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Grutter vs. Bollinger
Transcript of Grutter vs. Bollinger
Ian Scott, Kim Petrovski, and Marcel Weirdl
Grutter vs. Bollinger was a civil rights suit that questioned the University of Michigan Law School’s admissions process. Barbara Grutter, a white female, claimed that the alleged race-based admission process gave an un-fair advantage to applicant of minority backgrounds and was considered unconstitutional.
The 14th amendment right-Equal protection clause
withholds states from denying anyone equal protection under the laws
Civil rights act of 1964
. The civil rights Act of 1964 outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. This required equal access of public facilities the right to vote, and also the complete desegregation of schools.
District court-ruled Unconstitutional because it clearly uses race as a factor in the admissions process.
Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals-Reversed this decision. Referenced the California vs. Bakke case-race based admission is only permissible in an effort to further diversity on campus.
Supreme court Decision
On June 23, 2003, the Supreme Court decided (5-4) that the Michigan admissions program was not unconstitutional. The court exclaimed that since the University has a in-depth review of each applicant, admission is not based solely on race. This process maintains that all factors that aid to diversity is considered alongside with race.
Lee Bollinger- Dean of the University of Michigan
Grutter vs. Bollinger (1997-2003)
Activisim or Restraint
This is a case of restraint because it refers to a previous case.
The California vs. Bakke case was very similar to this one. Allen P. Bakke, a 35 year old white applicant to the University of California Davis medical school that was rejected. He complained affirmative action was the cause of his rejection. He presented the suit to state court and they ruled that the schools admission process violated the rights of whites and demanded Bakke to be accepted. The case went to the Supreme Court and they ruled that affirmative action was not illegal under the constitution and the civil right act of 1964. California’s use of a racial quota system in the admissions process violated the constitution’s equal protection clause which withholds states from denying anyone equal protection under the laws.
California vs. Bakke
Equal Protection Clause. (n.d.). Retrieved April 13, 2015, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Equal_Protection_Clause
FindLaw | Cases and Codes. (n.d.). Retrieved April 13, 2015, from http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/scripts/getcase.pl?court=US&vol=000&invol=02-241
GRUTTER v. BOLLINGER. (n.d.). Retrieved April 13, 2015, from http://www.oyez.org/cases/2000-2009/2002/2002_02_241/
Gratz v. Bollinger. (n.d.). Retrieved April 13, 2015, from http://ballotpedia.org/Gratz_v._Bollinger
Grutter v. Bollinger. (n.d.). Retrieved April 13, 2015, from http://ballotpedia.org/Grutter_v._Bollinger
Grutter v. Bollinger & Gratz v. Bollinger: University of Michigan's Race-Conscious Admissions Policies Challenged. (n.d.). Retrieved April 13, 2015, from http://civilrightsproject.ucla.edu/legal-developments/court-decisions/race-conscious-admissions-policies-challenged-university-of-michigan2019s-affirmative-action-under-fire
Grutter vs. Bollinger Gratz vs. Bollinger (2003). (n.d.). Retrieved April 13, 2015, from http://www.pbs.org/wnet/supremecourt/future/landmark_grutter.html
Haas, M. (n.d.). Research shows diverse environment has educational benefits. Retrieved April 13, 2015, from http://www.ur.umich.edu/9899/Mar22_99/10.htm
Matlock, J. (n.d.). About Michigan Student Study. Retrieved April 13, 2015, from http://www.oami.umich.edu/mss/about/
Regents of University of California v. Bakke (1978). (n.d.). Retrieved April 13, 2015, from http://www.pbs.org/wnet/supremecourt/rights/landmark_regents.html
In 1997, she filed a lawsuit against the University of Michigan Law School for racial discrimination and violation of the 14th amendment.