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Transcript of Rebel's Handbook
Then we better get started.... Step 1:
- As a rebel, it is essential to find a great leader. The best leader is someone with lots of charisma. This is very important to get people to pay attention and to make your cause believable.
- Before ANC found Nelson Mandela, they had never made any impact in South Africa. When Nelson Mandela took on a leadership role in the ANC, the group activists started to make progress in trying to change South Africa.
- As a rebel it is obviously crucial to grab the outside world's attention.
- Violence works to grab the attention, but it is not always very effective! Is it worth the headlines, if hundreds of people have been killed? You lose the support of the rest of the world very quickly, if you are only using violence.
- To grab the attention of foreign countries, you should try to organize huge demonstrations and boycotts. Also, you should ask other foreign governments to place sanctions on your country. Economic pressure works much better than violence!
- If the government uses violence, this will turn against them.
- A perfect example is that from Sharpeville. After a peaceful demonstration many people got shot by the police. This drew the attention of newspapers all over the world. Suddenly the South African government lost a lot of support. Step 3:
- You should ask yourself; Is my goal worth dying for? As a rebel, you stand a great chance of being arrested, seriously hurt or even killed.
- Steve Biko is a perfect example of someone who died for his goals. He was leader of an anti-apartheid organisation, but got arrested in 1974. He died that same year in prison, tortured by the police.
- Make sure your cause is worth dying for. Step 4:
- Realize that as a rebel and as an activist, you will have to often put work before family.
- If you are determined to change your country, you will have little to no time with your family.
- Nelson Mandela also put his work before his family to reach his goal in changing the country. Step 5:
- If you want to overthrow the government, it is essential to have a group that supports you and your cause
- Best is to have a group that consists both of respected and educated people, and of people who are willing to fight. You need a large 'force' fighting with you!
- In South Africa the ANC was leading the fight for change. ANC stands for African National Congress. Their goal was to stop apartheid and create a non-racial South Africa. They worked together to plan demonstrations, boycotts, etc. Eventually they had achieved their goal to end apartheid. Step 6:
- If any set backs occur that prevent you from continuing your operations for your cause directly, continue fighting indirectly.
- Make sure you never give in to your personal needs. Stay the course
- When Nelson Mandela was arrested and thrown into jail, he never gave up. He cared less for his personal needs and wants, and kept instead fighting on for the end of apartheid. At one point in time, Botha gave Nelson Mandela the oppurtunity to be a free man again. The only condition was to ask the EU and the USA to remove the sanctions from South Africa. Nelson Mandela refused, even though he really longed to see his family and friends again. He kept on fighting for the real end of the apartheid. That example kept also the ANC fighting. , Step 7:
- Its helpful to have people in your cause that are educated, respected and have power.
-The leaders of the ANC were middle class, well educated blacks .
- Another person who helped tremendously in making people realize the negative effects of apartheid was Bishop Tutu. His high rank in the church, made it easier for him to influence many people. By holding many speeches, he clearly showed his opinions about apartheid and the future of South Africa.
-Putting economic pressure on the government is helpful to your cause. If the government is pressured in their wallet, they start realizing the ramifications. Putting economic pressure also makes a country and its inhabitants more open for change, sometimes even desperate for a way out, if the pressure gets too high. No country (or government) can survive without enough income.
- In South-Africa, during the time of apartheid, the native people started protesting and demonstrating; however, it never really made a real impact on the government. After other countries placed sanctions on South Africa, the government saw the economy being affected, and they got more desperate for change. This forced them to start negotiating with the ANC. Step 13:
- After you have accomplished your goal, make sure that you try to win the support from all sides.
- DO NOT make the same mistake as the previous government, treating the opposition as your enemies, or discriminate against them.
- Use your common sense and see what seems to work the best for your country. Try to create unity in the country.
- A great example was the behaviour of Nelson Mandela, who made sure he worked very closely with both white and black South Africans.
- As a rebel, you should prevent that your actions cause too much violence, because it can cost the life of many people.
- The government will not respond to violence as much as they will to sanctions or other economic pressure.
- In 1974, the violence in South Africa rapidly increased. However the government would not backdown on the apartheid. Prime minister Botha refused to change the apartheid laws, eventhough many people, both black and white, were being killed in the violence.
- It is almost unavoidable that there will be some violence when you want to overthrow a government or change the laws.
- You DO NOT want to turn the native people against each other. This will only lead to more people being killed, and undermines your cause. The whole point of changing your country is about working together, not against each other.
- A great example of people being turned on each other, comes from South-Africa. At one point during the fight against apartheid different tribes were fighting each other. The best example was the fight between Inkatha and the ANC. At another moment in time, the native South Africans were killing each other, because they thought that certain people were helping the Afrikaner government.
- When you are trying to overthrow a government, you need all the good examples, as a motivation for your team.
- It is really helpful to show examples that encourage your fellow rebels. A nice example is if another group of rebels succeeded in a neighbouring country. If they can do it, you can do it!
- When the South African rebels were trying to overthrow their government, they were encouraged by the example of Namibia. There resistance fighters also had stood up to their government and had started fighting back. This was for the native South Africans a sign of hope. Step 12:
- The Enemy of your Enemy can be a very good friend for you in your battle
- Find out with which countries the current government has a bad relationship. They might be interested to help you in overthrowing the government, so that their relationship with your country improves.
- Keep in mind though that many of these countries hope to gain a lot of influence, and would like to use that later on for their own benefit.
- In South Africa the Afrikaner govenment got help from the USA, especially via the CIA. The relationship of the government with the Soviet Union was poor. This fact was a good reason for the Soviet Union to support the native South Africans. They hoped to reduce the American influence, and gain a resourceful ally. If you just think about these basic steps, I am sure you are going to be an amazing rebel!