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Moral Life in Christ Chapter Fourteen

The Fifth Commandment

J.W. Lane

on 18 March 2013

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Transcript of Moral Life in Christ Chapter Fourteen

Chapter Fourteen conservation life is sacred pro-choice & capital dominion Since God is the Giver of life, He is the only One Who has absolute dominion over it. We don't have total control over our lives! the fifth This dominion over life finds expression in the fifth commandment: keep in mind . . . Human life gets its sacredness and inviolability from God. Without God, it follows that life would its sacredness and ultimate purpose. So, we should expect that some people who reject God's existence will also reject some of the Church's moral teachings on human life. human life Killing an innocent person is contrary to the natural law, the dignity of the person, and the holiness of God. It's always a grave sin. Jesus' teaching the Fifth Commandment Defending Life On the negative side, the fifth commandment tells us not to take innocent life. On the positive side, it is telling us to defend innocent life. Sins against Induced Abortion There are three types of induced abortion, and all are gravely sinful. They include:
1. Eugenic: They are done because of some
malformation in the fetus.
2. Therapeutic: They are done in cases of
3. Psychological: They are done for a
psychological, social, or economic reason. the rights Abortion causes the death of an unborn human person. There are two types of abortion:
1. Spontaneous: This is a naturally occurring
abortion: i.e., miscarriage.
2. Induced: This is an abortion brought about
through human intervention. We'll look at this more in-depth next chapter, but for now, simply note that rights are bestowed on the basis of what something actually is. A woman has a right to an abortion only if the developing child is not a human person. If it is a person, then it must be defended regardless of what individual conscience might think. the problem Sometimes, people reject God because they can't find a satisfactory answer to this question. However, Christ shows us that suffering can be redemptive. Although euthanasia is sinful, we do not have an obligation to subject ourselves to extraordinary medical treatments in order to stay alive. the meaning of death God makes human beings in His image, and then calls them to share in His life forever. This means human life is sacred, both in its origin and in its destiny. There are several ways to violate the fifth commandment:
1. Murder: taking an innocent life.
2. Suicide: taking one's own life.
3. Self-mutilation: modifying one's body in a
radical way.
4. Substance Abuse: abusing alcohol or drugs. do we have the right? everybody hurts extraordinary Euthanasia includes the intentional causing of death in order to end suffering, whether through direct action or through the omission of action. euthanasia a few principles When it comes to death, we can formulate the following principles:
1. Directly causing a sick person's death is murder.
2. Allowing death is permitted, and extraordinary means
to preserve life are not required.
3. Ordinary means of preserving life are required: food,
water, care of the body, etc. Throughout history, philosophers and theologians have tried to understand why there is pain and suffering. respect for the new of the unborn self defense From its earliest days until the present, the Catholic Church has consistently condemned abortion. There are two lines of thought. They include:
1. Changing abortion from a life-death issue to a rights-
choice issue. This renders abortion purely a matter of
individual, personal rights.
Catholics for Choice prefers this approach. On their website, they claim: Catholic continued . . . punishment The Church opposes capital punishment in almost all cases. Only in cases of "absolute necessity" where human life cannot be protected from the offender unless he or she is executed is capital punishment allowable. commandment The fifth commandment permits us to legitimately defend ourselves from injury or harm, even if, as an unintended consequence, we kill our attacker. pro-choice & Catholic?! pain & suffering Conscience always has to be grounded in the truth. If it's true that a developing child is a human person, then we can't intentionally destroy it. remember: commandment Abortion in Church History People who believe abortion should remain legal are called "pro-choice." Some people think they can be pro-choice and Catholic
at the same time. How do
they arrive at that conclusion? pro-choice & Catholic again A second line of thought states that you can personally oppose abortion, but that you cannot impose your religious convictions on others. purely an article Again, we'll soon see why the Church opposes abortion, and it isn't simply because God says so. But even if it were, the idea that a person can and should compartmentalize his or her religious convictions is debatable. why? Because abortion is inextricably linked to justice, and the question of what constitutes justice can't be answered by politics alone. It must be approached from several disciplines: religion, philosophy, psychology, anthropology, biology etc. For Christians, death is not the end of existence. A part of you, your soul, continues to exist after you die. You then await a future resurrection of your body. avoiding scandal We have to make sure that we're leading lives that are good examples to others. Jesus warned us about offending others with our immoral conduct. scandal continued Scandal is any attitude or behavior that leads another person to do evil. The gravity of scandal is determined by the gravity of the sin that it leads others to commit. Examples of Scandal Scandal can include all of the following: Just War War is never desirable, but it is sometimes necessary. Think of it as self-defense, albeit on a national scale. The Church has laid down certain criteria for determining when war is justified. Just War Continued There are four criteria for just war. They include:
1. The harm inflicted must be lasting, grave, and certain.
2. All other means of avoiding war must have been
shown to be ineffective.
3. There must be a serious prospect of success.
4. The use of arms must not produce evils greater
than the evil to be eliminated. "You shall not kill."
Exodus 20:13 The fifth commandment thus safeguards the sacredness and inviolability of human life. Jesus completes and perfects the Old Testament prohibition against killing. He teaches that (1) any offense against human dignity is wrong, and (2) we cannot have a relationship with God when we have unresolved conflict with others. Thus, the minimum requirement of "don't kill," is fulfilled in the new commandment to love: "This is my commandment, that you love one another as I have loved you."
John 15:12 of life Naturally-speaking, life is your greatest personal possession. Without life, you can't enjoy any other blessings. the principle of
double effect
in action! the fifth commandment CFC works to change the conversation regarding sexual and reproductive rights to one where the individual conscience of each person is recognized as the keystone of moral decision making. "I am a Catholic . . . I can't legislate or transfer to another American citizen my article of faith. What is an article of faith for me is not something that I can legislate on somebody who doesn't share that article of faith." Former Democratic Presidential Candidate John Kerry made this claim: of faith? (aka the death penalty) continued Euthanasia is essentially no different from murder. The Church condemns it. means unjust laws (like abortion) institutions (like slavery) fashion trends (immodest clothes) opinions (like racism) entertainment (movies, tv, & music) "Every act of war directed to the indiscriminate destruction of whole cities or vast areas with their inhabitants is a crime against God and man, which merits firm and unequivocal condemnation." A danger of modern warfare is that it provides the opportunity to those who possess modern scientific weapons especially atomic, biological, or chemical weapons - to commit such crimes."
CCC paragraph 2314 Addendum from the Catechism The Catechism follows up its just war doctrine with the following addendum: Conclusion Human beings are made in God's image, and He has established requirements for how they are to be treated. These rules are found in the fifth commandment and accompanying teachings of the Church. Assignment Do the supplementary reading on p 250 and answer the questions on the handout I provide you with. "Thou shalt do no murder; thou shalt not commit adultery"; . . . thou shalt not procure abortion, nor commit infanticide; "thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's goods";
- The Didache (50-120 A.D.) Dr. Charles Rice We're going to look at an excerpt from celebrated law professor Dr. Rice's book 50 Questions on the the Natural Law. 1998 CDC Findings Suffering is something everyone has to face. Perhaps the most distressing fact is the seemingly meaningless suffering that so many innocent people experience. redemptive suffering By choosing to suffer for our sins, Jesus radically transformed suffering into something redemptive: i.e., restorative. United to Him through the Church, we can choose to "offer" our sufferings to the Father; thus making them redemptive as well.
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