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Smyth - NQ FLPN - shared time chalk
Transcript of Smyth - NQ FLPN - shared time chalk
Children in shared-time arrangements tend not to fare well:
where mothers have safety concerns
where children are stuck in the middle of high ongoing parental conflict
where arrangements are rigidly maintained, and
where children are under four years of age
Characteristics of shared-time
Dual career / well educ
Pre-school aged children
Both involved pre-sep
But not single homogenous group
The best and worst of possible arrangements?
Factors that influence child wellbeing
[Ironies of separation - self, fs, child, $]
What does home mean to a child? How create a sense of home?
How do separated parents in entrenched high-conflict make shared-time arrangements ‘work – emotionally, practically and financially?
Under what conditions can court-mandated shared-time arrangements benefit children?
Can shared-time arrangements reduce parental acrimony?
Is the number, nature and timing of children’s transitions between homes a critical factor for children’s wellbeing?
Are shared-time arrangements experienced differently by different siblings and by children of different ages?
Positive experience for children when:
Parents live near each other
Arrangements are predictable, flexible and responsive
Children have the opportunity to have a say.
Children less concerned about the actual time split than about the relationship with their parents, and parents’ responsiveness to their needs
International Trends: Prevalence & incidence
Wisconsin, US: 50% incidence of shared custody (at least 25% nights)
Canada: 20% incidence of shared custody (at least 40% nights)
Netherlands: 22% incidence of shared residence (at least 50% nights)
Belgium: 37% incidence of alternating residence (at least 33% time)
Norway: 25-33% prevalence of alternating residence (at least 50% time)
UK: 3% (50/50)?
Australia: 16% ('shared care' - at least 35% of time)
5 key domains
Safety & emotional security
Parenting quality & Parent-child r/ship
Nature & exercise of parenting arrangements
Practical issues (eg. resources, work, proximity)