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Turkey

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Katleen Bellony

on 29 October 2012

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Transcript of Turkey

Welcome to Turkey This presentation is a mock tour guide through Turkey. It describes everything from the language to the famous placrs to visit and just about everything in between. So sit back, click, and tadını çıkarmak! (That means enjoy in Turkish :) BY: Katleen Bellony, Danyka Labady & Alejandra Quintinilla This presentation will be on Turkey's Food Culture History Sites to See Geography/ Climate Geography/ Climate Turkey is at the northeast end of the Mediterranean Sea in southeast Europe and southwest Asia. To the north is the Black Sea and to the west is the Aegean Sea. Its neighbors are Greece and Bulgaria to the west, Russia, Ukraine, and Romania to the north and northwest (through the Black Sea), Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran to the east, and Syria and Iraq to the south. The Dardanelles, the Sea of Marmara, and the Bosporus divide the country. Turkey in Europe compared to the United States is about equal to the state of Massachusetts. Turkey in Asia is about the size of Texas. Its center is a treeless plateau rimmed by mountains. Turkey has a temperate climate with hot dry summers and mild wet winters. Turkey has a high central plateau terrain with a narrow coastal plain and several mountain ranges some which are sacred. For many the most symbolic aspect of the mountain is the peak because it is closest to the heavens and other celestial bodies. History Turkey known as Antolia in Asia was occupied in about 1900 B.C. by the Indo-European and after their empire collapsed in1200 B.C. by the Phrygians and the Lydians. From then Turkey has been ruled by many empires from the Romans to the Byzantine. Over time however the Ottoman Turks began to gradually overtake the land streching from the Persian Gulf to Algeria. The Ottoman empire was one of the most powerful empires in the mediterranean generating a lot of islamic art, agriculture and literatire. After the reign of Sultan Süleyman I the Magnificent (1494–1566), the Ottoman Empire began to decline politically, administratively, and economically. Russia wanted to advance into Turkey's territory but was heeded by Britain and France in the Crimean war. In the Russo-Turkish war some territories became virtually independent and as a result Turkish's weakness stimulated a large revolt of young liberals known as the Young Turks. Turkey's current boundaries were drawn in 1923 at the Conference of Lausanne, and Turkey became a republic with Kemal Atatürk as the first president. The Ottoman sultanate and caliphate were abolished, and modernization, reform, and industrialization began under Atatürk's direction. He secularized Turkish society, reducing Islam's dominant role and replacing Arabic with the Latin alphabet for writing the Turkish language. After Atatürk's death in 1938, parliamentary government and a multiparty system gradually took root in Turkey, despite periods of instability and brief intervals of military rule. Since then Turkey has been gradually growing stronger and when the establisment of a military government happened in September of 1980 there has been improvement in he economy. A new constituition has been drafted with an overwhelming approval rate. The military still effectively controls the government today. Food As we all know food is the best thing about traveling abroad. Turkeys food is no exception. Turkey's cuisine is not only delicious but healthy-concious as well. Some common ingredients in Turkey dishes are:
1. Garlic
2. Lamb, beef, chicken
3.Onions
4.Nuts
5. Bulgur (wheat) Common Dishes
1.Mezes
2. Kofte
3. Lahmacun
4. Dolma
5. Baklava Meze
Meze is often served at the beginning of large scale meals and includes
Similar to an appetizer
. White cheese
. Hot pepper paste with walnuts
. Thick strained yogurt
. Cold cucumber and garlic
. Rice stuffed vine leaves or other vegetables Kofta
Balls of minced or ground meat
. Turkish koftas are mainly made of lamb or beef Turkish Koftas* Lahmacun
.Round, thin peice of dough topped with minced or grounf beef or lamb
Includes
. Onions, tomatoes, parsely, pickles, peppers, lettuce,and lemon juice Dolma and Sarma
Dolma Means stuffed thing
Contains some meat served hot with yogurt and spices such as oregano and red pepper
Sarma means wrapping
.Does not contain meat, includesvines leaves stuffed with rice and spices, olive oil and sometimes fruits Sarma* Dolma* Baklava or Baklawa

A rich sweet pastry made of chopped nuts and sweetened with syrup or honey Sites to See Cappadocia
These are volcanic rock formations from people carved into them 4,000 years ago. It has 11 floors and has a depth of 85 meters. Tourists can come for free and even ride in hot air balloons to observe the carvings from diferent angles. Hieropolis & Pamukkale This ancient city's name translates into "Sacred City". The scenery can be described as beautiful and unreal. Its hot springs also attracts tourists to the area. Admission can cost up to 12 U.S. dollars. Instanbul
It's the largest country in Turkey and is the only city that sits on two continents, Asia and Europe. Simply put Instanbul is an attraction all in itself. From Blue Musque to the Tokaki Palace, you must try everywhere to fully enjoy the majesty that is Istanbul. Ephesus
Holds the largest set of Roman ruins in the region. It was once the resting place of the Temple of Artemis. Many of the ruins are still in good condition and tourists can see them for about 13 U.S. dollars. It takes about 1 day to see the whole site so pack a good lunch and bring an abundance of water. Sumela Monastery
It is built in the most impressive, impossible, and inaccessible locaion, in a hollow cliff face 1000 feet above some valley floor. To reach it, tourists must take a 50 minute hike through thick woodland and pay a fee of about 5 U.S. dollars. When they get there they will see relics left behind in the ancient times. Culture There are so many thing we could say about Turkish culture that we're gonna cut it short soo not as to overwhelm you. ;) But we'll just tell you some basics. Language
If you're ging go to Turkey, you might want to learn a little Turkish. Just some basic and common phrases like "Hi" or "Wheres the bathroom?" Here some thing you need to know about the Turkish language.
1. Vowel harmony, a feature of all Ural-Altaic tongues.
2. The absence of gender.
3. Agglutination.
4. Adjectives precede nouns.
5. Verbs come at the end of the sentence. Music
Turkish music comes in many forms. there is classical, religious, folk, pop even. there is also children songs and western music. the turkey national anthem is called İstiklâl Marşı. the musical inruments used arestringed, wind and percussion instruments. Fun Facts! Its time. You knew this was coming. Yup, get ready for.. The CIA classifies Turkey as
a developed country. The most popular sport in Turkey is soccer (football). The Turkish Football team came third in the 2002 FIFA World Cup. Basketball and volleyball are also popular sports. Noah's Ark landed on Mount Ararat, which is located in Eastern Turkey Istanbul, the largest city in Turkey by population, is the only city in the world which is built on two continents (Asia and Europe). Every fit Turkish male is required to serve in the military for some time. This can range from 3 weeks to 15 months, depending on the education of the person. Turkey is divided into 81 different provinces. Over 71 million people live in Turkey. 95% of Turkish people believe that there is a God. 99% of people identify themselves as Muslim The average life expectancy is just over 73 years Over 30 million tourists visited Turkey in 2008 July and August are the driest months in Turkey. May is usually the wettest month. Ankara is the capital. Thanks for sitting through this long presentation. Hope you have a great time in Turkey! Special Thanks to these websites. They helped us out alot :
. Wikipedia
. Google
. http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0108054.html
. http://www.climate-zone.com/climate/turkey/
. http://forum.kusadasi.biz/threads/abc-of-turkish-cuisines-main-ingredients.16421/
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