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Constitutional Convention

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by

Jordan Westering

on 6 October 2016

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Transcript of Constitutional Convention

For your enjoyment
The Great Compromise
Held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1787
Compromise= How to elect the President of the United States?
12 of the 13 states were represented... all but "Rogue Island".
Led by George Washington (patient and fair)
Took about 5 months
Locked themselves in room until finished (no windows, during the summer...yikes)
Who came?
55 men total
8 had signed the
"Declaration of
Independence"
Signed in Interdependence Hall
The Virginia Plan vs. The NJ Plan
Major Compromises
North= ONLY WHITE MEN
South= Wanted their slaves to count
Who should be counted towards a state population?

Constitutional Convention
(aka a meeting to fix our horrible rule book)
Main Goal: Fix the Articles of Confederation because Daniel Shay is a jerk and showed us up!

*Three Branches for
national government:

(Legislative, Executive,
Judicial)

*2 houses in national
legislature:

(House of Rep. & Senate)

*Proportional
Representation???
(representation based
on state population)
Why might Virginia
like this plan?
Legislative Branch would
only have one house (like
Articles of Confederation)

Increase powers:
*levy taxes
*regulate trade
*create supreme laws over
states
*several ‘presidents’ chosen
by Congress
*Supreme court chosen
by ‘presidents’
Why would New Jersey
like this plan?
Bicameral legislature (Congress)

2 houses
1. House of Representatives
*Proportional representation
according to state population

2. Senate
*Equal representation
*Chosen by state legislatures
(law makers)


3/5's COMPROMISE= 5 blacks would be equivalent to 3 whites.
The President of the U.S. is elected by
something called the
Electoral College.

Same number that serve in the House of
Representatives, (435), and the Senate, (100)
plus 3 territories. So the total number is
538
.

To become President you need a
majority
of
538 which is around 269 or 270

The Constitution's 6 Big Ideas
1. Limited Government
2.Republicanism
3. Checks and Balances/Separation of Powers
4. Federalism
5. Judicial Review
6. Popular Sovereignty
Jumpstart
So what is
Limited Government??
The traditional American philosophy teaches that
government must be

limited
in power if Individual Liberty is to be safeguarded, if each Individual's God-given,
unalienable rights
are to be made and kept secure.
Republicanism
Popular sovereignty is the principle that the authority of the government is
created
and sustained by the
consent of its people
, through their elected representatives, who are the source of all political power.
Popular Sovereignty
AKA THE PEOPLE
HAVE THE POWER
aka WE HAVE TO
HAVE THESE RIGHTS!
CHECKS AND BALANCES
Political power is not concentrated in
the hands of one individual or one group.
aka...
THIS GUY doesn't get all the power
A belief in which the society should be governed by the people and all people should have rights. In addition all the people in a society should be equal.
So... WHAT IS SEPARATION OF POWERS
THE US CONSTITUTION GRANTS SPECIFIC POWERS TO EACH BRACH OF GOVERNMENT...
LEGISLATIVE
EXECUTIVE
JUDICIAL
WHAT ARE THEIR ROLES?
270 to win!
Federalism
A belief that an organization should share its power between federal and state governments to protect citizens
JUDICIAL

EXECUTIVE
LEGISLATIVE
INTERPRETS LAWS
ENFORCES LAWS
MAKE LAWS
Headed by supreme court
Headed by the president
Headed by Congress
1. Come grab both papers
2. Cut out documents
3. One document on each tab
4. Glue on tabs
5. Map goes on
FRONT cover


Lables:
Top half- ANTI-FEDERALIST DOCUMENTS
Bottom Half- FEDERALIST DOCUMENTS

What do you do??
*Your group will receive a packet including:
*summary of the branch’s powers
* a list of how it can check other branches’ powers
*specific role-playing scenario with directions

You will have 15 min!! You are COMPETING!
TASK:
*Read the worksheet
*Prepare the role-playing scenario
*Figure our your branch’s goal
*Decided what actions that youcan take to accomplish this goal
We will now SHARE OUR GOALS

Present your scenario including your goal and the actions they plan to take in order to accomplish this goal.

Order:
*Executive
*Legislative
*Judicial
Now... YOU BEST CHECK YOSELF, BEFORE YOU WRECK YOSELFFF
TASK:
*Brainstorm how they would prevent the other two branches of government from accomplishing their goals through checking their powers
You have
20 min
Anti-Feds VS. Feds
1. Grab a brown book, bottom shelf of middle blue cabinet!

2. Go to page 84

3. Read lesson 16 and 17 on the Federalists vs. Anti-federalists.

4. Answer BLUE questions at the end of both lessons.


In table groups...
You will be assigned one "idea/plan" that came up during the constitutional convention
Make a google presentation with your group members including the following...
Definition of plan/idea
Who created it?
Why did they want it?
Did we end up using it in the Constitution?
Political cartoon representation of plan/idea
Jumpstart
What is the PLAN??
1775
1790
1776: Declaration of Independence
1777: Articles of Confederation
1787: Constitution
1775-1783: Revolutionary War
Take out your answers from yesterday from brown book.
Random Facts
FEDERALIST VS. ANTI-FEDERALIST
What year was the Constitution of the United States signed??
1. Virginia Plan 5. Connecticut Compromise
2. New Jersey Plan 6. Federalist
3. 3/5's Compromise 7. Anti-Federalist
4. Great Compromise 8. Electoral College
How should the states be represented?
Should slaves/native americans count towards population?
How should the President be elected?
What can this lady teach us about life?
1. Grab your computer
2. Log on/Open Internet
3. Turn your desk facing the back of the room
So what is Judicial Review??
When a country allows the federal courts have the power to review acts of federal government and cancel any such acts they feel are unconstitutional.
VS.
PSA Assignment
In partners or on your own you will create a picture depiction of ONE of the Big 6 Principals of the Constitution.
Next Ste
p

1. Go to
http://tinyurl.com/pvb7lax
2. Take quiz... this should be the ONLY tab open.
3. When done, press submit and log off.
4. Work on other HW.
It can be a Public Service Announcement (PSA), comic, or simply an illustration of the principal.
Supplies are by the window
Jumpstart
1. Turn in your jump starts
2. Turn in
Big 6 Cartoon
we did yesterday
3. Grab a Brown Book
For your TEST, you'll have to pick a side
Turn these in on the shelf UP FRONT :)
Jumpstart
Pull out your answers to the FED/ANTI-FED lesson we began on Friday!!
1. Finish blue questions at the end of lesson 16/17
2. Share with neighbor details about Federalist opinion and Anti-Federalist opinion
3. Make flip book
FLIP BOOK
(You are going to be able to use this on your test!! aka: DO A GOOD JOB!)
1. Come up to front- Grab 1 piece of mint paper and 8 pieces of white paper.

2. Fold hamburger style and staple together at seems (3 staples)

3. . Cut inside ALL (besides 1st piece closest to front and back cover) in half hamburger style

4. Write in BIG LETTERS on FRONT the title.
"Should the Constitution be Ratified?"

5. Also on the FRONT write your NAME on bottom of page!
FLIP BOOK
JUMPSART: Pull out your....
You have the first 15 min to finish!
Document 1-8= Federalist
Document 9-21= Anti-Federalist
JUMPSTART
PULL OUT YOUR FLIP BOOKS FROM YESTERDAY!!!
IF YOU WERE HERE YESTERDAY...
you were filling in the t-chart using your answers from your brown book!!
Start new jump starts... What is one of the MAIN arguments for the Anti-Federalists and the Federalists?
Monday Jumpstart
Target: I will understand the main arguements of the Federalists/Anti-Federalists
1. What strategy did the Federalist use to get their ideas used in the Constitution...
When you've answered the Jumpstart, pull out your flip book!
Talk Show!
ROLES:
Host- Mrs. Moog
New England Farmers- Diana, Adam, Keiren, Josie
New England Merchants- Alana, Esmerai, Betania, Brooke
Virginia Gentry- Jose, Faith, Luiz, Maria
Slaves- Michelle, Tyler, Terron, Daylin
Thomas Jefferson- Jeff, Javier, Seth, Vann
Alexander Hamilton- Alexia, Ceara, Beau, Alex

What is each group responsible for?
1. Name plate for your group.
2. 1-2 minute speech that explains your view-point on the ratification
(passing)
of the Constitution.
3. You must ask a question of 2 other groups
(on back of sheet).
4. You must also be able to answer two questions from other groups.
TO DO THIS YOU MUST FIRST RESEARCH WHAT YOUR GROUPS VIEW ON THE CONSTITUTION IS...
TODAY
Finalize 1-2 minute speech

*Intro- Who are you? What do you do for the country?
*Are you Fed or Anti-Fed? Why are you that stance?
*2 disses on other groups! (Make sure they're not on your side)

Finish your questions for both groups you are responsible for!

Research your character enough so you're ready for the questions YOU will be asked while your up front!
Today- Finish Talk Show Prep
Friday- Talk Show
Monday- Finish Talk Show/Readers come in and speak with you
Tueday- Assessment
Wednesday- Assessment
FINAL DAY for WRITING ASSESSMENT
Reminders:
1. No personal pronouns... (you, we, our, etc.)
2. Include a COUNTER CLAIM in every paragraph
3. Site your sources

Example:
"According to Thomas Jefferson..."
OR
(Doc 19)

4. Must have 2 pieces of evidence in every paragraph
5. Don't forget commentary after evidence

BEFORE YOU START... Staple together...
*Rubric- with your name on it
*Graphic organizer

Today
- Research topics brought up during the Constitutional Convention

Tuesday
- Present/Simulation

Wednesday
- Finish Simulation

Thursday
- Reading Assessment
9 Supreme
Court Justices
Cabinet of People
House of Reps
and
Senate
Full transcript