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Turks in Germany
Transcript of Turks in Germany
young Turks increase 42% 1990 Amendment to apply
Permanent Residency (PR) permit Evolving generation of Turks in Germany 1st generation 2nd generation & 3rd generation Migrant cultures defined as backward, static and incapable of dynamic transformation Majority appear to have developed emotional & cultural ties to the country of origin & country they lived in (Turks-German) Turkish women in Germany In Turkey (before coming to Germany):
Cultural and religious traditions place women as second class citizens (male orientated values) Transformation in thinking before coming to Germany and after living in Germany Turkish women in Germany now:
Considered relatively emancipated with ability to earn and easy going lifestyle Aysel Ozakin “Die Preisvergabe” Artistic Expression of Turks in Germany Kool Savas Berlin based rapper with Turkish descent Artistic expression contd. Zafer Senocak Nezaket Ekici ~ 3.5 Million LARGEST minority in Germany Almost the size of MELBOURNE Turkish Identity German Identity David Role of Governments Migration & Integration Policy "This multicultural approach has failed, utterly failed" Recep Tayyip Erdogan “You must integrate, but I am against assimilation ...” Thilo Sarrazin “Germany Is Doing Away With Itself” Chito Religion Majority of the Turks have Muslim background Policy Reflection Post 9/11 attack Citizenship Justin Education, Employment and Life of Turks “An Educational Catastrophe” The uncertain educational future The depressing employment situation An Insightful observation of Turks Living Situation Religion and its impact
on integration Why religion? Important factor in shaping human behavior, values and personality - 600,000 Alevis
- 600,000 Kurds
- the rest DITIB
Most of the Turkish organizations are religious connected e.g. Milli Gorus, DITIB Turkish-Islamic Union for Religious Affairs Constitute two-third of the total Muslim population in Germany "France - most assimilationist
Germany _ partial exclusionist
Netherlands multiculturalist." Ahmet Yukleyen Book: Localizing islam in Europe: Turkish Islamic communities in Germany and the Netherlands Germany has ‘a legal framework that recognizes religious-group rights but lacks political will to support its implementation’. Duisburg, Frankfurt counter-terrorism policies in Europe Turks
Muslims in the eyes of many Germans
threat to peace
Milli Gorus topped the list of threats
perceived as more violent than others Jus Sanguinis or Jus Soli? One-third have gained Germany citizenship Two-third still hold Turkish citizenship A shift from jus sanguinis to jus soli, however, social discrimination is still a challenge to many Aylin Selcuk Mesut zil The lack of integrationist measures was coupled for many years with reluctance by Germany to impose a basic set of values on foreigners out of fear that it might invoke memories of Nazi Germany and a strong German national identity. European public attitude for Turkey becoming EU member The new Immigration Act, introduced on 1 January 2005 There is a STRONG focus on improving the German language of children at schools through special lessons for whom it is not their first language. The Jewish Persecution -1974 45% of Turks in Germany have no educational qualification of any kind.
85% of Turkish origin have no prospects of getting into universities.
A high dropout rates in young Turks rates.
About 1/3 of Turkish students leave school without getting their diplomas.
Adversarial policies is against learning the Turkish mother tongue.
---- “Berlin-based institute for Population and development” The Turkish enrolled in Germany universities
2007/2008 27,000 Discrimination still exist. 9.1% of Turks graduates are unemployed, comparing to only 2.1% of German origin.
Limited job opportunities have been offered.
In 2010, there were 70,000 highly skilled German-educated Turkish graduates exodus
However, by 2015, Germany face a great shortage of 3 million workers. 2012 Turks in Germany Official Survey Education: the key for Turks in Germany To share the resources more reasonably, thus, to minimize the frictions.
To solve out the labor shortage problem Germany is facing in next decade.
To remain a stable society.
To make a successful social cohesion and integration of the whole society. Cecilie Cultural conflicts! Sociological Issues vs.
Tradition vs. Modern western
Rising numbers in self-employment
Parents want their children to help with unskilled-work
"The German way" of family planning. Identity Issues Turkish vs German language Accents in both
Melting pot vs Salad bowl
The 2nd Generation Turks are seeking a sense of belonging
Unawareness of “The Other” worsens the differences vicious circle ~Integration Negatives Positives Discrimination Fear of the other – Religion clash Biggest and the most inclusive of all the minorities German Turks participate politically and in the entertainment sector The Turkish Food is an integrated part of German food culture Wins awards on behalf of Germany and both support the Germany in the Football World Cup and the Olympics Findings and conclusions Tanzania 1989 Fall of The Berlin wall
&The end of cold war The 2nd and 3rd generation Turkish women are integrating successfully compared to the 1st generation
The integration of Turks in Germany represent the whole discussion of Turkey becoming a part of the EU
German Islamic conference to mediate between the groups
Media is politically used to deepen the gap rather than build bridges
Misunderstanding about wanting to integrate vs. being understood
Education and employment are currently unfair, however education is the key to the solution to the conflicts
Is dual Citizenship the solution?
Assimilation vs. multiculturalism conflicting. Turkey Germany Turkey ~1.1.million (32%) 600,000 (17%) or Bavaria
450,000 (11%) Oppose Angela Merkel 1993/1994 0.514286%
2007/2008 0.771429% Thanks