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American Industrial Revolution

Chapter 12
by

Geoff Cleveland

on 9 January 2014

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Transcript of American Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution
Child Labor
Mule Spinning Room
Water Frame
New Means of Production
Industrial Revolution: The rapid development of industry in United States in the late 18th and 19th centuries, brought about by the introduction of machinery.
Things were made by hand in shops or at home.

Most people were farmers.
They seldom traveled far from home.
They were poor.
Made what they needed by hand
These new inventions were too large and expensive to be used in cottages
They were placed together, near rivers for water power.
Spinning Jenny: Spun 14 times more thread than a Spinning wheel.
Steam: Steam engines were used in mines, factories, and transportation. Steam and coal powered the early industrial revolution
Poverty
Pollution
Transportation Improved Radically
New Materials Changed Construction
Before the Industrial Revolution?
Impacts
Possible future quiz question: What was the overall effect of the industrial revolution? Cite two things from your readings or notes to support your answer
Change
Factory Production
Working Conditions
Innovation Increased
New Inventions led to Other New Inventions
Cities Grew Larger
Today almost everything is made in factories by machines
Power:
Human
Animal
Wind
Problems
Remember our Roller Skate Activity
Could Produce dozens of cotton thread at the same time
Lowered the cost of cotton cloth and increased the speed of textile production.
Textile Mills
Samuel Slater
Brings textile mills to the United States
In Great Britain there is a high population, thus fewer chances to own land. More people worked in factories thus Great Britain produce more goods for a cheaper price
In the United States, more people have chances to own land so why would they want to work in a factory? Investors have trouble investing in mills because Great Britain offers better prices and better products.
New families were hired into Slater's Mills
Adults earned the same amount in a day as children earned in a week
Provided housing
Workers sometimes are paid with credit to the company store
Lowell Mill Girls: Young, unmarried women are hired to spin thread and weave cloth
Women are paid $2-$5 each week and have to pay $1.25 for room and board
Work 12-14 hours a day
1830: 2,800 miles of track
1860: 30,000 miles of track
Telegraph: Morse Code
Interchangeable parts & Mass Production
Reaper
Howe's Sewing Machine
4 Million immigrant settled in the USA between 1840-1860
Know Nothing Party: Supported measures to make it difficult for foreigners to become citizesn or hold office
Why people came here: Jobs, greater freedom, equality, land
What pushed them away from their own countries: Starvation, poverty, lack of political freedo
m
ASSIGNMENT
DUE: MYSTERY MONDAY
Create a Advertisement!
Chose an invention or job that you want to create an advertisement for
Think about:
Who is your audience
Who will buy this invention or who will work for you?
How will the invention benefit the audience?
What words or phrases will best persuade the audience?
Draw attention to your ad with a illustration, a heading and a few lines of text describing your invention/job and its benefits
Possible Choices
p.385: Water Frame
p. 387: Interchangeable parts/Mass production
p. 390: Jobs for children
p. 392: Lowell Mill Girls
p. 394: Trade Unions
p.396: Steamboat
p.398: Trains
p. 402: Telegraph
p. 404: Reaper
p. 404: Plow
On the back of your ad, please write THREE SENTENCES why your invention or job was important to the industrialization of the North
How it is scored
2 pts for color
1 pt for a catchy heading
2 pts for a drawing
2 points for a description of your invention/job
3 points for your paragraph
Full transcript