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Attachment Theory and Bullying Behavior in School Age Children

Presentation by Tracey Amaya, Ambika Chandramohan, Stephanie Giron, and Emily Morris

Mika Chandramohan

on 6 December 2014

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Transcript of Attachment Theory and Bullying Behavior in School Age Children

loving parental support system
close group of school friends
takes on defender role against bully

What is the Issue?
Research Question

Children with insecure attachments to a primary caregiver may exhibit bullying or victimization.

Children with secure attachments do not exhibit either type of behavior.
Literature Review
Secure attachment
Children are more likely to act as defenders against bullying
Children will expect social relations to be positive, whereas children with insecure attachments may believe interactions are negative and unrewarding.
Children are less like to become bullies and/or victims of bullying

Attachment Theory
Attachment formed between an infant and the primary caregiver is essential for both survival and forming a foundation for future relationships with others
Attachment Theory and Bullying Behavior in School Age Children
Case Vignette #1: Jimmy
Case Vignette #2: Jane
Tracey Amaya, Ambika Chandramohan, Stephanie Giron, and Emily Morris
Video Presentation by
Through the Social Work Lens
Secure attachment
-Infant activates attachment behavioral system with signs of distress when separated from caregiver and terminates it when reunited.
-Infants with a secure attachment might have experienced consistent responses and attentiveness to their needs by their mother and were comforted and explorative when she was present

Insecure attachment
Infant shows no signs of distress when separated and reunited with the caregiver.
-Infants with an avoidant insecure attachment might have previously experienced rejection of their needs from their mother, thus reducing their attachment behavior to avoid the pain of further rejection

New concept of "family" in today's society
Child's potential for resiliency
Ecological perspective as an explanation for bullying behavior

Infant shows signs of distress when separated AND reunited.
-Infants with an ambivalent insecure attachment might have experienced inconsistent responsiveness and attentiveness to their needs by their mother, leading them to be angry, resistant, and clingy when separated and reunited
Insecure attachment
Children between the ages of 4 and 5 are more likely to be victims of bullying or bullies themselves
Children may develop a predisposition to bullying as a result of a learned behavior from their experiences with their caregiver
· An adolescent’s internal working model dictates the type of interactions between an adolescent and his or her peers
lack of consistent primary caregiver
not many friends
acts out against quiet student in school
role of the bully

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How do levels of parental attachment influence the act of bullying and the susceptibility of victimization?
Thanks for watching!
Full transcript