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Sexual Health

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Josh Springer

on 14 May 2015

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Transcript of Sexual Health

http://behindthewall.msnbc.msn.com/_news/2012/06/14/12222877-gruesome-photos-put-spotlight-on-chinas-one-child-policy?lite
http://www.cnn.com/video/#/video/world/2012/06/14/sidner-india-unwanted-girls.cnn
What is view of girls in India?
Respect the views, opinions and practices of others. Use “I statements” whenever possible.
Use appropriate scientific language which excludes any slang!
Feel free to ask questions in anyway that makes you feel comfortable.
Rules
Introduction 1
Sexual Health
Identify the parts of the male and female reproductive systems.
Sequence the production of sperm.
Sequence the steps of the menstrual cycle.
Anatomy and Physiology Pre-test
Male Reproductive Organs
On a sheet of paper please react to the following statement.
“When Americans talk about sex, we are
simultaneously and covertly talking about all
things going on in our world outside of the
bedroom. Gender, power, conflict,
cooperation, religion, culture, class, the
future, and even the global economy are
there” (Luker, 2006, p. 33).
Closure and Review
Think about a recent competition.
How did you and/or your coach determine if you were ready (optimally prepared)?
Groups of 4 and report back about these specific types of readiness.
Emotional, social, physical, cohesiveness, consequences
Readiness
Web of Influence
Outline the behaviors.
Identify all of the consequences and risks.
Think about the people who could be affected by your actions.
Determine when you might find yourself tempted.
Set a limit (Know your sexual values).
Identify strategies for keeping your limit.
How we can respond to our brain reward system.
Talk to me about your favorite food!
What are some of the negative consequences of over indulging (hint: think beyond obesity and remember everything we talked about this semester)?
If eating your favorite food was easily accessible and you were unaware of the negative consequences, what would you do?
What happens as you first engage in the activity?
Why and how do we stop? In other words, how do we beat our brain reward system?
Focus Step
Creating a Sexual Limit
Sexual Health
In your opinion what is sexual health?
What phrases would you pull from each definition?
Why are there multiple viewpoints and definitions?
Discussion
“Teens who have good sexual health: Abstain from sexual intercourse, avoid other potentially dangerous sexually promiscuous behaviors and find appropriate and safe ways to express love until they are married.”
Definition 3
“Sexual health is a state of physical, emotional, mental and social well-being in relation to sexuality; it is not merely the absence of disease, dysfunction or infirmity. Sexual health requires a positive and respectful approach to sexuality and sexual relationships.”
Definition 2
“Teens who have good sexual health: Appreciate their own bodies, take responsibility for their behaviors, communicate effectively with their families, and communicate with both genders in appropriate and respectful ways and express love and intimacy in a developmentally appropriate manner.”
Definition 1
Student answers
Define Good Sexual Health
Reproductive Anatomy and Physiology Review
Defining good sexual health
Setting sexual limits – Readiness
STD’s
Pregnancy prevention
Date rape
Topics Covered
Introduction 2
Sexual Health
Walls of the uterus builds-up
Egg completes the maturation process
Egg travels down the fallopian tube (Ovulation)
Egg and lining of the uterus disintegrates
Answer
The Answers
Egg travels down the fallopian tube (Ovulation)
Egg and lining of the uterus disintegrates
Walls of uterus builds-up
Egg completes the maturation process
Sequence the Menstrual Cycle
Respect the views, opinions and practices of others. Use “I statements” whenever possible.
Use appropriate scientific language which excludes any slang!
Feel free to ask questions in anyway that makes you feel comfortable.
Rules
Believe it or not, we are still in the process of creating a sexual limit.
To this point, what is one thing we have talked about that you never even considered?
Closure and Review
Give each student two post-it notes and have them write the following on each note.
On one write an action that demonstrates good sexual health.
On the second write an action that demonstrates poor sexual health.
Once you are finished, please place the post-it notes on the board under the appropriate column.
Create and Sort
As uncomfortable as it may seem, it is better to involve your parents in this process on the front end, as opposed to the back.
Communication

The Influence of Others = Formation of Our Values

Our Values = Our Behaviors
Values and Behaviors
Before leaving the room, each student must write the following information on a post-it note to be collected by the teacher.
What is the most important part of your definition of sexual health?
Closure and Review
“When Americans talk about sex, we are
simultaneously and covertly talking about all
things going on in our world outside of the
bedroom. Gender, power, conflict,
cooperation, religion, culture, class, the
future, and even the global economy are
there” (Luker, 2006, p. 33).
Review and Discussion
Respect the views, opinions and practices of others. Use “I statements” whenever possible.
Use appropriate scientific language which excludes any slang!
Feel free to ask questions in anyway that makes you feel comfortable.
Rules Review
On a sheet of paper please react to the following statement.
“When Americans talk about sex, we are
simultaneously and covertly talking about all
things going on in our world outside of the
bedroom. Gender, power, conflict,
cooperation, religion, culture, class, the
future, and even the global economy are
there” (Luker, 2006, p. 33).
Closure and Review
Produced in testicles
Matures in epididymis
Travel through vas deferens
Travel through urethra and mix with seminal fluid
Answers
Vas Deferens
Testicle
Urethra
Epididymis
Sequence The Production of Sperm
The Answers
Identify the parts of the male and female reproductive systems.
Sequence the production of sperm.
Sequence the steps of the menstrual cycle.
Anatomy and Physiology Pre-test
Introduction 1
Sexual Health
How can we beat our brain?
How can we create a sexual limit and why is it important?
What does it mean to be ready?
Guiding Questions
Male Reproductive Organs
Intimate Behaviors
Female Reproductive Organs
Musical contraceptive hot potato
Closure and Review
Identify a possible advantage of each form of contraception
Abstinence =
Helps prevent STIs
Completely prevents unintended pregnancy and any possible mental health issues
Condom –
Helps prevent STIs and is portable
Birth Control –
Simple to use and no interruptions during intercourse
Female Condom –
Can help prevent STIs and can be inserted 8 hours prior to intercourse
Quiz Continued
Identify a side-effect for each form of contraception.
Abstinence =
Does not completely prevent the transmission of STIs
Condom =
some people are allergic to latex, can cause irritation
Does not completely prevent the transmission of STIs


Birth Control Pill =
Nausea, loss of appetite, change in mood, weight gain or loss and does not protect against STIs at all
Female condom =
can cause irritation, easily misused
Does not completely prevent the transmission of STIs
Quiz Continued
What is the rate of effectiveness for each form of contraception.
Abstinence =
100% with perfect use, With typical use ???
What strategies will you employ to ensure perfect use?
Condom =
98% with perfect use, 85% with typical use
Birth Control Pill =
99% with perfect use, 92 with typical use
Female Condom =
95% with perfect use, 79% with typical use
Contraceptive Quiz
Deciding how to warm your hands is a simple decision. Furthermore, it is a subject that you know a lot about. Nonetheless, you took time to carefully analyze the situation before making a decision.
What about choosing a form of contraception?
Conclusion
Where will you be?
What will you be doing?
How cold and how warm?
What are the advantages and disadvantages of each hand warming method?
Possible Questions to Consider
You are going to be in cold weather tomorrow and you need to decide how you will keep your hands warm.
The three choices before you in the store are gloves, mittens and a hand warming pocket that goes around your waist like a belt?
How will you make this decision?
Focus Step
Pregnancy Prevention
Sexual Health
Not many people other than an expert would be able to answer the questions above and thoroughly understand the rate of effectiveness, side-effects, advantages and disadvantages of ALL the forms of contraception.
With this mind in mind, please remember to consult with the appropriate expert if this is the path you choose.
Quiz Wrap-up
Student Answers
What situation will I be in and where?
What are my goals?
How effective is each form of contraception?
What are the possible side-effects?
What are the advantages?
When deciding on a form of contraception what questions might you and an expert ponder?
In class we have discovered that deciding to engage in any form of sexually intimate behavior is not an easy decision and should not be taken lightly.
Likewise, choosing and using contraception is not only a decision that requires a lot of thought, but should also involve consulting an expert (parent, doctor or both).
Deciding on when and which contraceptive method to use
You are going to be in cold weather tomorrow and you need to decide how you will keep your hands warm.
The three choices before you in the store are gloves, mittens and a hand warming pocket that goes around your waist like a belt?
How will you make this decision?
Focus Step
Identify a possible advantage of each form of contraception
Abstinence =
Helps prevent STIs
Completely prevents unintended pregnancy and any possible mental health issues
Condom –
Helps prevent STIs and is portable
Birth Control –
Simple to use and no interruptions during intercourse
Female Condom –
Can help prevent STIs and can be inserted 8 hours prior to intercourse
Quiz Continued
Identify a side-effect for each form of contraception.
Abstinence =
Does not completely prevent the transmission of STIs
Condom =
some people are allergic to latex, can cause irritation
Does not completely prevent the transmission of STIs


Birth Control Pill =
Nausea, loss of appetite, change in mood, weight gain or loss and does not protect against STIs at all
Female condom =
can cause irritation, easily misused
Does not completely prevent the transmission of STIs
Quiz Continued
What is the rate of effectiveness for each form of contraception.
Abstinence =
100% with perfect use, With typical use ???
What strategies will you employ to ensure perfect use?
Condom =
98% with perfect use, 85% with typical use
Birth Control Pill =
99% with perfect use, 92 with typical use
Female Condom =
95% with perfect use, 79% with typical use
Contraceptive Quiz
In class we have discovered that deciding to engage in any form of sexually intimate behavior is not an easy decision and should not be taken lightly.
Likewise, choosing and using contraception is not only a decision that requires a lot of thought, but should also involve consulting an expert (parent, doctor or both).
Deciding on when and which contraceptive method to use
You are going to be in cold weather tomorrow and you need to decide how you will keep your hands warm.
The three choices before you in the store are gloves, mittens and a hand warming pocket that goes around your waist like a belt?
How will you make this decision?
Focus Step
Not many people other than an expert would be able to answer the questions above and thoroughly understand the rate of effectiveness, side-effects, advantages and disadvantages of ALL the forms of contraception.
With this mind in mind, please remember to consult with the appropriate expert if this is the path you choose.
Quiz Wrap-up
Student Answers
What situation will I be in and where?
What are my goals?
How effective is each form of contraception?
What are the possible side-effects?
What are the advantages?
When deciding on a form of contraception what questions might you and an expert ponder?
Deciding how to warm your hands is a simple decision. Furthermore, it is a subject that you know a lot about. Nonetheless, you took time to carefully analyze the situation before making a decision.
What about choosing a form of contraception?
Conclusion
Where will you be?
What will you be doing?
How cold and how warm?
What are the advantages and disadvantages of each hand warming method?
Possible Questions to Consider
9.5 million new cases being reported each year by adolescents between the ages of 19-24
The medical expenses associated with STIs cost the United States roughly $16 billion per year.
More Facts
M & M’s Activity
Brown – Syphilis
Green – HIV/Hepatitis
Blue – Unintended pregnancy
Yellow – Chlamydia and Herpes
Orange– Gonorrhea / Genital Warts
Red –Safe
STIs Focus Step
Avoiding STIs
Sexual Health
Armed with this new knowledge about STIs, what can you do to completely prevent getting infected?

Armed with this new knowledge about STIs, what are some steps you can take to reduce your risk of getting infected?
Create Two Lists
STIs and STDs
STIs are caused by viruses and bacteria that thrive in moist warm environments of the human body.
Pathogens – microorganisms that cause disease
Pathogens are found in blood, semen, vaginal fluids and urine.
Possible entry points are sexual intercourse (anal, vaginal and oral) and needles.
In fact, some are passed through skin to skin genital contact.
Bacterial STIs can be treated and cured.
Viral STIs can be treated, but not cured.
Prevention is the best medicine!!
STIs Facts
110 million people in the US are infected with a STD or STI
320 million Americans
What is the ratio?
1 out of every 4 Americans has a STD
19 million new cases per year
STIs Facts
"Sometimes the terms STI and STD are used interchangeably. This can be confusing and not always accurate, so it helps first to understand the difference between infection and disease. Infection simply means that a germ – virus, bacteria, or parasite – that can cause disease or sickness is present inside a person’s body. An infected person does not necessarily have any symptoms or signs that the virus or bacteria is actually hurting their [sic] body (they do not necessarily feel sick). A disease means that the infection is actually causing the infected person to feel sick, or to notice something is wrong. For this reason, the term STI – which refers to infection with any germ that can cause an STD, even if the infected person has no symptoms – is a much broader term than STD."
STI vs. STD
How do we exercise control when we all have a brain reward system and raging hormones?
Student Answers
Create a well defined and supported sexual limit.
Identify behaviors and strategies that help you stay within your limit.
Surround yourself with supportive people.
Review
By The Numbers...
http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/prevention-wellness/sex-birth-control/birth-control/birth-control-options.html
Sex and Athletics
http://www.cnn.com/video/#/video/us/2012/07/29/rs-deford-kurtz-sexism-in-sports.cnn (S.I Swimsuit models)
http://www.cnn.com/2012/08/08/sport/olympics-village-sex-party-athletes/index.html?iref=allsearch
(Olympic Village)
Are sleepovers a good idea?
http://www.cnn.com/video/#/video/bestoftv/2011/12/26/exp-am-sleepovers-schalet.cnn
http://www.usatoday.com/news/health/story/2012-08-16/cdc-oral-sex/57079768/1?csp=hf
Tubes that carry egg (ovum)from ovary to uterus
Where fertilization occurs
Fallopian Tube
Womb
Where fetus/embryo develops
Embryo –up till 8 weeks
Fetus – 8 weeks till birth
Hollow muscle lined (contractions)
Inner lining is called endometrium
Thickens to have fertilized egg implant on it
Shed during menstruation if egg not fertilized
Uterus
“neck” of the uterus
must dialate to allow baby to pass out into vagina during birth
Cervix
Carries both sperm & urine out through penis
Urethra
Tube that transports sperm to urethra
Cut during a Vasectomy
Vas Deferens
Sperm production
Housed in scrotum
Controls temperature
One lower than other
Testicles
Produced in testicles
Matures in epididymis
Travel through vas deferens
Travel through urethra and mix with seminal fluid
Answer
Egg travels down the fallopian tube (Ovulation)
Egg and lining of the uterus disintegrates
Walls of uterus builds-up
Egg completes the maturation process
Sequence the Menstrual Cycle
Identify the parts of the male and female reproductive systems.
Sequence the production of sperm.
Sequence the steps of the menstrual cycle.
Anatomy and Physiology Pre-test
Respect the views, opinions and practices of others. Use “I statements” whenever possible.
Use appropriate scientific language which excludes any slang!
Feel free to ask questions in anyway that makes you feel comfortable.
Rules
Where eggs are stored
All present at birth
1 (usually) per month matures & is released
Ovulation
Ovum only fertile for about 24 hrs after ovulation
Ovary
Controls if sperm or urine enter urethra
Secretes a neutralizing fluid
Common place for cancer
Prostate Gland
Provide a fluid for motion & nourishment of sperm
Seminal Vesicles
Series of coiled canals where sperm mature
Epididymis
Functions
Reproductive Organs
Walls of the uterus builds-up
Egg completes the maturation process
Egg travels down the fallopian tube (Ovulation)
Egg and lining of the uterus disintegrates
Answer
The Answers
The Answers
Vas Deferens
Testicle
Urethra
Epididymis
Sequence The Production of Sperm
Anatomy & Physiology
Sexual Health
Menstrual Cycle
Canal from uterus to outside environment
Birth Canal
Vagina
Female Reproductive Organs
Male Reproductive Organs
Full transcript