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Types of Medieval Castles

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Lauren Middleton

on 1 October 2013

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Transcript of Types of Medieval Castles

Types of Medieval Castles
Motte and Bailey Castles
Built Around - 950 CE in England, Wales, and Northern France
Features -
1. Motte (large mound of earth)
2. Bailey (area lower than the mound, while buildings and homes)
3. Keep (large tower built for defense)
Materials Used - Mostly wood
Strengths -
1. Cheap and easy to build
2. Easy to find materials
3. Could be built quickly
Weaknesses -
1. Easy to burn down
2. Broad base of the motte made it hard to defend
Stone Keep Castles
Built Around - 1066 in England
Features -
1. Stone keep upon a motte
2. Stone curtain walls with towers
3. Moat
Materials Used -
1. Stone
Strengths -
1. Could survive fire attacks
2. Strong against catapults
3. Would last much long than wood castles
Weaknesses -
1. Expensive
2. Time consuming to build
3. Design vulnerable to attack
Motte and Bailey Castles
Concentric Castles "Castle Within a Castle"
Built Around - 1200-1300
Features -
1. Two layers of curtain (stone) walls (higher inner wall)
2. Defensive towers
3. Moat
Materials Used -
1. Stone
Strengths -
1. Very strong and easy to defend
2. Attackers would often get stuck in "death area"
Weaknesses -
1. Very expensive
2. Took a long time to build (years)
Stone Keep Castles
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