Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Movement Analysis of a Boxing punch

No description
by

Abbigael Brecht

on 19 April 2016

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Movement Analysis of a Boxing punch

The Cross Punch
The cross punch is a holistic dynamic movement that consists of total body synergies. It is a kinetic wave of energy that begins at your feet travels superiorly through the legs up towards the hip. The wave of energy, while the core is engaged then travels upward towards the chest and then transfers to the shoulder into an explosive movement of the arm.
Phase 1
Because the muscles that are engaged during this phase are mainly isometric, the muscles and joints that are involved during the stance phase consist of the following:
Phases
Phase 1: The Stance Phase
The fighter's arms will be in a flexed position with the right hand covering just mid of the jawbone and the left hand covering to temporal bone of the skull.
Phase 2: The Preparatory Phase
The body of the fighter will maintain a great amount of isometric contraction with some concentric contraction of the posterior leg.
Phase 3: The Movement
Phase
The body transfers the kinetic wave of energy upward toward the shoulder of the body.
Movement Analysis of a
Boxing Punch

Otherwise known as the fighter's stance The most common fighting stance is called an Orthodox position.
Left foot forward, right foot further back, leading with left jabs and right cross punches.
This phase consists of mainly isometric contractions.
The body must maintain stabilization and mobilization of all joints and muscles.
The fighter must keep their feet at a plantar flexed standing position, "staying on their toes".
Anterior portion of the waistline is positioned away from his opponent, thus preventing the opponent to engage an attack on the anterior portion of the body.
The fighter will come into a slight bend at the knee joint that is located toward the posterior portion of the body.
This phase will produce a majority or the kinetic wave energy needed to execute the power behind the punch.
The anterior portion of the leg will produce minimal eccentric contraction.
Precision of the body's ability to produce the dynamic movement is keen. The power behind the cross punch is determined through the variations of which the body transfers the kinetic energy.
This movement begins with the slight bend of the fighters knee located to the most rear. The fighter will then extend the right knee while simultaneously rotating the plantar flexed foot about 45° internally from its original stance.
The femur then rotates medially at the hip meaning internal rotation at the right hip. The fighter will contract their core while transferring the kinetic energy upward toward the shoulder during this portion of movement.
During the foot rotation, the knee will be at its full extension transferring the kinetic energy upwards toward the hip.
While the core is engaged, this phase will end when the fighter rotates the torso while simultaneously anteriorly rotating their right shoulder.
Phase 4: The Follow Through
Phase
From here, the planter-flexed foot rotates laterally, the hip is at a left transverse pelvic rotation, the torso rotated left-laterally, and the fighter's kinetic energy is up towards the shoulder.
At this phase while the kinetic energy is at the upper portion of the body, the fighter then contracts the right latissimus dorsi muscle, the mid and upper trapezius muscles, the pectoralis major muscle and the anterior deltoid muscle while explosively extending the arm, transferring the kinetic energy out of the fist and into the punch.
The fighter's right leg will produce an instep to maintain balance while the explosive movement occurs.
Phase 5: The Recovery Phase
The fighter's arm returns to a flexed position to block the jawbone area thus not allowing his opponent to attack his face.
During this phase the fighter returns to their normal fighting stance (orthodox stance) .
The fighters hip will laterally rotate to the right bringing the waistline to its original position away from the opponent who is face to face.
Upper Body Muscles
Stabilizing Muscles
Lower Body Muscles
Phase 2
During the preparatory phase, the fighter’s agonist muscles are those of which concentrically contract.
Stabilizing Muscles
Trapezius Muscle (Upper/Lower)

Psoas
Iliacus
Tensor Fasciae Latae
Gluteus Medius/Maximus
Serratus Anterior

Phase 3
There is a substantial amount of muscle activity during the movement phase.
In this phase, there will be a concentric muscle action performed.
Stance Phase
Preparatory Phase
Stabilizing Muscles
Trapezius Muscle (Upper/Lower)
Serratus Anterior
Gluteus Medius/Maximus
Tensor Fasciae Latae
Iliacus
Psoas
Movement Phase
Phase 4
Follow Through Phase
Phase 5
Recovery Phase
Upper Body Muscles
Stabilizing Muscles
Lower Body Muscles
Upper Body Muscles
Stabilizing Muscles
Lower Body Muscles
Upper Body Muscles
Lower Body Muscles
Upper Body Muscles
Lower Body Muscles
Hand and Wrist
Distal Radioulnar Joint
Flexor Muscles of the hand: Flexor digitorum superficialis, Flexor digitorum profundus, Flexor pollicis longus
Radial Deviators of the Wrist: Extensor carpiradialis brevis, Extensor carpi radialis longus, Flexor carpi radialis, Flexor pollicis longus, Extensor pollicis longus, Extensor pollicis brevis, Abductor pollicis longus
Elbow
Humeroulnar Joint, Humeroradial Joint, Proximal Radioulnar Joint
Elbow Flexiors: Biceps Brachii, Brachialis, Brachioradialis
Shoulder
Glenohumeral joint, Scapulothoracic Joint, Sternoclavicular Joint, Acromioclavicular Joint
Flexor muscles of the shoulder: Pectoralis Major upper fibers, Anterior Deltoid, Coracobrachialis
Elevators of the Shoulder Girdle (upward rotators): Levator Scapulae, Serratus Anterior, Upper and Middle Trapezius, Rhomboids
Hip
Sacroiliac Joint, Pubis Symphysis, and Acetabular Femoral Joint
Right Hip Extensors: Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus, Biceps Femoris, Gluteus Maximus, Gluteus Medius Posterior Fibers, Adductor Magnus
Right Hip Internal Rotators: Internal Rotation- Gluteus Minimus, Gluteus Medius Anterior Fibers, Tensor Fasciae Latae, Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus, Gracilis
Left Hip Flexors: Iliacus, Iliopsoas, Sarturius, Gracilis, Pectineus, Quadriceps Complex: Rectus Femoris, Vastus Medialis, Vastus Intermedius, Vastus lateralis, Gluteus Minimus, Tensor Fasciae Latae, Adductor Longus
Left Hip External Rotators: Iliacus, Iliopsoas, Sartorius, Pectineus, Biceps Femoris, Gluteus Maximus, Gluteus Medius Posterior Fibers, Piriformis, Gemellus Superior, Gemellus Inferior, Obturator Internus, Obturator Externus, Quadratus Femoris
Trapezius
Serratus Anterior
Tensor Fasciae Latae
Illicus
Psoas
Elbow
Humeroulnar joint, Humeroradial joint, Proximal radioulnar joint
Elbow flexion: Biceps Brachii, Brachialis, Brachioradialis
Knee
Tibiofemoral Joint, Proximal Tibiofibual Joint, and Patellofemoral Joint
Flexor Muscles of the Knee: Sartorius, Adductor Brevis, Gracilis, Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus, Biceps Femoris, Popliteus, Gastrocnemius
Internal rotators of the Right Knee: Sartorius, Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus, Popliteus
Hip
Sacroiliac Joint, Pubis Symphysis, and Acetabular Femoral Joint
Right Hip Internal Rotators: Gluteus Minimus, Gluteus Medius Anterior Fibers, Tensor Fasciae Latae, Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus, Gracilis
Left Hip External Rotators: Iliacus, Iliopsoas, Sartorius, Pectineus, Biceps Femoris, Gluteus Maximus, Gluteus Medius Posterior Fibers, Piriformis, Gemellus Superior, Gemellus Inferior, Obturator Internus, Obturator Externus, Quadratus Femoris
Hip Flexiors: Iliacus, Iliopsoas, Sarturius, Gracilis, Pectineus, Quadriceps Complex: Rectus Femoris, Vastus Medialis, Vastus Intermedius, Vastus lateralis, Gluteus Minimus, Tensor Fasciae Latae, Adductor Longus
Ankle
Distal Tibiofibular Joint and Talocrural Joint
Plantar Flexors: Gastrocnemius, Soleus, Tibialis Posterior, Flexor Digitorum Longus, Flexor Hallucis Longus, Peroneus (Fibularis) Longus, Peroneus (Fibularis) Brevis
Trapezius Muscle (Upper/Lower)
Serratus Anterior
Gluteus Medius/Maximus
Tensor Fasciae Latae
Iliacus
Psoas
Shoulder
Glenohumeral, Scapulothoracic, Sternoclavicular, and Acromioclavicular Joint
Flexor muscles of the shoulder: Pectoralis Major upper fibers, Anterior Deltoid, Coracobrachialis
Elevators of the Shoulder Girdle (upward rotators): Levator Scepulae, Serratus Anterior, Upper and Middle Trapezius, Rhomboids
External Rotatiors of the Right Shoulder: Infraspinatus and Teres Minor
Shoulder Girdle Retractors (adductors): Middle and Lower Trapezius, Rhomboids
Proper vs. Improper
Boxer's Fracture: MOI sustained by placing an axial load usually on 4th and 5th metacarpalphalangeal joints in a closed fist due to improper adduction of glenohumeral joint during the extension of initial punch.
Proper technique: In order to complete an effective cross, energy translation must begin from pivoting the foot, internally rotating the hips, and full extension of the shoulder and elbow with slight shoulder abduction in order to avoid injury
Hand and Wrist
Distal Radioulnar Joint
Flexor Muscles of the hand: Flexor digitorum superficialis, Flexor digitorum profundus, Flexor pollicis longus
Radial Deviators of the Wrist: Extensor carpiradialis brevis, Extensor carpi radialis longus, Flexor carpi radialis, Flexor pollicis longus, Extensor pollicis longus, Extensor pollicis brevis, Abductor pollicis longus
Hand and Wrist
Distal Radioulnar Joint
Flexor Muscles of the hand: Flexor digitorum superficialis, Flexor digitorum profundus, Flexor pollicis longus
Radial Deviators of the Wrist: Extensor carpiradialis brevis, Extensor carpi radialis longus, Flexor carpi radialis, Flexor pollicis longus, Extensor pollicis longus, Extensor pollicis brevis, Abductor pollicis longus
Hand and Wrist
Distal Radioulnar Joint
Flexor Muscles of the hand: Flexor digitorum superficialis, Flexor digitorum profundus, Flexor pollicis longus
Radial Deviators of the Wrist: Extensor carpiradialis brevis, Extensor carpi radialis longus, Flexor carpi radialis, Flexor pollicis longus, Extensor pollicis longus, Extensor pollicis brevis, Abductor pollicis longus
Hand and Wrist
Distal Radioulnar Joint
Flexor Muscles of the hand: Flexor digitorum superficialis, Flexor digitorum profundus, Flexor pollicis longus
Radial Deviators of the Wrist: Extensor carpiradialis brevis, Extensor carpi radialis longus, Flexor carpi radialis, Flexor pollicis longus, Extensor pollicis longus, Extensor pollicis brevis, Abductor pollicis longus
Ineffective energy translation can limit the amount of force on the opponent. By not pivoting the foot and ankle up towards the hips/trunk, the initial energy of the drive is generated purely from the shoulder girdle.
Elbow
Humeroulnar Joint, Humeroradial Joint, Proximal Radioulnar Joint
Elbow Flexors (left arm): Biceps Brachii, Brachialis, Brachioradialis
Elbow
Humeroulnar Joint, Humeroradial Joint, Proximal Radioulnar Joint
Elbow Flexors (left arm): Biceps Brachii, Brachialis, Brachioradialis
Elbow Extensors (right arm): Triceps Brachii, Anconeus
Elbow Pronators (right arm): Pronator Teres, Pronator Quadratus,
Elbow
Humeroulnar Joint, Humeroradial Joint, Proximal Radioulnar Joint
Elbow Flexors : Biceps Brachii, Brachialis, Brachioradialis
Elbow Supinators (right arm): Supinator, Brachioradialis
The Actual Punch
During this phase the body returns to phase II. Some movements consists of hip and knee flexion as well
as flexion of the elbow to propose the blocking maneuver.
Shoulder
Glenohumeral, Scapulothoracic, Sternoclavicular, and Acromioclavicular Joint
Flexor Muscles of the Shoulder:Anterior Deltoid, Upper Pectoralis Major, Coracobrachialis
Elevators of the Shoulder Girdle (upward rotators): Levator Scapulae, Serratus Anterior, Upper and Middle Trapezius, Rhomboids
Shoulder Internal Rotators: Latissimus Dorsi, Teres Major, Pectoralis Major, Subscapularis
Shoulder Girdle Protractors (abductors): Serratus Anterior, Pectoralis Minor
Trapezius Upper/Lower fibers
Serratus Anterior
Gluteus Medius/Maximus
Tensor Fasciae Latae
Iliacus
Psoas
Pathology
Shoulder
Glenohumeral joint, Scapulothoracic Joint, Sternoclavicular Joint, Acromioclavicular Joint
Extensor muscles of the shoulder: Latissimus Dorsi, Teres Major, Lower Pectoralis Major, Posterior Deltoid
Depressors of the Shoulder Girdle (downward rotators): Pectoralis Minor, Trapezius
Shoulder External Rotators: Infraspinatus, Teres Minor
Shoulder Girdle Retractors (adductors): Middle and Lower Trapezius, Rhomboids
Hip
Sacroiliac Joint, Pubis Symphysis, and Acetabular Femoral Joint
Left Hip Internal Rotators: Internal Rotation- Gluteus Minimus, Gluteus Medius Anterior Fibers, Tensor Fasciae Latae, Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus, Gracilis
Right Hip External Rotators: Iliacus, Iliopsoas, Sartorius, Pectineus, Biceps Femoris, Gluteus Maximus, Gluteus Medius Posterior Fibers, Piriformis, Gemellus Superior, Gemellus Inferior, Obturator Internus, Obturator Externus, Quadratus Femoris
Hip Flexors: Iliacus, Iliopsoas, Sarturius, Gracilis, Pectineus, Quadriceps Complex: Rectus Femoris, Vastus Medialis, Vastus Intermedius, Vastus lateralis, Gluteus Minimus, Tensor Fasciae Latae, Adductor Longus
Hip
Sacroiliac Joint, Pubis Symphysis, and Acetabular Femoral Joint
Hip Extensors: Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus, Biceps Femoris, Gluteus Maximus, Gluteus Medius Posterior Fibers, Adductor Magnus
Left Hip Internal Rotators: Internal Rotation- Gluteus Minimus, Gluteus Medius Anterior Fibers, Tensor Fasciae Latae, Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus, Gracilis
Right Hip External Rotators: Iliacus, Iliopsoas, Sartorius, Pectineus, Biceps Femoris, Gluteus Maximus, Gluteus Medius Posterior Fibers, Piriformis, Gemellus Superior, Gemellus Inferior, Obturator Internus, Obturator Externus, Quadratus Femoris
Hip
Sacroiliac Joint, Pubis Symphysis, and Acetabular Femoral Joint
Right Hip Extensors: Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus, Biceps Femoris, Gluteus Maximus, Gluteus Medius Posterior Fibers, Adductor Magnus
Right Hip Internal Rotators: Internal Rotation- Gluteus Minimus, Gluteus Medius Anterior Fibers, Tensor Fasciae Latae, Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus, Gracilis
Left Hip External Rotators: Iliacus, Iliopsoas, Sartorius, Pectineus, Biceps Femoris, Gluteus Maximus, Gluteus Medius Posterior Fibers, Piriformis, Gemellus Superior, Gemellus Inferior, Obturator Internus, Obturator Externus, Quadratus Femoris
Left Hip Flexors: Iliacus, Iliopsoas, Sarturius, Gracilis, Pectineus, Quadriceps Complex: Rectus Femoris, Vastus Medialis, Vastus Intermedius, Vastus lateralis, Gluteus Minimus, Tensor Fasciae Latae, Adductor Longus
Knee
Tibiofemoral Joint, Proximal Tibiofibual Joint, and Patellofemoral Joint
Flexor Muscles of the Knee: Sartorius, Adductor Brevis, Gracilis, Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus, Biceps Femoris, Popliteus, Gastrocnemius
Internal rotators of the Right Knee: Sartorius, Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus, Popliteus
Knee
Tibiofemoral Joint, Proximal Tibiofibual Joint, and Patellofemoral Joint
Flexor Muscles of the Left Knee: Sartorius, Adductor Brevis, Gracilis, Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus, Biceps Femoris, Popliteus, Gastrocnemius
Extensors of the Right Knee: Rectus Femoris, Vastus Intermedius, Vastus Lateralis, Vastus medialis
Internal rotators of the Right Knee: Sartorius, Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus, Popliteus
Knee
Tibiofemoral Joint, Proximal Tibiofibual Joint, and Patellofemoral Joint
Extensor Muscles: Rectus Femoris, Vastus Intermedius, Vastus Lateralis, Vastus Medialis
Internal rotators of the Right Knee: Sartorius, Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus, Popliteus
Knee
Tibiofemoral Joint and Patellofemoral Joint
Flexors of the Knee: Sartorius, Adductor Brevis, Gracilis, Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus, Biceps Femoris, Popliteus, Gastrocnemius
External Rotators: Biceps Femoris
Ankle
Distal Tibiofibular Joint and Talocrural Joint
Plantar Flexors of the Foot: Gastrocnemius, Soleus, Tibialis Posterior, Flexor Digitorum Longus, Flexor Hallucis Longus, Peroneus (Fibularis) Longus, Peroneus (Fibularis) Brevis
Eversion Muscles of the Foot: Peroneus (Fibularis) Longus, Peroneus (Fibularis) Brevis, Peroneus (Fibularis) Tertius, Extensor Digitorum Longus
Ankle
Distal Tibiofibular Joint and Talocrural Joint
Plantarflexors of the Right Ankle: Gastrocnemius, Soleus, Tibialis Posterior, Flexor Digitorum Longus, Flexor Hallucis Longus, Peroneus (Fibularis) Longus, Peroneus (Fibularis) Brevis
Ankle
Distal Tibiofibular Joint and Talocrural Joint
Plantar flexors of the Foot: Gastrocnemius, Soleus, Tibialis Posterior, Flexor Digitorum Longus, Flexor Hallucis Longus, Peroneus (Fibularis) Longus, Peroneus (Fibularis) Brevis
Inversion Muscles of the Right Foot: Tibialis Posterior, Flexor Digitorum Longus Muscle, Flexor Hallucis Longus, Tibialis Anterior, Extensor Hallucis Longus
Ankle
Distal Tibiofibular Joint and Talocrural Joint
Dorsiflexor Muscles of the Left Ankle: Peroneus (Fibularis) Terius Muscle, Extensor Digitorum Longus, Extensor Hallucis Longus, Tibialis Anterior
Plantar Flexors of the Right Ankle: Gastrocnemius, Soleus, Tibialis Posterior, Flexor Digitorum Longus, Flexor Hallucis Longus, Peroneus (Fibularis) Longus, Peroneus (Fibularis) Brevis
Right Foot Inverters: Tibialis Posterior, Flexor Digitorum Longus, Flexor Hallucis Longus, Extensor Hallucis Longus, Tibialis Anterior
This phase begins with the fighters right shoulder rotated anteriorly.
Shoulder
Glenohumeral, Scapulothoracic, Sternoclavicular, and Acromioclavicular Joint
Flexor Muscles of the Shoulder:Anterior Deltoid, Upper Pectoralis Major, Coracobrachialis
Elevators of the Shoulder Girdle (upward rotators): Levator Scapulae, Serratus Anterior, Upper and Middle Trapezius, Rhomboids
Shoulder Internal Rotators: Latissimus Dorsi, Teres Major, Pectoralis Major, Subscapularis
Shoulder Girdle Protractors (abductors): Serratus Anterior, Pectoralis Minor
There are many improper techniques that could be done while performing a power punch but here is a list of some of the most common;
Dorsiflexed standing position (not staying on your toes)
Waistline is positioned toward the opponent allowing an attack on the anterior portion of the body.
Lowering the arms and hands so they aren't covering jawbone and temporal bone.
Not using full range of motion of joints
Not using the maximum potential of the full body and all of the kinetic energy.
An example of poor technique would be only punching from the shoulder, or not getting the maximum potential from the hips. The correct way would be from the toes, up through the hips, into the shoulder and finally into the end of the knuckles.
Improper movement and precision of rotations can diminish power output.
Boxer's Fracture is a physical result and injury of improper technique.
UPPER BODY (STRENGTH)
1. Chest Press
2. Sit-up
3. Pull Up
4. Rotating Crunch
5. Shoulder Shrugs/Press
6. Frontal/Lateral Raises
UPPER BODY (POWER)
1. Plyometric Pushup
2. Mountain Climber
3. Medicine Ball Slams
4. Supine Bicycle
5. Kettlebell Push press
6. Low-weighted Shadow Boxing
LOWER BODY (STRENGTH)
7. Barbell Squats
8. Barbell Hip Thrust
9. Hanging Kettlebell Calf-Lift
10. Kettlebell Step ups
LOWER BODY (POWER)
7. Squat Jumps
8. Supine Bridge
9. Calf Lift
10. Plyometric Lunges
STRETCHING (DYNAMIC)
1. Jumping Jacks
2. Butt Kicks
3. Knee-ups
4. Plyo-Squat
STRETCHING (STATIC)
1. Bent-over Hamstring Stretch
2. Figure-4 Stretch
3. TRX Back Stretch
4. Butterfly Stretch

It's recommend that boxers incorporate a self-myofascial release (SMR) technique into
their workout. This is suggested because a layer of fascia surrounds the muscle fiber. This layer
of fascia could be detrimental towards the boxer’s ability to reach full range of motion, and thus
not allowing the boxer to perform his best when punching; consequently shortening his reach.
The simplest technique to SMR is called foam rolling.
SELF MYOFASCIAL RELEASE
Full transcript