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Time, Space and the Internet
Transcript of Time, Space and the Internet
and the Internet
Drs Elaine Tay and Matthew Allen
Time and space are not absolutes, they are
Everyday life includes
multiple social fields
Multiple times, multiple spaces
expressing different political and economic values - Internet very much so
of time and space have been
needs (time is money etc)
: alternative times and spaces, appropriation and dropping out
Task-based time (and space)
Time and space as absolutes - Enlightenment
Time and space are relative (Einstein)
The Internet is infused with multiple times and spaces...
corresponding to official and unofficial social fields
Internet - one's experience of time and space depends on one's
This is not new in itself...
Official social fields:
specific times and spaces
express and establish power
Unofficial everyday tend to be more fluid
Communication technologies have always done things to time and space
social networks spanning great distances and time (cars, telephones, air travel in the 1950s)
national/regional newspapers - national or regional belonging
telegraph - far off events that would have taken months communicated within a day or two
The Internet as a communications technology...
is a packet-switched network utilising sophisticated information processing and storage devices; meaning....
messages can be
, but then '
' until they are read
communications go through many places because each is broken down into
Not just about sending and receiving information -
because actions can be done at a distance
Let's dispense with some common assumptions about Internet time and space
of time and space
Network Society and Flows rather than Places
Previous to technologies of communication -
space of place
Network societies allow time-sharing across places -
space of flows
Place ceases to matter as much - it is
how one is placed in time
that is important
e.g. the battle over whether and how to have an Australian National Broadband Network is about speeding up Australia, creating a temporal advantage that overcomes tyranny of distance
Looking into the multiple times and spaces issue...
Time is money
(compression of time and space)
- time chopped up out of sequence
: coping with multiple times and spaces
Contestations in Time and Space
Burkitt points out how
battles over time and space
, along with different perspectives
: ‘reclaim the streets,’ appropriation of private corporation sites.
: trade unions, religious groups (dropping out of work time)
speed and spaces
of their targets. More conventional activists try to attract attention away from the spaces of their opponents.
'The Internet as a virtual space that is freed from the constraints of physical space' (e.g. Barlow)
sprung from the gaps in perception (e.g. phone calls)
is enabling but problematic
Getting 'into' cyberspace (Internet access) as a solution to
- but is this the only thing that needs to be done?
Ignores the intricate
embedding of online into everyday life
Influential ideas describing the net
Time and Social Theory
. Cambridge: Polity, 1994.
Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism
. Verso, 2006.
Burkitt, Ian. “The Time and Space of Everyday Life.”
18, no. 2 (2004): 211. doi:10.1080/0950238042000201491.
The Rise of the Network Society: The Information Age: Economy, Society, and Culture
. John Wiley & Sons, 2011.
Graham, Mark. “Geography/internet: Ethereal Alternate Dimensions of Cyberspace or Grounded Augmented Realities?”
The Geographical Journal
179, no. 2 (2013): 177–
Green, Nicola. “On the Move: Technology, Mobility, and the Mediation of Social Time and Space.”
The Information Society
18, no. 4 (2002): 281–292. doi:10.1080/01972240290075129.
Harvey, D. (2009).
Cosmopolitanism and the Geographies of Freedom
. Columbia University Press.
Hassan, Robert. “Network Time and the New Knowledge Epoch.”
Time & Society
12, no. 2– 3 (September 1, 2003): 225–241. doi:10.1177/0961463X030122004.
Hongladarom, Soraj. “The Web of Time and the Dilemma of Globalization.”
The Information Society
18, no. 4 (2002): 241 – 249.
Leong, Susan, Teodor Mitew, Marta Celletti, and Erika Pearson. “The Question Concerning (internet) Time.”
New Media & Society
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McLuhan, M. (1962).
The Gutenberg galaxy : the making of typographic man
. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Thompson, E. P. “Time, Work-Discipline, and Industrial Capitalism.”
Past & Present
no. 38 (December 1, 1967): 56–97.
Australian Travel and Tourism Network, 2016. Australian Roads and Highways. Available: http://www.atn.com.au/maps/australian-road-maps.html
Bodine, Larry, 2012. Time for Work Clock. Available: http://blogs.lawyers.com/2012/02/employees- sue-plant-for-gang-time-pay/time-for-work-clock/
Dali, Salvador, 1931. The Persistence of Memory (oil on canvas). Digital version: http://arthistory.about.com/od/from_exhibitions/ig/dali_painting_and_film/dali_moma_0708_11.h tm
Dali, Salvador, 1954. The Disintegration of the Persistence of Memory (oil on canvas). Digital version: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Disintegration_of_the_Persistence_of_Memory
ViralPortal. 2016. Countries with the Best Internet Connections. Available: http://viralportal.net/countries-with-the-best-internet-connections-worldwide/