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Highlights in the History of Computers

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Adelle Pacificar

on 16 June 2014

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Transcript of Highlights in the History of Computers

Note:
What do we hope to learn?
* To identify
people
,
dates
,
and
gadgets/devices

that shaped today's computers.
Highlights in the History of Computers 1
INHS-SOF / TLE 7
An incomplete handout will be given.

You will be responsible for copying other information.

There might be a short quiz after.
A
computer
is a device, usually
electronic, that processes data
according to a set of instructions.
But did you know...
* first use of the word “computer” was
recorded
in
1613
in a
book
called
“The yong mans gleanings”
by
English writer Richard Braithwait

*it referred to
a person who did
calculations or computations


*the word continued with the same
meaning until the middle of the
20th century.

*from the end of the
19th century
, the
word began to carry a familiar
meaning:
"a machine that carries out
computations"
2000–2300 BC
The
abacus
had been used by the Sumerians.

Also, others used this device:
Egyptians, Persians, Greeks, Romans, and Chinese



1650 AD

Pascaline
First
mechanical adding device
by Blaise Pascal,
a French mathematician

*BC means "Before Christ"
*AD means "Anno Domini" or in the year of the Lord
*"father of computer"

*he is credited for
inventing the first
mechanical computer
1837
Charles Babbage
A mechanical computer is built from mechanical components such as levers and gears, rather than electronic components
*also called "a-machine" or automatic machine *turing machines help computer scientists understand the limits of mechanical computation
1937
Turing Machine
*the first electronic general-purpose computer
*called as "Giant Brain"
*designed to calculate artillery firing tables for
US Army during World War II

1946
ENIAC
(Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer)
1951
Ferranti Mark 1
the world's first commercially available
general-purpose electronic computer
To be continued...
Homework:
Research on: *personal computer
*laptop

Highlights in the History of Computers Part 2
1951
UNIVAC 1
(Universal Automatic Computer 1)
The UNIVAC I
was the second
commercial
computer
produced in
the US.
1958
Integrated
Chip
*also known
as "The Chip"
*created by
Jack Kilby & Robert Noyce
* a small piece of semiconductor material carrying many integrated circuits
1962
Spacewar
*created by
Steve Russell

*first popular
computer game

* a two-player game
involving warring
spaceships firing photon torpedoes. Each player could maneuver a spaceship and score by firing missiles at his opponent while avoiding the gravitational pull of the sun
1964
Computer
Mouse
*nicknamed as the "mouse" because the tail came out of its end
*created by
Douglas
Engelbart
1975
IBM 5100
Portable Computers
1976
Apple 1
1977
Apple II
1977
Commodore Pet
Portable Computers
Portable Computers
1978-1979
Wordstar
*said to be the first word processor
*created by Seymour Rubenstein
To be continued...
1979
VisiCalc Spreadsheet Software
*Visible Calculator
* a spreadsheet
*more than 100,000 copies sold in one year
*created by Daniel Bricklin and Robert Frankston
1981
IBM PC - Home Computer
*also called “Acorn”
*used MS-DOS (Microsoft Disk Operating System), an operating system used on personal computers
*has an Intel chip,
two floppy disks, and
an optional colored
monitor
*popularizes
the term "PC", or
personal computer


Note:
Microsoft - created by
Bill Gates in 1975
1981
Osborne I
* the first commercially successful portable microcomputer
* developed by Adam Osborne
* the machine featured a 5-inch display, 64 kilobytes of memory, and two 5 1/4-inch floppy disk drives
1983
Word
*announced by Microsoft
*originally called Multi-Tool Wor
*The latter doesn´t ship until 1985
*As a marketing strategy, Microsoft distributed
450,000 disks demonstrating its Word program

1983
Gavilan SC
*the first portable computer
with the familiar flip form
*the first model to be marketed as a “laptop”
1984
Macintosh
*Apple Computer launched the Macintosh, the first successful mouse-driven computer
*Aldus Corp. announced its PageMaker program for use
on Macintosh computers
1985
Aldus Pagemaker
*Developed by Paul Brainerd,
who founded Aldus Corp.
* Aldus PageMaker allowed users
to combine graphics and text easily
to make desktop publishing practical
To be continued...

Next topics:
Storage
Internet
Full transcript