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Psychological skill training programme

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Evan Ng

on 7 April 2014

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Transcript of Psychological skill training programme

By: Evan Ng Kok Wei
Psychological Skills Training: Soccer
Education Phase
Acquisition phase
Practice phase
Hope you like the presentation :)
Athlete Profile
Thank you!
3 stage approach to PST programme
Male soccer player in his early 20s

Take part in inter-school level and local league competition
Athlete profile
Has good technical knowledge of the game

Captain of the team, plays the position of a midfielder

Fast player

Good confidence in his own abilities, strong desire to suceed in every game he play
Just recovered from knee injury

Lack of motivation to perform at his optimal ability

Often distracted when he performs mistakes early in the game

Anxiety level builds up as the key player of the team

3 distinct phases (Weinberg & Gould, 1999)
- Learning the importance of PST
- Learning the mental skills
- Using the mental skills during training and competition

Last 5 months into his competitive season
Mental practice is as important as physical practice (Barr, Hall & Rodgers, 1990)

Learn, practice and apply the mental skills in both training and competition situation

readily committed to put in time and effort in learning the mental skills to achieve
a more effective PST programme
Mental Imagery
1. Breathing Techniques
Spend lesser time with the athlete

3 main objectives (Weinberg & Gould, 1999)
1) automate skills through over learning
2) teach the athlete to systematically integrate mental skills to play
3) Simulate mental skills needed during competition

Incorporate relaxation techniques learned into preparation for soccer drills and competition

Develop pre-planned positive statements prior to training or competition

Able to practice imagery prior or during the day of competition
- Mental skill training twice a week for 2 months

- 1st month
Arousal control (relaxation techniques)
Positive self-talk

- 2nd month
Mental imagery
- Educational

taught the importance of PST training to performance

Successful stories of famous athletes being told

- Need assessment plan

performance profiling

PST questionnaire - 28-item Athletic Coping Skills Inventory (Smith, Schutz, Smoll, & Ptacek, 1995)

Last up to 1 month
Learn to facilitate relaxation through diaphragmatic breathing

Inhale through nose and exhale through mouth

Count mentally to 3 for each inhalation and exhalation

last between 5 to 10 minutes

2. Progressive Muscular Relaxation (PMR)
PMR involves the systematic tension and relaxation of muscle groups (Jacobsen, 1938)

Requires the athlete to tense the muscle group for 10s ,and relaxing the muscle for 15-20s

last between 20-30 minutes

It enhances the awareness of the level of body tension.

The goal is to enhance awareness of the level of tension in the body, and relax more effectively
Positive self talk

Thought stopping
Recall an undesirable past experience, think of a trigger to stop the thought ('stop' and 'focus')
practice saying it out loud
once better learned, say the cue word mentally

Negative self-talk to positive self-talk
List down negative self-talk
asked to re-word the negative
statements to positive ones
Goal is to recognize undesirable
thoughts and learn to substitute
them with positive thoughts
- Process of imagining oneself doing the needed athletic performance (Vealey & Greenleaf, 2006)

External imagery
video demonstration to utilize images as template for imagery
played in slow motion to focus on a particular weak skill

Internal imagery

develop positive and vivid images on their own
think through the images with many senses as possible
Focus on striking the ball, sensation of spectator noise and the excitement after scoring a goal
- Important that PST programme is evaluated continually throughout the season

Keep a log book to reevaluate progress

Use needs assessment plan again to evaluate improvement
Full transcript