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Counterarguments

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Transcript of Counterarguments

Counterarguments
An argument opposed to your thesis
What is it?
They can make the argument stronger.
Why would you include counterarguments?
Actually, no.
How should a counter-argument be presented?
Thoroughly and fairly.
Include reasons why someone might actually hold that view.
Objectively.
The writer should ask him/herself if the person who actually holds this position would accept your way of stating it.
Summarize and Critique
Wouldn't that weaken your argument?
It expresses the view of a person who disagrees with your position.
It shows possible objections to your claim.
They give you the chance to respond to your reader’s objections before they have finished reading.
They also show that you are a reasonable person who has considered both sides of the argument.
It's not just a quick sentence and then immediate rebuttal.
Don’t use biased language.
What's the difference?
Summary:
Critique:
a brief statement of the most important information in a piece of writing or speech
an act of criticizing, especially a critical estimate or discussion
Examples
When you SUMMARIZE an argument, you:
restate the argument's main points
include only information that appears in the original text--not your own opinions
When you CRITIQUE an argument, you:
discuss your opinions about or criticisms of the argument
back up your ideas with examples and evidence
Examples
It seems like an easy argument to be against littering, but many can also use the counterargument stating littering results in the creation of jobs. People get paid to clean up the litter. Littering, of course, can also be argued as detrimental to the environment.
A child may argue for a dog. The parents remind the child his sister is allergic to dogs. The boy uses the counterargument that she has been around some dogs without any problems. He is ready for each argument against the dog, perhaps stating there are breeds of dogs that are hypoallergenic. He may also argue that a dog will build up the sister's tolerance.
DOs and DON'Ts:
DO
point out the author's purpose for writing
pay attention to text organization
take note of the main idea
DON'T
offer an opinion
use direct quotes
include too many minor details (focus on "big idea")
DOs and DON'Ts:
DO
determine the author's purpose
examine how the argument with a text is supported
pay attention to text organization and why
include direct quotes for support
DON'T
confuse a critique with a review (state why (dis)agree with author
include too much summary
To begin, there are several aspects of our school’s homework policy that apply to all teachers’ classes. First, all students are required to have their homework at the beginning of class. Many teachers will not accept work after class has already started. Second, few teachers will let you get away with not turning in something. Every teacher will follow up with you in some way. In contrast, there are some ways that teachers differ in their homework policy. Some teachers at our school will allow you to finish the assignment for late credit the next day. However, other teachers will
make you finish the assignment that day before you can participate in class.
Summary or Critique?
SUMMARY
Summary or Critique?
Although most teachers use a similar homework policy for their classes, there are some differences in these policies that create problems. For example, when different teachers use different policies, students can become confused. The different policies can detract from student learning when students are more focused on remembering the specific homework policy as opposed to just doing their homework. In this way, it isn’t very effective to have several unique policies being used across the school. On the other hand, it is sometimes necessary for teachers at different grade levels to use a homework policy that is geared more towards their age students. While 6th grade students may need more leniency to complete homework for late credit, 8th graders should be more than capable of doing the work the first time. It makes sense that they may not get second chances. This is an instance where the differences in homework policies are effective.
CRITIQUE
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