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Viola, the Alto String Instrument

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by

Shamira Talukder

on 30 January 2015

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Transcript of Viola, the Alto String Instrument

Viola creation reason ~ unknown, but assumed to be for entertainment
Parts are carefully carved
4 Strings made of metal
Top - Spruce wood; Back & Ribs - Maple; Neck - Ebony or maple
Materials ~ Bridge, fingerbords, marker's supplies, hide glue, tone wood, bow parts, tools, and varnish
Parts are designed specifically for function
Designers experiment viola's shape
"full size" viola about 15-18 inches long
First developed in Italy,
Produced today in China, Romania, and Bulgaria
Cheap labor - China & France; Skilled - Bohemia
Role/Use
Part of the Symphony Orchestra in the 1700s
Held like violin-- rested on shoulder and under chin/jaw on chin rest
Finger are more spread apart
play with hair side of bow aganist the strings
fingers on the strings near the neck
can be sitting or standing when playing
Origin
Cost
Vary due to the different manufacturers
Student Violas ~ $50 - $200
Intermediate Violas ~ $150 - $760
Professional Violas ~ $200 - $2,260
Doreli Model 89 Viola Outfit ~ $249.99
Ren Wei Shi Artist Viola ~ $1,299.99
Yamaha Standard Model AVA7 Viola Outfit ~ $1,705.00
Stradivarius MacDonald Viola ~ $45 million
World's most expensive instrument
Brands: Florea, Bellafina, Yamaha, Century Strings, etc.
Better materials = More expensive
Famous Musicians
Nobuko Imai (1943-Present)
Japanese classic violist
One of the leading viola players since the 1990`s
Plays as a soloist at some of the world major orchestras
Kim Kashkashian (1952- Present)
Teaches viola at New England Conservatory
Won Grammy Award 2013 for "Best Classical Instrumental Solo"
Played with great orchestras
Modern Day
Sometimes used in contemporary pop music and jazz (i.e. "It's Time" by Imagine Dragons)
Used in some alternative rock bands
Can be used in quartets and solos
Different types of violas - i.e. electric viola
Music Pieces
Viola, The Alto String Instrument
Created in the early to mid 16th century
Andrea Amati one of the first to create a modern viola
First made in Northern Italy during the late Baroque Era
First called the alto-tenor violin
between the violin and cello in the symphony orchestra
Less popular than violin because of it`s length
18th century caught up to the other instruments in the viol family
Evolved from the viola da braccio
Often inferior to viola and played by failed violin players
Manufacture
Later Music
counter melody to violins--3rd or 5th underneath
intense, melancholic timbre
Nobuko Imai - Capriccio in C minor
Kim Kashkashian - Brahms Viola Sonata #2
Shamira Talukder, Rachel Jo (Woo Young), Sabiha Chowdhury, Dewi Sihaloho ~ Period 3
Early Music
Fill in harmonies
Play small melodic material
Full transcript