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Time, Space and the Internet

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Elaine Tay

on 19 October 2016

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Transcript of Time, Space and the Internet

Time and Space
and the Internet


Drs Elaine Tay and Matthew Allen
Summary
Time and space are not absolutes, they are
socially-derived

Everyday life includes
multiple social fields

Multiple times, multiple spaces
expressing different political and economic values - Internet very much so

Our
experience
of time and space have been
reshaped

Means of
control, regulation
, promoting
consumerism
and
economic
needs (time is money etc)
Means of
resistance
: alternative times and spaces, appropriation and dropping out

Task-based time (and space)
Time and space as absolutes - Enlightenment
Time and space are relative (Einstein)
The Internet is infused with multiple times and spaces...

corresponding to official and unofficial social fields
Internet - one's experience of time and space depends on one's
positioning
in the
network
...

This is not new in itself...
Official social fields:
specific times and spaces
express and establish power
establishes differences
normalises

Unofficial everyday tend to be more fluid
Communication technologies have always done things to time and space
social networks spanning great distances and time (cars, telephones, air travel in the 1950s)
national/regional newspapers - national or regional belonging
telegraph - far off events that would have taken months communicated within a day or two
The Internet as a communications technology...
is a packet-switched network utilising sophisticated information processing and storage devices; meaning....
messages can be
sent instantly
, but then '
wait
' until they are read
communications go through many places because each is broken down into
packets
Not just about sending and receiving information -
interactive
because actions can be done at a distance
Let's dispense with some common assumptions about Internet time and space
Compression
of time and space
Globalisation
Global village
metaphor
Network Society and Flows rather than Places
Previous to technologies of communication -
space of place
Network societies allow time-sharing across places -
space of flows
Place ceases to matter as much - it is
how one is placed in time
that is important
e.g. the battle over whether and how to have an Australian National Broadband Network is about speeding up Australia, creating a temporal advantage that overcomes tyranny of distance
Looking into the multiple times and spaces issue...
Time is money
Clock time
and industrialisation
Emphasis on
speed
(compression of time and space)
Timeless time
- time chopped up out of sequence
Space
corporatized/regulated
Place is
hierarchized
by time
Flexible labour
: coping with multiple times and spaces
Attention
economy
Contestations in Time and Space
Burkitt points out how
contemporary movements
are often
battles over time and space
, along with different perspectives
space
: ‘reclaim the streets,’ appropriation of private corporation sites.
Time
: trade unions, religious groups (dropping out of work time)
Internet:
Anonymous
hackers attack
speed and spaces
of their targets. More conventional activists try to attract attention away from the spaces of their opponents.
'The Internet as a virtual space that is freed from the constraints of physical space' (e.g. Barlow)
Travel metaphors
sprung from the gaps in perception (e.g. phone calls)
The
offline/online distinction
is enabling but problematic
Getting 'into' cyberspace (Internet access) as a solution to
digital exclusion
- but is this the only thing that needs to be done?
Ignores the intricate
embedding of online into everyday life
Influential ideas describing the net
Bibliography

Adam, Barbara.
Time and Social Theory
. Cambridge: Polity, 1994.

Anderson, Benedict.
Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism
. Verso, 2006.

Burkitt, Ian. “The Time and Space of Everyday Life.”
Cultural Studies
18, no. 2 (2004): 211. doi:10.1080/0950238042000201491.

Castells, Manuel.
The Rise of the Network Society: The Information Age: Economy, Society, and Culture
. John Wiley & Sons, 2011.

Graham, Mark. “Geography/internet: Ethereal Alternate Dimensions of Cyberspace or Grounded Augmented Realities?”
The Geographical Journal
179, no. 2 (2013): 177–
182. doi:10.1111/geoj.12009.

Green, Nicola. “On the Move: Technology, Mobility, and the Mediation of Social Time and Space.”
The Information Society
18, no. 4 (2002): 281–292. doi:10.1080/01972240290075129.

Harvey, D. (2009).
Cosmopolitanism and the Geographies of Freedom
. Columbia University Press.

Hassan, Robert. “Network Time and the New Knowledge Epoch.”
Time & Society
12, no. 2– 3 (September 1, 2003): 225–241. doi:10.1177/0961463X030122004.

Hongladarom, Soraj. “The Web of Time and the Dilemma of Globalization.”
The Information Society
18, no. 4 (2002): 241 – 249.

Leong, Susan, Teodor Mitew, Marta Celletti, and Erika Pearson. “The Question Concerning (internet) Time.”
New Media & Society
11, no. 8 (December 1, 2009): 1267–1285. doi:10.1177/1461444809349159.

McLuhan, M. (1962).
The Gutenberg galaxy : the making of typographic man
. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Thompson, E. P. “Time, Work-Discipline, and Industrial Capitalism.”
Past & Present
no. 38 (December 1, 1967): 56–97.



Media
Australian Travel and Tourism Network, 2016. Australian Roads and Highways. Available: http://www.atn.com.au/maps/australian-road-maps.html

Bodine, Larry, 2012. Time for Work Clock. Available: http://blogs.lawyers.com/2012/02/employees- sue-plant-for-gang-time-pay/time-for-work-clock/

Dali, Salvador, 1931. The Persistence of Memory (oil on canvas). Digital version: http://arthistory.about.com/od/from_exhibitions/ig/dali_painting_and_film/dali_moma_0708_11.h tm

Dali, Salvador, 1954. The Disintegration of the Persistence of Memory (oil on canvas). Digital version: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Disintegration_of_the_Persistence_of_Memory

ViralPortal. 2016. Countries with the Best Internet Connections. Available: http://viralportal.net/countries-with-the-best-internet-connections-worldwide/
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