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The Dust Bowl
Transcript of The Dust Bowl
Congress passed the Homestead Act in 1862 convincing thousands of people to move to the Great Plains
The majority either grazed cattle or farmed on the land
WWI begins increasing grain prices and many trade cattle for growing wheat (
Library of Congress, Date unknown
Millions of acres of prairie grasses are destroyed over the years which lead to mass erosion (
Library of Congress
1930 an almost decade long drought begins
Tons of exposed topsoil combined with the high prairie winds would create the Dust Bowl
April 14, 1935
Worst day of storms in the entire Dust Bowl
Severe wind erosion
Severest wind erosion
States losing population
WHERE DID IT HAPPEN?
ON THE MOVE...
The drought and dust storms mostly affected the central part of the country
Sometimes even Canada or Mexico
The southern Plains (mainly Oklahoma and Texas panhandles) were impacted the most
The drought begins, the crops die, and the dust starts to blow (
Cary Nelson, 2014
- Fourteen dust storms are reported (
The number of dust storms reported more than doubles with 38 (
The drought has become the worst in American history, affecting 27 states (
People began to migrate west, mostly to California
Some abandoned their land; others had no choice when the bank foreclosed
A "black blizzard" hits Dodge City, Kansas making the afternoon look like midnight.
Children had to wear dust masks to and from school.
The rains come in the fall of 1939 ending the "Dirty Thirties". With the start of WWII the Great Depression also ends and the Great Plains begin to grow wheat again.
Library of Congress.(Date unknown). Dust Bowl During the Great
PBS. (Date unknown). Surviving the Dust Bowl.
November 25, 2014),
Cary Nelson. (2014). About the Dust Bowl.
Sean Potter. (March-April, 2011). Retrospect: April 14, 1935: Black
Caused complete darkness in the middle of the afternoon
Over 20 different storms were recorded (
Sean Potter, 2011
Migrant farmers would often work on large corporate-owned farms when they arrived. (
PBS, Date unknown
The Dust Bowl