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The Dust Bowl

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by

Josie Wickerham

on 8 December 2014

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Transcript of The Dust Bowl

WHAT CAUSED THE DUST BOWL?
Congress passed the Homestead Act in 1862 convincing thousands of people to move to the Great Plains
The majority either grazed cattle or farmed on the land
WWI begins increasing grain prices and many trade cattle for growing wheat (
Library of Congress, Date unknown
)
Millions of acres of prairie grasses are destroyed over the years which lead to mass erosion (
Library of Congress
)
1930 an almost decade long drought begins
Tons of exposed topsoil combined with the high prairie winds would create the Dust Bowl
BLACK SUNDAY
April 14, 1935
Worst day of storms in the entire Dust Bowl
1930s
Marginal cropland
Severe wind erosion
Severest wind erosion
States losing population
WHERE DID IT HAPPEN?
ON THE MOVE...
The drought and dust storms mostly affected the central part of the country

Sometimes even Canada or Mexico

The southern Plains (mainly Oklahoma and Texas panhandles) were impacted the most
1931-
The drought begins, the crops die, and the dust starts to blow (
Cary Nelson, 2014
)
1932
- Fourteen dust storms are reported (
Cary Nelson
)
1933-
The number of dust storms reported more than doubles with 38 (
Cary Nelson
)
1934-
The drought has become the worst in American history, affecting 27 states (
Cary Nelson
)
People began to migrate west, mostly to California

Some abandoned their land; others had no choice when the bank foreclosed
A "black blizzard" hits Dodge City, Kansas making the afternoon look like midnight.
Children had to wear dust masks to and from school.
The rains come in the fall of 1939 ending the "Dirty Thirties". With the start of WWII the Great Depression also ends and the Great Plains begin to grow wheat again.
Library of Congress.(Date unknown). Dust Bowl During the Great
Depression.
Retrieved:
November 25,2014,
from:
http:/
www.loc.govteachersclassroommaterialspresentationsand
activitiespresentations/timeline/depwwii/dustbowl/

PBS. (Date unknown). Surviving the Dust Bowl.
Retrieved:
November 25, 2014),
from:
http:// www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/general-article/dustbowl-mass-exodus-plains/

Cary Nelson. (2014). About the Dust Bowl.
Retrieved:
November
25,2014,
from:
http://www.english.illinois.edu/maps/depression/
dustbowl.htm
Sean Potter. (March-April, 2011). Retrospect: April 14, 1935: Black
Sunday.
Retrieved:
November 25,2014,
from:
http://
www.weatherwise.org/Archives/Back%20Issues/2011/March-April
%202011/retrospect-full.html
Caused complete darkness in the middle of the afternoon
Over 20 different storms were recorded (
Sean Potter, 2011
)
Migrant farmers would often work on large corporate-owned farms when they arrived. (
PBS, Date unknown
)
The Dust Bowl
Full transcript