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Abbie Vaxmonsky

on 30 May 2013

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Rainforest Biome Rainforest Biome Map Rainforests now cover less than 6% of Earth's land surface. Scientists estimate that more than half of all the world's plant and animal species live in tropical rain forests. Tropical rainforests produce 40% of Earth's oxygen. Rainfall is often more than 100 inches a year.
There is usually a brief season of less rain. In monsoonal areas, there is a real dry season. Rainforests have more annual rainfall than any other biome The temperature in a rain forest rarely gets higher than 93 °F (34 °C) or drops below 68 °F (20 °C) Average humidity is between 77 and 88%. Unique Characteristics The location of the tropical rainforest is around the equator. Rainforest can be found in many different types of terrain. This includes mountains, plains, and river valleys. The climate in the rainforest biome is perfect for
millions of types of animals and plants to live there.
At least 15 million different ones have been identified successfully. There are thousands of types of flowering plants found in the rainforest biome. Scientists have provided us with information that the
destruction of these biomes can increase the temperature of Earth. Plant Adaptions 1. Bark
In drier, temperate deciduous forests a thick bark helps to limit moisture evaporation from the tree's trunk. Since this is not a concern in the high humidity of tropical rainforests, most trees have a thin, smooth bark. The smoothness of the bark may also make it difficult for other plants to grow on their surface. 6. Epiphytes
Epiphytes are plants that live on the surface of other plants,
especially the trunk and branches. They grow on trees to
take advantage of the sunlight in the canopy. Most
are orchids, bromeliads, ferns, and Philodendron
relatives. Tiny plants called epiphylls, mostly mosses,
liverworts and lichens, live on the surface of leaves. Animal Adaptations Toucan Adaptations: Toucans live in the rainforests of Eastern South America. They are known for big bills. They eat fruits and sleep in the holes in the trees. To fit into a comparatively smaller hole, they turn themselves into a feathery ball and make their body smaller. Rainforest biome adaptations such as big bills to eat, perfect claws to stand on the trees (two claws in the front and two in the back), correct color to blend into the surroundings have helped them survive. Spider Monkey Adaptations: Spider monkeys live in the upper canopy layers of rainforests, preferring undisturbed habitat, almost never coming to the ground. Their long limbs, their strong tail are good examples of rainforest biome adaptations. They swing through the rainforest canopy and hang suspended by their tails. The powerful tail works as an extra limb. The prehensile tail plays the role of fifth arm and is often used for balance or just hang out. Spider monkeys use their long limbs to pick their favorite food, fruits. They also enjoy eating young leaves, flowers, barks and honey. Food Web Food Chain Leaves Leaf-Cutter ant Poison Dart Frog Toucan Ocelot !THE END! Green is where the rainforests are located
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