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Meiji Restoration

Global 10 / Fairport High School / Rachford-Stokes
by

Gayle Rachford

on 22 January 2015

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Transcript of Meiji Restoration

Europe
Asia
Africa
North
America

South
America

Australia
Japan
Pacific
Ocean
Indonesia
China
South
Korea
North
Korea
Manchuria
Russia
Sea of
Japan
East China
Sea
Tokyo
Honshu
Hokkaido
Shikoku
Kyushu
Korea Strait
(China)
Sea of
Okhotsk
Greenland
Atlantic
Ocean

Pacific
Ocean

Indian
Ocean

Pacific
Ocean

Arctic
Ocean

Southern
Ocean

Do you remember the Tokugawa Shogunate?
The Tokugawa Shoguns united Japan as a feudal state in 1600ad under the rule of Tokugawa Ieyasu.
Look back to the Absolutism Unit in your notebook...
Identify the most significant accomplishment of the Tokugawa Era...
From the late 18th century into the 19th century, the United States showed increasing interest in expanding her
spheres of influence
. The US was following Europe's lead in establishing imperial territories in regions of the world where her navy could take her
growing military & economic power.
In 1852, President Millard Fillmore sent the US Navy with Commodore
Matthew C. Perry
to Japan.
Perry's mission was to demand that the Shogun open Japan's ports to
trade with the U.S.
The American demand was an opportunity for some of Japan's most powerful
daimyo
leaders to
challenge
the
Shogun
for supreme power and move Japan
OUT of isolation
and
INTO an era of economic, military, and political modernization and internationalism.
Commodore Matthew C. Perry seen through the eyes of a Japanese record-keeper.
Commodore Perry arrives in Japan for the second time in 1854 to secure trading rights with the Shogunate. His mission was a success.
By 1870, open conflict between those who wanted to keep Japan's
traditional
economy and society and those who wanted to
modernize
was taking place.

This image depicts forces of
"the new"
battling forces of
"the old"
. The figures represent these ideas. Look for differences between modern and traditional clothing...
By November 9, 1867, the last Tokugawa Shogun -
Yoshinobu
- handed control of Japan over to the Yamato Imperial Family, who had claimed the imperial right to rule Japan since 660BC but had lost their power during the Tokugawa Shogunate.
Emperor Komei
Although some who remained loyal to the Shogun fought to reestablish their control of the Japanese government, by
1869
, the imperial family had secured their authority and a new Emperor was named...
BEFORE the Meiji Period...
AFTER the Meiji Restoration
BEFORE the
Meiji Period...
AFTER the
Meiji Restoration...
BEFORE the
Meiji Period...
AFTER the
Meiji Restoration...
BEFORE the
Meiji Period...
Meiji Restoration:
Modernizations in
TRANSPORTATION
&
INFRASTRUCTURE
February 3, 1867, Emperor Komei's son ascended to the Chrysanthemum Throne and declared a new era of "enlightened rule" in Japan. He named himself
"Meiji" - the enlightened ruler
- and remained in power until his death in1912.
Emperor Meiji's goals had 5 key components:

assemblies may gather to openly discuss government policy

unite all classes and allow all to take part in government service

allow all citizens to seek a job of their choice

leave old customs behind and seek to establish a system of justice according to Confucian laws of nature

seek international knowledge to strengthen the new Japanese Empire
The RESTORATION of the imperial family under Meiji:

ended feudalism in Japan

ended the power of the shogun, daimyo, and samurai

opened Japan to international influence and diplomacy

transformed Japan's traditional economy to capitalism

united the country through new railroads

introduced elements of democracy

caused Japan to seek colonial territories in search of raw materials for industrialization
Chrysanthemum Throne
The construction of steam ships led to increasing demand for coal.
Contact with "westerners" - Americans and Europeans - influenced Japanese fashion.
The Meiji Restoration made Japan into an economic and a military world power by the early 20th century.
Japan's eagerness to modernize will lead her to seek NATURAL RESOURCES and mineral deposits, such as iron, in Korea and Manchuria (northern China).
Japan's entry into its imperial era will contribute to the building international tensions that lead to World War II.
AFTER the
Meiji Period...
Full transcript