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Sweden: A Pro-Natalist Country
Transcript of Sweden: A Pro-Natalist Country
The Bare Facts
A Pro Natalist policy is a policy introduced by the government to increase fertility rates of a country.
It is a way of controlling the size of a population through encouraging and promoting birth.
Many countries have pro natal birth control policies. Sweden, Iran and France all have natalist policies.
Why was this policy introduced?
Sweden has been one of these countries where pro-natalist policies were introduced by the government because of rapidly decreasing fertility rates.
In this case the decreasing population, will threaten the economy due to under population.
This is when there are not enough people to fill all job spaces and so there is not enough support for economic development.
Sweden: A Pro-Natalist Country
What Is A Pro-Natalist Country ?
The population structure from 2016 is a stage 5 on the DTM however with a couple of fluctuations at various ages. Areas of fluctuation include ages 5 -19, 20-44 as well as from 45-59.
Throughout the next 50 years Sweden should experience a great population increase by 3 million people. The current fluctuating areas, illustrated on the left, should be more stable resulting in a more equal population in terms of amount and gender. Ages 15-19 should increase by 0.6%, ages 20-44 should increase 4.2% and ages 45-59 should decease by 0.2%. Nevertheless, fertility rate has slightly increased by 0.2%.
Other factors that could possibly affect the rise in total population in 2066 includes emigration and advances in medicine that increases the life expectancy.
Approaches to Increasing Fertility Rate
Sweden implemented the following rules:
Parental leave with a benefit of 80% income for 13 month.
The right to return to work after leave
The unconditional right to do part-time work. For example, to pick up children from school
A Cash-Child benefit of 900€ per child
All-day daycare as well as all-day schools so that parents can go to work without worrying about their children.
The-gneiss-blog. "Case Studies of Population Policies in Developed Countries." Geography. Paper Stacks, 16 June 2015. Web. 27 Sept. 2016. <http://the-gneiss-blog.tumblr.com/post/121650398824/case-studies-of-population-policies-in-developed>.
(n.d.): n. pag. Case Study: Pro-Natalist Policies in Sweden. 12 Apr. 2014. Web. 27 Sept. 2016. <https://studentslearningfromstudents.wikispaces.com/file/view/Sec+1_Pro+natalist_Sweden.pdf>.
Pronatalist Sweden - Infogram, Charts & Infographics. Jina Chung, 17 Aug. 2015. Web. 27 Sept. 2016. <https://infogr.am/pronatalist_sweden>.
Pro Natalist Population Policies. IB Geo Class of 2010, 14 Nov. 2010. Web. 27 Sept. 2016. <http://ismibgeo2010.wikifoundry.com/page/Pro+Natalist+Population+Policies>.
@TaitWalker. "Shared Parental Leave – Who's Left Holding the Baby?" Businessadvicene. TW, 13 Apr. 2015. Web. 27 Sept. 2016. <https://businessadvicene.com/2015/04/13/shared-parental-leave-mincoffs/>.
Changes in Population Structure
Population has increased by 1 million since the introduction of parental leave benefits in 1990. Nevertheless, the population for infants was 3.3% per a thousand whereas in 2016 it has decreased to 3.1%. Also, Sweden is suffering under the lack of economically active people with 3.6% during the 1990 and 3.3% in 2016. This demonstrates that the policy implemented didn't have a large effect during this shot amount of time.
Success or Failure
Sweden's policy was a failure in the short term since population and fertility rates have decreased regardless of the policies implementation. Nevertheless, in the future fertility rates are set to increase by at least 1% -2%. Not only will this achieve the policy's purpose but also more jobs for economically active people. The increased amount of youth will grow to be economically active resulting in more work spaces being occupied and as well as increased tax payment.