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Execution of Criminals in Ancient Rome
Transcript of Execution of Criminals in Ancient Rome
Types of Executions
How an Execution Was..
Execution Laws of The XII Table
XII Table continued..
Used twice in Roman times
Includes hundreds of names compiled by the man in power at the time
If one's name appears on this list it meant he was put to death and his estate was given to those in power at the time.
To be put on the list one must either be involved in criminal activity, treason, or just be on the list creator's bad side.
One of the most famous executions from this list was Cicero.
(To The Beasts)
This execution was saved for lower-class citizens
Forcibly made into gladiators after a criminal conviction
Routinely thrown to the animals in the Coliseum for the viewing of the public
Scourging and Decapitation
Scourging (aka beating to death), and decapitation were two other commonly used execution techniques
One might be tied to a tree during this execution
Scourging was a popular penalty for
(the murder of a parent), but was otherwise saved for the lower class
(Penalty of the Sack)
This involved sewing a criminal into a sack made of leather, along with a dog, a monkey, a snake, and a rooster.
The sack was then hurled into a body of water.
Used on criminals in arson related crimes, and were punished by being burnt alive at the stake.
Used on slaves who conspired against their masters, as well as deserters, and enemies of the state.
One of the most brutal methods of execution
It was considered a privilege to be nailed to the cross, rather then tied, because then death would come sooner.
The legs were typically broken.
This execution is more of a slow torture to death, and that's why it's the worst of them all.
An Execution in Rome...
Executions were public
They were an event for the entertainment value.
A trumpet would sound to alarm the people when a criminal was being decapitated, having a fatal beating, being drowned in a sack, hurl from a cliff, burned alive, or being thrown to wild animals.
These were social events, and deterrents for the citizens.
Anyone above the age of puberty, who secretly during the night, destroys or steals from another's crop, will be sacrificed to Ceres and hung.
Anyone who, knowingly or maliciously, burns property of another's will be placed in chains, scourged and then put to death by fire.
Anyone who publicly abuses another in a loud voice, or writes an insulting poem about him, that renders him infamous, shall be beaten to death with a rod.
Anyone who gives a false testimony shall be hurled from the Tarpeian Rock.
Anyone who bothers another by means of magic incantations of diabolical arts, and renders him inactive, or ill; or who prepares of poisons him, is punished with death. (This also applies to enchanting crops)
Anyone who kills an ascendant, shall have his head wrapped in a cloth, sewed up in a sack, and then thrown into the water.
By Allison Burnett