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AP World - Aztec Inca 600-1450 - Fiorill

AP World - Aztec Inca 600-1450 - Fiorill
by

Mark Fiorill

on 6 January 2017

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Transcript of AP World - Aztec Inca 600-1450 - Fiorill

Toltec - Aztec - Inca - Anasazi
Anasazi – agriculture allowed larger settlement
Anasazi
No major civilization with control
North America
Polytheistic
Religion and Education
All-weather highway system - 16,000 miles
Ran “through deep valleys and over mountains, through piles of snow, quagmires, living rock, along turbulent rivers; in some places it ran smooth and paved, carefully laid out; in others over sierras, cut through the rock, with walls skirting the rivers, and steps and rests through the snow; everywhere it was clean swept and kept free of rubbish, with lodgings, storehouses, temples to the sun, and posts along the way.” (Ciezo de Leon)
New Technologies: Roads
Barter surplus and handcrafted goods
Economic Exchange
Chavin – to 100BCE
South America
Emperor --- nobles --- merchants --- commoners --- slaves
Social Hierarchy
“The People Of The Sun”
Aztecs (Mexica)
Agricultural communities
Woodlands East of the Mississippi
Priests – royal, aristocratic families
6. Formal Governments
Inca capital at Cuzco
administrative, religious, and ceremonial centerMay have supported
300,000 residents at its height
Cities: Cuzco
4. Cities
God-King
theoretically owned everything
absolute and infallible
Social Hierarchy

Mathematics
The canoe
Aztec calendar
medicine
New Technologies
FORMAL GOVERNMENTS
Irrigation, terraces

Chinampas - land anchored to lake bottom for agriculture
Intensive Agricultural Techniques
Arts and Writing
Post-Classical – 900-1450
Different civs evolving separately
Americas 600-1450CE
Moved military
New Technologies: Roads
Major Roads of the Inca Empire
New Technologies
Inca gold
7. Economic Exchange
Terraces - farmland from mountains
Agriculture
Llamas
5. Agriculture
2. Organized Art and Writing
1. Specialization of Labor
Polytheistic
Organized religion and education
Money or cacao beans used to buy or trade
6. Economic Exchange
Tenochtitlan
Lake Texcoco (raised land)
Cities
Specialization of Labor
Inti Raymi, the feast of the sun
Religion and Education
13th Century - Inca established control
Inca
Quipu – Incan system of knots to collect records, numbers
Post-Classical – Toltecs and Aztecs
Classical – Maya and people of Teotihuacan
Decline led to rise of the Mexica
Centralized state based on military
Unified central Mexico
Toltecs
Mexican Flag
Tenochtitlan, legend
1500 – ruled millions
Emperor
human sacrifice to please gods
daily actions influence the gods
Priests and military held power
Maize, beans, coca
Irrigation systems
Moche – 100-700CE
15th Century - more than 2,500 miles
In 1438, Pachacuti expands
Llamas and alpacas for meat, wool, hides, and dung
Chief crop was the potato
Bureaucrats supported central gov’t
education and religious rituals
Roads
Supervised central government
Long distance trade
Facilitated Quechua
Runners deliver gov't messages
Rest stations day’s walk
Transport food
Afterlife
Sin violated natural order
Sacrificed produce or animals
Cuzco - 4,000 priests, attendants, and virgin devotees
Inti, god of the sun
"Virgins of the Sun"
Subsistence agriculture common
Nomadism common
Small kinship-based groups
Information from archaeology
1450 in North America
Mystery of the Anasazi
Disappearance?
Ritual enclosures called kivas
700CE – Roads, adobe buildings called pueblos
Irrigation for maize, beans, squash
Abandoned 1300
80 mounds
Cahokia (near Illinois)
Built for ceremonies
Mound-building
Mit'a system - mandatory public service for the empire
starts at age 15, goes to 50
military service also mandatory
Full transcript