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Musical Form

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Dawn Lioutas

on 9 February 2012

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Transcript of Musical Form


And one more thing...
The overall
structure of a piece of music.
Binary form is a musical form in two related sections (AB), both of which are usually repeated (AABB).

Most strictly, a piece in binary form is characterized by two complementary, related sections of roughly equal duration, which come up frequently. The first section will start in a certain key, and will usually modulate to a related key.
In rondo form, a principal theme (sometimes called the "refrain") alternates with one or more contrasting themes, generally called "episodes," but also occasionally referred to as "digressions" or "couplets."

ABACA is one possible pattern of a rondo.
What is musical form?
Binary Form (AB)
Rondo (ABACA)
Verse/chorus/bridge, this type of song form is an extension of the simple verse/chorus structure.

Often it uses this pattern: Verse-Chorus-Verse-Chorus-Bridge-Chorus. The first verse sets-up the theme of the song with the last line offering a natural progression to the chorus. The chorus contains the main message of the song that is worth repeating. Then another verse where new details are revealed followed by the chorus again. Then a bridge is added which is often shorter than the verse. The bridge must be different from the verse, lyrically and rhytmically, and offer a reason why the chorus needs to be repeated.
Verse, Chorus, Bridge
Verse Chorus Bridge
Instru intro
Verse 1 (in Eb)
Verse 2
Chorus (starting on Ab)
Instru link
Verse 3 (back in Eb)
Chorus (Ab again)
Instru link
Bridge (in Eb)
Chorus (Ab, finishing on Eb)
Verse Chorus Bridge
VERSE 1: When you try your best, but you don't succeed
When you get what you want, but not what you need
When you feel so tired, but you can't sleep
Stuck in reverse

VERSE 2: And the tears come streaming down your face
When you lose something you can't replace
When you love someone, but it goes to waste
Could it be worse?

CHORUS: Lights will guide you home
And ignite your bones
And I will try to fix you

VERSE 3: And high up above or down below
When you're too in love to let it go
But if you never try you'll never know
J Just what you're worth

CHORUS: Lights will guide you home
And ignite your bones
And I will try to fix you

BRIDGE: Tears stream down on your face
When you lose something you cannot replace
Tears stream down on your face
And I...

BRIDGE: Tears stream down on your face
I promise you that I will learn from mistakes.
Tears stream down on your face
And I...

CHORUS: Lights will guide you home
And ignite your bones
And I will try to fix you
Sectional Form

A form built from a sequence of clear
cut units-Introduction and Coda, Exposition,
Development, and recapitulation, verse,
chorus or refrain, and bridge.
Developmental Form
Ternary Form
A form that consists of three parts. Often the first section is repeated (AABA).
Forms that are built from smaller units called motifs, they are combined and worked out in various ways. Music with this form has a progressive development from beginning to end.
Strophic Form is defined
by its repetition. It uses the
same music or the same kind
of music. It often has the
form of A A A and is used
music with poetry. It often
sounds the same or has
very little
Strophic Form
Sonata Form
Sonata from the Italian word means “to sound” is the name for an instrumental genre that usually has several movements and is either performed by a soloist or by a chamber ensemble. It is also known as the sonata allegro form. It is the most important principal of musical form from the Classical period up until the 20th century. The first movement of a symphony is relatively a fast movement heavy on content and feeling. The majority of first movements are in Sonata Form. Therefore sonata is recognized as the “first movement.”
Variation Form
Variation form is a way of organizing music. Variation is a formal technique where material is repeated in an altered form. The changes may involve harmony, melody, counterpoint, rhythm, timbre, orchestration or any mixture of these. It includes ground bass, passacaglia, and chaconne variations.
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