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Transcript of Meiji Restoration
Do you remember the Tokugawa Shogunate?
The Tokugawa Shoguns united Japan as a feudal state in 1600ad under the rule of Tokugawa Ieyasu.
Look back to the Absolutism Unit in your notebook...
Identify the most significant accomplishment of the Tokugawa Era...
From the late 18th century into the 19th century, the United States showed increasing interest in expanding her
spheres of influence
. The US was following Europe's lead in establishing imperial territories in regions of the world where her navy could take her
growing military & economic power.
In 1852, President Millard Fillmore sent the US Navy with Commodore
Matthew C. Perry
Perry's mission was to demand that the Shogun open Japan's ports to
trade with the U.S.
The American demand was an opportunity for some of Japan's most powerful
for supreme power and move Japan
OUT of isolation
INTO an era of economic, military, and political modernization and internationalism.
Commodore Matthew C. Perry seen through the eyes of a Japanese record-keeper.
Commodore Perry arrives in Japan for the second time in 1854 to secure trading rights with the Shogunate. His mission was a success.
By 1870, open conflict between those who wanted to keep Japan's
economy and society and those who wanted to
was taking place.
This image depicts forces of
battling forces of
. The figures represent these ideas. Look for differences between modern and traditional clothing...
By November 9, 1867, the last Tokugawa Shogun -
- handed control of Japan over to the Yamato Imperial Family, who had claimed the imperial right to rule Japan since 660BC but had lost their power during the Tokugawa Shogunate.
Although some who remained loyal to the Shogun fought to reestablish their control of the Japanese government, by
, the imperial family had secured their authority and a new Emperor was named...
BEFORE the Meiji Period...
AFTER the Meiji Restoration
February 3, 1867, Emperor Komei's son ascended to the Chrysanthemum Throne and declared a new era of "enlightened rule" in Japan. He named himself
"Meiji" - the enlightened ruler
- and remained in power until his death in1912.
Emperor Meiji's goals had 5 key components:
assemblies may gather to openly discuss government policy
unite all classes and allow all to take part in government service
allow all citizens to seek a job of their choice
leave old customs behind and seek to establish a system of justice according to Confucian laws of nature
seek international knowledge to strengthen the new Japanese Empire
The RESTORATION of the imperial family under Meiji:
ended feudalism in Japan
ended the power of the shogun, daimyo, and samurai
opened Japan to international influence and diplomacy
transformed Japan's traditional economy to capitalism
united the country through new railroads
introduced elements of democracy
caused Japan to seek colonial territories in search of raw materials for industrialization
The construction of steam ships led to increasing demand for coal.
Contact with "westerners" - Americans and Europeans - influenced Japanese fashion.
The Meiji Restoration made Japan into an economic and a military world power by the early 20th century.
Japan's eagerness to modernize will lead her to seek NATURAL RESOURCES and mineral deposits, such as iron, in Korea and Manchuria (northern China).
Japan's entry into its imperial era will contribute to the building international tensions that lead to World War II.