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The Hartford History Timeline (1775-1800)
Transcript of The Hartford History Timeline (1775-1800)
By Alex Rowe and
Revolutionary War In 1775, Vermont lay in a strange situation. While not actually a state, the area wished to aid in the Revolution. This began with several committee meetings. Men like Joseph Marsh, Stephen Tilden, Amos Robinson and Joshua Hazen were chosen as people to protect the town. In 1776, Hartford acquired ammunition from Connecticut to stock up on in case of attack. Members in the Hartford militia were tasked with fending off Indian attacks as well as disrupting their news tactics and innovations. Two regiments were formed at the time to protect Cumberland County. Boundary Disputes In 1777, Vermont was made a state. Phineas Parkhurst On October 16th, 1780, Parkhurst rode, wounded, from Royalton, Vermont to West Lebanon, New Hampshire, to warn the settlers about an impending attack by the Indians. Along the way, he stopped at Tilden’s Tavern, owned by Stephen Tilden, which was located on what is currently Route 14, near the White River Paper company. Tilden fired the alarm gun, sending warning to those in the area. Dothan Church Services began in 1779, and were held in the kitchen of Thomas Hazen’s house. Another church (Presbyterian) was later constructed. This church was formally known as “The Church of Christ of Dartmouth College” because of its connections with the college in Hanover, but was more commonly known as “God’s Barn” by the locals. Mass was held there until 1844, where lack of membership forced the establishment to shut down. Mass was held there until 1844, where lack of membership forced the establishment to shut down. Meeting House In 1783, the first Meeting House was constructed at the Center of Town, where the town highways made an intersection. In 1790, the first person was buried in a cemetery that was located close by to the Meeting House. In 1798, a new Meeting House was built on Dothan Road. Elias Lyman III A businessman from Massachusetts. He was educated at Northampton schools and eventually opened up a business in Weathersfield, VT. The business burned down in 1791, and shortly after, Lyman began work in White River Junction. He used the river for the transport of merchandise, including brick, iron, various food products, and various others. To transport goods, Lyman utilized boats that were 70 feet in length and 15 feet wide. Typical trips to gather merchandise would take around two weeks. In 1795, Vermont Legislature began allowing franchises to construct bridges over the Connecticut river, as well as the White River. Lyman secured rights to these bridge-building franchises in 1800, and because he owned all the bridges, he was able to set up the King Post toll bridge in 1804 1785- earliest period a dam is believed to have existed in White River, located at the White River Falls. It provided power to local mills. Eventually, Vermont legislature stepped in, calling for the construction of a bridge and canal in the area. Joseph Marsh n 1776, Marsh is appointed a Colonel in command of the Northern or Upper Regiment of Cumberland county. He was also a member of various committees in town, including one that reviewed the Vermont State Constitution. Marsh is elected Lieutenant Governor (the first in Vermont). He holds this office until 1790, and resigns entirely in 1796. He built his house, known as Marshland Farms, near the Quechee lakes, in 1793. The farm was self-sufficient, growing wheat, corn and various other food. The farm was also a producer of potash, a material used for bleaching textiles and making soap, which produced a significant amount of revenue for Marsh. Becoming A State In 1791, Vermont became the 14th state. Freegrace Leavitt Tavern Freegrace Leavitt was a man from Hanover, New Hampshire. He build the Inn in 1794, nearby to the Meeting House and the Church. Men would stop by between meetings or services and it is said they would spend the remainder of the day at the Inn. Later on, Leavitt opened a successful distillery and was eventually appointed Town Clerk. First School The first school in Hartford Village was constructed in 1795, and was held in the barn at Joseph Tilden’s house (known as “Quinneac”) in White River Village. Classes began in 1800, and Joseph Tilden owned the property until 1807. The property was later converted into a nursing home, and the barn was torn down in 1964. Thats The END.