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Project Management Context
Transcript of Project Management Context
Back to Basics
Project managers need to consider several factors due to the unique context of information technology projects.
Thank you for your attention!!
Organizational Structure (PM Context)
Functional: Functional managers report to the CEO.
Project Life Cycle Models
System Development Life Cycle (SDLC)
A set of shared assumptions, values, and behaviors that characterize the functioning of an organization.
Top Management & Senior Executives Commitment
Matrix: Middle ground between functional and project structures; personnel often report to two or more bosses; structure can be a weak, balanced, or strong matrix.
Project: Program managers report to the CEO.
Organizational Structure Influences on Projects
Predictive Life Cycle
Adaptive Software Development
The scope of the project can be clearly articulated and the schedule and cost can be predicted.
Projects are mission driven and component based, and use time-based cycles to meet target dates.
Rapid App Dev (RAD)
Extreme Programming (XP)
PMBOK - Project Management Body of Knowledge
Project Phases and Deliverables
Project Integration Management
Project Scope Management
Project Time Management
Project Cost Management
Project Quality Management
Project Procurement Management
Project Human Resource Management
Project Communications Management
Project Risk Management
Leads to Specific Objectives
Achieves Specific Objectives
Many experts believe the underlying causes of many companies’ problems are not the structure or staff, but the culture.
Member Identity - Do employees identify with the whole organisation?
Risk Tolerance - Are employees encouraged to use their own initiative?
Open Systems Focus - Is the organisation aware of and responsive to external environments?
Group Emphasis - Are work activities organised around groups or individuals?
Reward Criteria - Are rewards performance based?
People Focus - Do management decisions consider the impact of decisions on employees?
Conflict Tolerance - Is constructive criticism encouraged?
Means-Ends Orientation - Is the end result rather than the process employed all important?
Unit Integration - Is work organised in a coordinated or independent manner?
Control - Are rules and regulations used to manage employee behaviour?
CHARACTERISTICS OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURES
Key Factor for Project Success
Learn how to be better leaders.
Secure adequate resources.
Get approval for unique project needs in a timely manner.
Receive cooperation from people throughout the organization.
Project managers need to take a systems approach when working on projects.
Organizations have four different frames: structural, human resources, political, and symbolic.
The structure and culture of an organization have strong implications for project managers.
Projects should successfully pass through each phase of the project life cycle.
Project Stakeholder Management