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Law enforcement and Internal Security

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Taylor Paine

on 7 November 2010

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Transcript of Law enforcement and Internal Security

Law Enforcement & Internal Security HISTORY U.S. Marshals Created in Judiciary Act of 1789
Given authority to support the federal courts within their judicial districts and carry out all lawful orders
Congress and the President also have called on the Marshals to carry out unusual or extraordinary missions
Today, the Marshal Service still has responsibility to enforce federal laws and orders issued by the court Secret Service Created 1865 to suppress counterfeit currency
Broadened in 1867 to include "detecting persons perpetrating frauds against the government."
Began informal part-time protection of President Cleveland in 1894
In 1913, Congress authorized permanent protection of the president and the statutory authorization for president-elect protection
In 1965, Congress authorized protection of former presidents and their spouses during their lifetime and minor children until age 16
In 1994, however, Congress passed legislation stating that Presidents elected to office after January 1, 1997, will receive Secret Service protection for 10 years after leaving office
The Patriot Act of 2001 increased the Secret Service's role in investigating fraud and related activity in connections with computers Department of the Interior Created 1849
Had a wide range of responsibilities entrusted to it
Many of the domestic concerns the Department originally dealt with were gradually transferred to other Departments
The Office of Law Enforcement, Security & Emergency Management under the Department of the Interior was created in 2001
Central point of contact for the Department’s law enforcement, intelligence gathering, emergency management, security policy and professional responsibility programs FBI Created 1908
Primarily investigated violations of laws involving national banking, bankruptcy, naturalization, antitrust, peonage, and land fraud
During WWI, subversion, sabotage, and espionage became major concerns
During World War II, the FBI arrested previously identified aliens who threatened national security and turned them over to military or immigration authorities
Role in fighting crime also expanded in the postwar period through its assistance to state and local law enforcement and through increased jurisdictional responsibility
During the 50’s, 60’s and 70’s, the FBI underwent scrutiny by Congress and the media on whether FBI methods of collecting intelligence in domestic security and counterintelligence investigations abridged Constitutional rights
From the 90’s to present, the FBI has streamlined Headquarters operations GEOGRAPHY & LOCATION Police forces started out small to accommodate the small country
City departments grew and state police departments were created to adjust to the rapidly increasing number of people
Other federal departments were created as well, such as the FBI, Secret Service, and Department of Homeland Security CURRENT GOVERNMENT
POLICY The Obama Administration has taken a stance on law enforcement and internal security that supports better protection and better police forces throughout the nation
Obama plans to “make sure these communities-and the people in them-are coordinating effectively and are held accountable at every level.” Obama and Biden would repeal the Tiahrt Amendment: restricts the ability of local law enforcement to access important gun trace information, and give police officers across the nation the tools they need to solve gun crimes and fight the illegal arms trade
Also favor commonsense measures that respect the Second Amendment rights of gun owners, while keeping guns away from children and from criminals
Support innovative local programs, like the CeaseFire program in Chicago, which implement a community-based strategy to prevent youth violence and have been proven effective
Committed to fully funding the COPS program to put 50,000 police officers on the street and help address police brutality and accountability issues in local communities TECHNOLOGY Police cruisers, handguns, bullet-proof vests, tasers, walkie talkies, telephones, surveillance cameras, etc.
One problem that still remains is the speed at which information is passed through walkie talkies eGuardian system for the FBI Enable near real-time sharing and tracking of terror information and suspicious activities with our local, state, tribal, and federal partners
Available through our secure Law Enforcement Online Internet portal to more than 18,000 agencies, which will be able to run searches and input their own reports
add additional capabilities like geo-spatial mapping, live chats, and link analysis ANALYZE POLICY AREA the end. :)
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