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The Great Gatsby Archetypes
Transcript of The Great Gatsby Archetypes
Gatsby leaves home
Gatsby tries to get Daisy Back
The Green Light
"The Self-Made Man was the restless go-getter who constantly strove for success in the public sphere and the marketplace. Instead of basing his identity as a man in landownership, genealogy, or artisanal skills, the Self-Made Man rooted his manliness in personal achievement, status, and wealth...Men no longer had to do just what their fathers had done nor stay in the same small villages where their family had always resided. The country was full of new opportunities, and young men struck out on their own, hoping to find individual success. " [McKay]
"Archetype - Examples and Definition of Archetype." Literary Devices. N.p., 19 Aug. 2013. Web. 16 May 2015. <http://literarydevices.net/archetype/>.
"ARCHETYPE DEFINITIONS." ARCHETYPE DEFINITIONS (n.d.): n. pag. Web. 15 May 2015. <http://www.edmondschools.net/Portals/0/docs/Writing%20Center/Middle/STEPS-Archetype-Definitions.pdf>.
"Archetypes." Uzair. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2015. <http://thegreatgatsb.yolasite.com/archetypes.php>.
Contreras, Marissa, Katie TenHaken, Julia Boese, Brianna Steele, Kevin McFarland, and Lora Kopp. "Archetypes in Antigone." Organizations and Archetypes (2012): 28-41. Web. 16 May 2015.
Cowden, Tami. "The Sixteen Villain Archetypes." Tami Cowden. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 May 2015. <http://www.tamicowden.com/villains.htm>.
"F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby :: Fitzgerald Gatsby Literature Analysis." F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby :: Fitzgerald Gatsby Literature Analysis. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2015. <http://www.123helpme.com/f-scott-fitzgeralds-the-great-gatsby-view.asp?id=161488>.
Golden, Carol. "The 12 Common Archetypes." The 12 Common Archetypes. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2015. <http://www.soulcraft.co/essays/the_12_common_archetypes.html>.
Mahoney, Amy. "List of Frequent Archetypes in Literature | The Classroom | Synonym." The Classroom. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2015. <http://classroom.synonym.com/list-frequent-archetypes-literature-5063.html>.
McKay, Brett, and Kate McKay. "3 Archetypes of American Manliness." The Art of Manliness. N.p., 19 Sept. 2010. Web. 15 May 2015. <http://www.artofmanliness.com/2010/09/19/3-archetypes-of-american-manliness-part-iii-the-self-made-man/>.
Sanderson, Christine. "Birth/Death/Rebirth: Pairing Young Adult and Classic Novels To Teach Situational Archetypes." The Alan Review. Ed. Wendy Glenn, Ricki Ginsberg, and Danielle King. Virginia Tech, Fall 2001. Web. 17 May 2015. <http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/ejournals/ALAN/v29n1/sanderson.html>.
"The Unfaithful Wife." English 1 2009-2010 -. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 May 2015.
Jay Gatsby is the perfect example of the Self-Made Man. Even when he was a small boy, Gatsby always wanted a better life. At the age of 16, Jay Gatsby left the small village where he was from to become the man he knew he was destined to be. After Gatsby left home, he met Dan Cody, an alcoholic millionaire. Jay and Dan sailed all over the world for five years until Dan's death. Instead of giving his money to his own family, Dan gave all of his riches to Jay. Gatsby's charismatic character not only helped him inherit all of Dan’s money, but it also helped him climb higher in status.
"Characterized by sensuous beauty, she is one whose physical attraction may bring about the hero's downfall." [Definitions]
"To Gatsby, Daisy represents the paragon of perfection—she has the aura of charm, wealth, sophistication, grace, and aristocracy that he longed for as a child in North Dakota and that first attracted him to her. In reality, however, Daisy falls far short of Gatsby’s ideals. She is beautiful and charming, but also fickle, shallow, bored, and sardonic. Nick characterizes her as a careless person who smashes things up and then retreats behind her money. Daisy proves her real nature when she chooses Tom over Gatsby, then allows Gatsby to take the blame for killing Myrtle Wilson even though she herself was driving the car. Finally, rather than attend Gatsby’s funeral, Daisy and Tom move away, leaving no forwarding address." [Great]
"the bullying despot, he wants power at any price. He ruthlessly conquers all he surveys, crushing his enemies beneath his feet. People are but pawns to him, and he holds all the power pieces. Hesitate before getting in this man’s way – he’ll think nothing of destroying you." [Cowden]
"Tom is a sexist, racist, arrogant hypocrite. His actions are clearly villainous because he never contributes positively towards anything. His adulterous acts further prove his villainous characteristics and when told about his wife’s affair with Gatsby, he becomes outraged even though he himself is having an affair with Myrtle, who is married to George. At the end of the novel, Tom tells George that Gatsby is the one was driving the car that killed Myrtle when in fact it had been Daisy who is driving. Tom new very well what the consequence would be for Gatsby, making him an instigator of George and Gatsby’s confrontation that leads to the deaths of both of them." [Archetypes]
The Wise Man and Hero
"Motto: All men and women are created equal
Core Desire: connecting with others
Goal: to belong
Greatest fear: to be left out or to stand out from the crowd
Strategy: develop ordinary solid virtues, be down to earth, the common touch
Weakness: losing one's own self in an effort to blend in or for the sake of superficial relationships
Talent: realism, empathy, lack of pretense
The Regular Person is also known as: The good old boy, everyman, the person next door, the realist, the working stiff, the solid citizen, the good neighbor, the silent majority" [Golden]
"Nick is the only one to not succumb to the love spell that everyone is cursed with. He fancy’s Jordan Baker but ends the relationship when he knows there is no future for them. He moves away from all the drama and did not get too involved in other people’s problems. He is the wisest of them all especially since he is the only one who was not hurt by the end of the novel. When Gatsby dies, he arranges a small funeral and invites some people demonstrating his heroics." [Archetypes]
The Unfaithful Wife
"Characterized by a deceitful, treacherous, ambitious, and intelligent nature, the unfaithful wife has the power to manipulate her foolish husband. Desire controls her spouse’s actions, and his dullness usually drives the wife to pursue a more desirable, exciting man. Similar to the femme fatale, the dangerous, seductive adulteress always maintains control over her husband." [Unfaithful]
Myrtle’s husband works in a run-down auto shop in a bad part of town. Since Myrtle is bored with her relationship, she finds adventure with a wealthier, more interesting man, Tom Buchanan.
"The main character falls from grace in consequence of his or her own action e.g. Oedipus from Sophocles “Oedipus Rex”, Lear from Shakespeare’s “King Lear” etc..." [Archetype]
In the movie, Jay Gatsby was willing to go to extreme measures just to be with Daisy. His obsession with Daisy was brought to the attention of Tom when they are all at lunch in Tom and daisy’s mansion. Daisy gets flustered and suggests they all go to out. They take two separate cars to a hotel, but Jay has a breakdown in front of everyone. After the breakdown, the all ride back to West Egg, but Myrtle comes out running in the middle of nowhere and she is run over by Daisy. Since Gatsby is still madly in love with Daisy, he decides to take the blame for the death of Myrtle. Gatsby’s deep obsession with Daisy ends with his own death when Myrtles husband shoots him.
Death and Rebirth
"The most common of all situational archetypes, this motif grows out of the parallel between the cycle of nature and the cycle of life. It refers to those situations in which someone or something, concrete and/or metaphysical dies, yet is accompanied by some sign of birth or rebirth." [Archetype]
"The novel is the story of Jay Gatsby. It is told by Nick Carraway, who comes to know Gatsby one summer on Long Island. Jay Gatsby began life as James Gatz, but at seventeen he was taken in by Dan Cody, who was yachting on Lake Superior. From Cody, James Gatz learned the ways of the wealthy. His rebirth as the rich and mysterious Jay Gatsby had begun. Several years later, still penniless, he entered the army during World War I and met Daisy Buchanan. With his uniform as a great equalizer, he passes himself off as someone wealthy enough to be worthy of Daisy's affection. After the war, he gets the money to complete his transformation into Jay Gatsby and returns for Daisy. While Gatsby does manage to renew his affair with her, he is blinded by the ideal image of her that he has created. In reality, she is insincere and swayed only by Gatsby's wealth. His attempt to recreate himself and his past with her ends tragically with his death" [Sanderson]
"The search for someone or some talisman which, when found, will restore all that is wrong" [Definitions]
"Gatsby's tale with Daisy begins with his falling in love with her in 1917. But a month later he was shipped off to go and fight in World War One. Gatsby's desire to return to Daisy and continue their love began to effect everything he did, starting then. Gatsby tried endlessly to be released, by making wrong decisions in the war in a desperate hope that they would get him sent hom His craving for her could almost be considered insane. He stalks her and follows her, and everything he does is for her. It's sort of like he sold his soul to her and is now stuck to her forever, but it is entirely voluntary. Anyone would find this dedication un-healthy but for Gatsby it is his only reason for living. So Gatsby decides to go after Daisy and continues his pursuit to West Gatsby does many other things for Daisy. He constantly throws extremely extravagant parties in an attempt to see her again, but she never shows up. The sole reason for his parties is her. Gatsby's entire stay in West Egg until his death, is of the sole prospect of his getting back together with Daisy. He is so obsessed with her that he is willing to do anything for her. He forgets all of his morals and all of his reason and applies his full court press non-stop in constant attempts in winning back Daisy" [Scott]
"Color is a powerful archetype with deep emotional associations. Literature often features the archetypes of light versus darkness, with light suggesting hope, goodness, innocence or intellectual illumination, while darkness represents ignorance, despair, death or evil. Red can indicate blood or violence, but also birth, energy and fire. Green is commonly associated with fertility, nature and growth. Blue, such as a clear sky, frequently suggests themes of devotion, truth and spirituality. Gold and silver also often appear as literary archetypes, with gold representing the sun, truth and wealth, and silver as symbols of the moon or money." [Mahoney]
"Another symbolization of the color green, which contradicts the first, is the meaning “go.” As in a traffic light signal, most people associate green with the word and action “go.” This can be interpreted as meaning Gatsby should go for his dream without hesitation. It implies that Gatsby and Daisy are meant to be together and nothing should stop Gatsby from his destined happiness and love with Daisy. It inspires hope for Gatsby that he is on the right path, heading towards the best years of his life. He believes that things will soon be as they once were, only better. ”I’m going to fix everything just the way they were before,” he said nodding determinedly. 'She’ll see.'" [Archetype]