of the elderly losing power and influence in society are the parallel forces of the industrialization and modernization.

Age Stratification Theory
: Society members stratified by age, race, class, and gender.

Exchange Theory
: We experience an increased dependence as we age and must increasingly submit to the will of others.

Why?
Because we have fewer ways of compelling others to submit to us.
Santa Ana
People with better resources who are active in other roles
* Disengagement Theory:
removing yourself from all social activity, is a natural part of growing old.
ex- start to decline mentally and physically as you get closer to death.
when they isolate themselves they become unhappy; women who had focused on family and marriage and men on work try to find ways that are similar to their comfort zone.
* Activity Theory:
levels of activity and social involvement are the key to happiness.
* Continuity Theory:
maintaining consistency within themselves (personality structure,beliefs) and external (relationships)


ex- the more involve the happier they will be.
Santa Ana
Irvine
Poverty
- Debts
- Health Care costs
- Living expenses
Ageism:
discrimination based on age
- Ageism can very in severity
-

Gerontocracy
:
a type of social structure where the power is held by a society’s oldest member
- Industrialization contributed to the diminished social standing of the elderly.
Mistreatment/Abuse
-They are dependent of others because they are so frail
-
Elder

abuse
: describes when a caretaker intentionally deprives an older person of care or harms the
person in their charge
- There are 5 major categories of elder abuse:

physical abuse
,
such as
hitting or shaking,
sexual abuse
including rape and coerced nudity,
psychological or emotional abuse
, such as verbal harassment or humiliation,
neglect or failure to provide adequate care
, and
financial abuse or exploitation
- 1 in 10 elderly people have suffered from at least one type of elderly abuse






emphasis on so called "normal aging, which takes out those with chronic diseases like Alzheimer's.
-were develop to explain how the elderly deal with their life experience
SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONISM
Questions?
Subculture of Aging Theory
Focuses to shared community created by the elderly when they are excluded (due to age) voluntarily or involuntarily they have to get involved in other groups.
Ex
:elders find themselves coming together by social,political interests and even geographic regions. their sense with the community become stronger with their new group.
Selective Optimization with Compensation Theory
Ideas that are successful for the personal development throughout the life course, and just being able to do challenges with everyday life based on the components of selection, optimization, and compensation.
Ex:

our energy diminishes as we age like limiting ourselves from several activities; such as running, driving, playing sports, working, and much more. Not stopping but decreasing how much of it, is possible to do.


Primary

changes:
are molecule and cellular changes. Biological.
Having positive thoughts and feeling good, makes a women feel value than those with a negative perspective of self confidence.
Life course
is the course from birth to death.
Biological
Social
Psychological
Changes in aging
Retirement
- the idea to stop working at a certain age. (current 62-67 US)
Social Security
- is the foundation of economic security for millions of Americans—retirees, disabled persons, and families of retired, disabled or deceased workers. About 158 million Americans pay Social Security taxes and 57 million collect monthly benefits in 2013. About one household in four receives income from Social Security(NASI)
Irvine
Secondary

Changes
: controllable factors due to lack of physical exersises, poor diet.
Irvine
By
Savannah Gonzalez
Sonia Quijano
Brenda Martinez
Emily Munguia
Alan Espinoza
Erick Juavez

A lot of the media portrayals we have today of the elderly reflects cultural attitudes towards aging.
For example, in the U.S our society tends to like youth that associate with beauty and sexuality.


Sexuality
....They still do it
AIDS appears 1 in 5 of adults over 65
most pople began aging at the a of 50.

Characteristics:
The skin become thinner, its dry, less elastic, wrinkles began to form.
sexy gray hair is a plus.




What happens in the minds of the eldely?

Stability in the minds of the elderly can go many different ways.
Suicide
- Oder adults, particularly White men, have the highest rates of suicide in the United States.
Depression
is suicide's foremost risk factor. (APA)
Older adults often have complex, interacting mental and physical health problems that make the recognition and treatment of mental health disorders especially difficult.(APA)
In the other hand, some older folks are able to achieve a strong sense of
integrity
, embracing their new phase in life.
Life expectancy increased, which associated death with old age
Elisabeth Kubler-Ross helped contribute to
Thanatology
Denial
Anger
Bargaining
Depression
Acceptance
Physician-Assisted Suicide
: Highly controversial in U.S.
Hospice care available, to leave with peace.
Gerontology
- is a field of science that seeks to understand the process of aging and the challenges encountered as seniors grow old.
Social

Gerontology
- refers to a specialized field of gerontology that examines the social aspects of aging.

In comedies they often make them grumpy or hostile
One thing that our society need to understand is that people really do not understand the aging process until the start aging themselves.

some people do not like that fact that they are aging so they fight the appearance of aging with cosmetic surgery.

Older adult population is divided into three life stage subgroups
The young old group- about 65-74 years old

The middle old- ages 75-84

The old old -over the age of 85

Who are the Elderly?
Aging in Society
Cohort
- is a group of people that share a statistical or demographic trait.
Dependency
- the number of productive working citizens to a non-productive.

Geriatrics
or
geriatric

medicine
is a specialty that focuses on health care of elderly people.
Dr. Ignatz Nascher, a New York physician from the early 1900's. Nascher believed it was a doctors duty to prolong life.
In 1914 he published his views in his book
Geriatrics: the disease of old age and their treatment.
Full transcript