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A Midsummer Night's Dream
Transcript of A Midsummer Night's Dream
Role One:William Shakespeare
Birthday is approximately April 23 1564, baptized on April 26
Role Two: Stage Managers, Set, and Costume Design
Role 3: Main Themes
Plot: Hermia and Lysander are both in love but their relationship is not approved by Hermia's father because he wants her to marry Demetrius who is also in love with Hermia but wanted only by Helena.
Themes: One theme in a Midsummer Nights Dream is love and how difficult it is. As if the love triangle wasn't already complicated enough, when Hermia and Lysander run away through the forest with Demetrius and Helena chasing after them, a fairy named Puck makes it worse. When they were asleep the fairy puts a potion on them making them love the first person they see when they wake up. Lysander and Demetrius both fell in love with Helena, causing even more problems.
Another theme in a Midsummer Nights Dream was the concept of contrast, meaning everything had opposites and doubles in the play. Helena was taller and a blonde, Hermia was short and brunette. There were a contrast between reality and magic and between sanity and love.
Role 4: The Actors and Charachters
Titana - The queen of the fairies.
Oberon - The king of the fairies.
Puck - Oberon's assistant.
Lysander - In love with Hermia.
Demetrius - In love with Helena.
Hermia - In love with Lysander.
Helena - In love with Demetrius.
Nick Bottom - Head is transformed in to that of a donkey.
1576 James Burbage (father of the actor, Richard Burbage) obtains lease and permission to build 'The Theatre in Shoreditch, London. The Lord Chamberlain's Men use it from 1594 to 1596
1595 March 15, First document mentioning Shakespeare connected with the 'Theatre.
1597 Dispute over the lease of 'the Theatre. The Puritan owner, Giles Allen. disapproved of the Theatre and the acting troupe.
1597 Shakespeare's company of actors moved to the Curtain Theatre after failed negotiations for a new lease for the Theatre.
1598 Timber from the 'Theater taken to use for the building of a new venue to be called the Globe Theater.
1599 The Globe Theater is opened on Bankside, Southwark, London
1601 Shakespeare's acting troupe, the Chamberlain's Men, were commissioned to stage Richard II at the Globe Theatre.
1603 May 19, The King's Men acting troupe forms. Shakespeare is mentioned as one of "the mens' players"
1613 June 29, Fire at the Globe Theatre during a performance of Henry VIII
1614 Globe Theatre is rebuilt on its original foundations, this time the roof of the Globe is tiled.
1642 September 2 - Parliament issues an ordinance suppressing all stage plays
1644 The Globe Theatre is demolished by the Puritans. On 15th April - Landowner Sir Matthew Brend demolishes the Globe Theatre and builds tenement houses on the site
1660 The Restoration, and the demise in the power of the Puritans, sees the opening of the theater again. But the Globe Theatre is never re-built - until many hundreds of years later!
Born in Stratford, but left to London to become famous
Married at 18 to Anne Hathaway who was 26
Successes in Romeo and Juliet, Julius Caesar, and Hamlet
Awarded the Coat of Arms for family and I
Became so rich, purchased the second most expensive house in Stratford. 60 pounds!
Facts of the Globe Theater
Built with the materials and timber 'stolen' from the first 'theater' in 1599.
The motto of the Globe Theater was "Toto mundus agit histrionrm" (the whole world is a play house)
Women were not allowed to act, so young men dressed and acted the parts of women.
Different colored flags were used to advertise the themes of plays, a black flag indicated a tragedy, a white flag indicated a comedy, and a red flag indicated a history.
The Elizabethan Era was a period in English history dominated by the Class structure. People who lived in the Elizabethan era were not allowed to wear whatever they pleased. It did not matter how wealthy they were - the fabric, and even the color of their clothes were dictated by their rank, status or position and these strict rules were enforced by English Law, known as Sumptuary Laws.
The laws were designed to limit the expenditure of people on clothes - and to maintain the social structure of the Elizabethan Class system. So it was illegal to wear various items of clothing . The English Sumptuary Laws were strictly obeyed! The penalties for violating Sumptuary Laws could be fines, the loss of property, title and possibly life. Elizabethan men only wore clothes that they were allowed to wear - by Law!
All people of the Elizabethan period understood the meaning of different colored clothing nearly every color of clothing had its own meaning during the Elizabethan era. The audience knew what each color represented, the colors of the costumes conveyed an enormous amount of information as soon as the actor walked on to the stage! The types of materials and fabrics would have had a similar effect. Many of the plays had historical themes featuring the royalty and nobles of the land. As soon as a character walked on the stage the fabric and color of his clothing would indicate the role of the character he was playing - Elizabethan Nobles and Upper classes wore clothing made of velvets, furs, silks, lace, cottons and taffeta
Directions and Props
A Midsummer Night's Dream was a very creative play, they had key props such as the horse head, they followed specific looks, and had lavish outfits. The props were very basic, but today the stage is very elaborate.
Since the theater's motto is "the world is a play house" the actors were directed to feel at ease and fearless on stage.
THE END :)