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language of tv

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aeyneda jalil

on 11 March 2013

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Transcript of language of tv

Team 0 + - = 9 8 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 c 7) Zoom - this is not a camera movement, but an in-vision change of lens angle of view

commands -
Zoom in means to 'move' in closer to the subject or object
zoom out means to 'move' away from the subject or object the language of television this is what you must know:
the name of each piece of apparatus that is used in television
the name of shots, camera movements, lighting and sound ingredients, scenic and graphic ingredients
the words of command used to direct your program The language of Television The language of shots
The language of television The way to write it all down, in abbreviated form, on a television script.

There are 3 types of languages:
the language of shots
the language of camera moves
the language of directing We can also ask a camera to 'FOCUS' or 'DEFOCUS'
When we say 'ONE - STEADY UP' it means finish lining up that shot as quickly as you can, please camera one, because we are ready to cut to you here in the gallery
Note that to stop a moving camera or a zooming in camera, you can use any acceptable word like 'STOP' or 'STEADY' but never 'HOLD IT'
'HOLD IT' is a specific command to the floor manager which means stop everything on the studio floor! The Language of Television Language of Directing The language of Television The Language of Television There are 5 basic shots most commonly used in television. they are:
Close-up (CU)
Medium close-up (MCU)
Medium shot/ Mid-shot (MS)
Medium long shot (MLS)
Long shot (LS) The Language of Camera Moves 1) Track - moving the camera directly towards the subjector backward away from it

commands -
Track in means go forward
Track out means go backwards

2) Crab - the camera moves sideways to the right or left

commands -
Crab left means move the camera to the left
Crab right means move the camera to the right

3) Pan - the action of pointing the camera to the left or right

commands -
Pan left means pointing the camera to the left
Pan right means pointing the camera to the right continue...

5) Tilt - pivoting movement where the camera is made to point upwards or downwards

commands -
Tilt up means to point upwards
Tilt down means to point downwards
(be careful when tilting up, make sure that you do not shoot off the top of the set) 6) Elevate & Depress - this is simply the raising and lowering of the camera

commands -
Elevate means go up, i.e., physically raising the camera up
Depress means go down i.e., physically lowering or pushong down the camera RULE A:
Always say from WHOM and WHAT should happen before you say WHEN it should happen

RULE B:
Establish a basic pattern of commands at the beginning of rehearsal and stick to it throgh to the end of the program

some of the accepted terms and commands used by directors

TO CAMERAS
We have already seen the basic camera moves and their command. Remember RULE A -
'THREE CLOSE-UP OF JOHN' not 'CLOSE-UP OF JOHN THREE' or
'THREE ZOOM IN' not 'ZOOM IN THREE'

TO VISION MIXERS
This is probably the most difficult set of commands about which to be specific. so often a successful director/vision mixer team relies on a rapport between the two.

Some of the words you may need to use:
CUT , MIX . WIPE , OVERLAY
SUPER (superimpose)
INSERT (for captions)
FADE UP , FADE OUT
TAKE OUT, LOSE (the super)
COMING TO ... NEXT
FADE SOUND AND VISION (fade to black)
TO SOUND
Again a cautionary word is useful e.g. 'STANDBY GRAMS... AND ...GO GRAMS' (OR TAPE)
Incidentally, the standby is normally given by the producer's assistant about thirty seconds before the sound is required TO LIGHTING
No special words of command for lighting, probably because lighting changes are normally agreed at rehearsal
If necessary, use some word like 'LIGHT" but make sure that the floor manager and sound supervisor know what are you planning to do as well TO T/K and VTR
Always give a 'STANDBY' to T/K or VTR because they usually in other part of the building surrounded by noisy machinery, and are relying only on talk-back to hear your commands
Producer's assistant (SA) usually gives this standby TO FLOOR MANAGER
'CUE' for an artist of for action to start
'HOLD IT' to freeze the action on the floor during camera rehearsal
if yo stop rehearsal - it is a help if you first state the SHOT NUMBER, PAGE NUMBER, etc. you are referring to so that all concerned know what the problem is (RULE A: WHO and WHAT before WHEN other commands to the floor manager are usually about the timing of the program like 'ONE MINUTE TO END OF INTERVIEW', 'GIVE HIM THE WIND-UP' and so on
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