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Marlene Moran

on 14 May 2013

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Texas, our Texas! Llano Uplift Geography Climate Annual Rainfall: The annual rainfall for the Llano uplift is between 22-30 inches of rainfall Inhabitants By: Karla Hernandez and Marlene Moran Annual wind levels: The annual wind levels for the Llano Uplift is 10-15 mph Typical Land: Soils are predominantly coarse textured sands, produced from weathered granite over thousands of years. Llano Uplift Surface Water:The Llano Uplift people use the James River to irrigate crops which means that the amount of surface water is going to decrease.
Ground Water:The Llano Uplift people have crops so they add fertilizers to their crops which can affect groundwater by allowing materials containing nitrogen to seep through the ground after a leak or spill. Landforms: Llano Uplift has large granites dome such as the Enchanted Rock and the landscape is rolling to hilly. Llano Uplift Watersheds: Annual sunlight levels: 1.5-1.8 quads/100mi Scientific Name: Alcedines Kingfisher Adaptations:The feet of the bird has three rear toes and two front toes which gives them a good grip on the branch as they perch and watch their prey.-They have a large beak to catch animals such as fish in one swoop down. The bigger the beak is, the more chances of catching their the prey. The bright colored feathers don't camouflage them from predators but it does attract mates. White Tailed Deer S.N: Odocoileus virginianus
Adaptation: White-tailed deer have brown and soft fur to keep them warm in the winter time. They also have antlers to help them protect them from other predators.Deer can hear a predator making noise from over 100 yards away. Rio Grande Turkey S.N: Meleagris gallopavo intermedia Sustainability 1)Areas closer to the coastal region have layers of sand that are stabilized by grasses, shrubs, and mesquite trees.

2)The Llano Uplift is home to very diverse wildlife communities, containing at least 407 game and nongame species, including animals like bobcats, rabbits, turtles and migratory songbirds. Catastrophic Events: The year 2008 was one of the worst years for the Llano Uplift, because it was the year when it had the most wild fires. There was a particular wildfire that occurred that was seven miles long. It burned down all of the vegetation that was in its path and took out some animals too. The wild fire left some animals without a home food to eat so they either moved to a different location or died. Relationships among inhabitants Adaptations:Roost in trees at night to escape predators and the rio grande turkey also their legs are a little longer than those of Merriam’s, an adaptation to help them evade coyotes. Goldeen Cheeked Warbler Adaptations:Are adaptive to cedar and juniper trees. There's been a decrease in these types of trees in the past few years. Since the decline of these habitats they have adapted to trees which are not as close to abundant water sources as had been in the past.They also had to adapt to the weather changes that occur during their migratory season. These birds migrate from Mexico to Texas in the early spring months and return to Mexico in mid to late July. S.N:Dendroica chrysoparia Northern Mockingbird Missouri Primrose S.N:Oenothera missouriensi Adaptation:The evening-primrose grows in dry open fields, along roadsides, railroad embankments, waste areas and in open woods Clasping Coneflower Adaptations:It can adapted to many soil types S.N:Rudbeckia amplexicaulis Adaptations:grows on alluvial fans and dry, rocky hillsides, with shallow, alkaline soils. S.N:Mimus polyglottos
Adaptations:Conspicuous "wing-flashing" ostensibly functions to stir up insects and to distract predators,for example snakes. Junipers S.N:Juniperus Plains Coreopsis Adaptations: It can survive with wet or dry soil. S.N:Coreopsis tinctoria Adaptations:Bluebonnets are one of Texas’ toughest wildflower because they can resist droughts and freezes, and because they can grow in any soil type in Texas Bluebonnets S.N:Lupinus texensis Natural Environmental Changes: Weathering-
Chemical Weathering: the round weathering pits where standing water causes chemical weathering to disintegrate the granite.
Mechanical Weathering:The rounded shape of the domes in the Llano Uplift is caused by exfoliation
Erosion:Erosion occur in the Enchanted rock by wind and water.
Deposition:The Hickory Sandstone was deposited on the eroded surface of the Proterozoic rocks (Crotalus) One catastrophic event that can occur by humans is air pollution. When humans drive by, the foul smelling chemicals go into the air polluting it. Too much of the gas can cluster in the sky making it harder to breath for the animals and causing them to die. Since the Llano Uplift is so small this could occur with ease. Wild fires can, like I've mentioned before, catastrophically affect the ecoregion. Whenever there is a lighning storm, the dry grass and trees can catch fire. This happens because the ecoregion itself can be a dry place. Ecological Succession In this ecoregion both primary and secondary succession occur Primary succession- Primary succession occurs when mosses and lichens attach to the rocks of ecoregion and break the rocks apart with their moisture. When the lichens and mosses die, the rock minerals and the dead plants start the soil. Now grasses grow. When they die, the too add to the soil. Now the small trees and plants can grow and the primary succession is through. Secondary Succession- Secondary succession occurs here after a fire. Grasses start to grow in the space. Then it makes room for the shrubs, and then the shrubs make room for the trees such as the Junipers. Bibliography
Geology field. (n.d.). Llano Uplift Mineral-Fossil. Retrieved May 10, 2013, from geology.uprm.edu/Morelock/thcgeol.htm

Natural Center. (n.d.). Sibley Nature Center, Midland, Texas: Photoessay - Wildfire in the Llano Estacado. Sibley Nature Center, Midland, Texas. Retrieved May 10, 2013, from http://www.sibleynaturecenter.org/photoessays/fires/
of Texas. (n.d.). Texas A&M Forest Service - Trees of Texas - Eco-

Regions - Rolling Plains. Texas Forest A&M Service - Trees of Texas. Retrieved May 10, 2013, from http://texastreeid.tamu.edu/content/texasEcoRegions/RollingPlains/ -"highway 965." Texas Master Naturalist Highland Lakes Redirect Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 May 2013. <http://hlmn.281.com/thcgeollogs/965.htm>

-"TPWD Kids: Texas Hill Country." Texas Parks & Wildlife Department. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 May 2013. <http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/kids/about_texas/regions/hill_country/big_kids/>.

-"Native Prairies Association of Texas." Native Prairies Association of Texas. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 May 2013. <http://texasprairie.org/index.php/npat_prairies/region_info/edwards_plateau/>.

-Broad, Tyson . "The Unknown River of Central Texas." environmental defense fund. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 May 2013. <www.texaswatermatters.org/pdfs/james_river_report.pdf>.

-"Llano Uplift Country Seed List." Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 May 2013. <http://www.txdot.gov/inside-txdot/division/maintenance/wildflower-program/llano-uplift.html>.

"Exfoliation - Mechanical or Physical Weathering Gallery." About Geology - The Complete Guide to Geoscience. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 May 2013. <http://geology.about.com/od/geoprocesses/ig/mechweathering/exfoliation.htm>. The End
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