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LIU Post Writing Center/ Nikki Cosentinoon 8 April 2013
Transcript of Navigating Language
Tense, and Sentence Fragments Subject-Verb Agreement Sentence Fragments How to Correct a Sentence Fragment What are Sentence Fragments? Sentence Fragments and Rhetorical Use How do Subjects and Verbs "Agree"? Examples of Subject-Verb
Agreement Here are some INCORRECT examples: What is a Subject? Tense Agreement Tense Consistency for Academic Purposes For Example Tense Agreement Tenses "agree" when they are the same: past, present, or future.
Because verb tenses tell the reader when the action is taking place, it is important to be accurate and consistent with tense. As a rule of thumb, it is best to keep an event, or group of events, in the same tense. For academic purposes, it is best to keep language in the present tense. By maintaining the present tense, writers bring a heightened level of relevancy to their subject matter. The subject is the actor in the sentence. Patty and George plays with the dog. Subjects and Verbs must always agree in number. Fragments often leave the reader with a question about the focus of the sentence. Leanne runs three miles everyday. Puppies enjoy chew toys. When the subject of a sentence is singular, the verb is singular. When the subject of a sentence is plural, the verb is plural. She walk alone. Because the subject (she) is singular, the verb must be singular. The correct form of this sentence reads: "She walks alone." Because the subject (Patty and George) is plural, the verb must be plural. The correct form of this sentence reads: "Patty and George play with the dog." Angelina needed milk, so she went to
the store Angelina needs milk, so she went to the store. Because the highlighted verbs are in the same
tense (past), the sentence is correct. Because the highlighted verbs are in different tenses (past and present), the sentence is incorrect. What is a Verb? The verb is the action in the sentence. "Leanne" is a singular subject; "runs" is a singular verb. "Puppies" is a plural subject; "enjoy" is a plural verb. Sentence Fragments lack either a subject or a verb. Since it's Sunday. Since it's Sunday... what? The reader will not know what the significance of this statement is without an explanation. A complete sentence would read: Since it's Sunday, we should do our homework. The reader now knows the importance of mentioning the fact that it is Sunday. Why is Sunday important? It is the day before school. What needs to be done before school on Monday? Homework. **Sentence Fragments are not always incorrect. When sentence fragments do appear in writing, they should be included on purpose and for rhetorical effect. She is cautious not to speak too quickly. Always cautious. She first wants to make sure that she has a base knowledge of the subject being discussed. Above, the sentence fragment "Always cautious" is used correctly because it adds to the rhetorical effect of the writing. By the writer repeating the fact that the subject is always cautious, the reader understands the importance of the subject's desire to think before she speaks.