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Feminist Movements and Theories

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Annette Tézli

on 10 October 2018

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Transcript of Feminist Movements and Theories

Feminist Movements and Theories
3rd Wave
time frame: 1990s-present
2nd Wave
time frame: 1960s-1980s
1st Wave
central goals:
time frame: mid 1800s - 1930s
key events:
goals:

equal opportunities in education, work, politics
elimination of sexism
sexual liberation
reproductive freedom
revolutionizing the family (no-fault divorce)
protection from violence (criminalization of marital rape)
key accomplishments:

1969 contraception legalized
1969 abortion partially legalized (fully legal by '88)
1982 Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
neo-liberalism & conservative turn of the 1980s
myth of equal opportunities
myth of empowerment
but: cuts of government funding
Status of Women in Canada
welfare (feminization of poverty)
conservative feminists
focus on negative effects of feminism
Backlash Politics & Post-feminism
Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (1982/84)
15.(1) Every individual is equal before and under the law and has the right to the equal protection and equal benefit of the law without discrimination and, in particular, without discrimination based on race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, sex, age or mental or physical ability.

(2) Subsection (1) does not preclude any law, program or activity that has as its objective the amelioration of conditions of disadvantaged individuals or groups including those that are disadvantaged because of race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, sex, age or mental or physical disability.

28. Notwithstanding anything in this Charter, the rights and freedoms referred to in it are guaranteed equally to male and female persons.
http://www.realwomenofcanada.ca/
http://www.avoiceformen.com/
Strand: liberal feminism
key events:
social justice movements
1970 Royal Commission on the Status of Women
Strands:
liberal feminism
Marxist feminism
socialist feminism
radical feminism (lesbian feminism, cultural feminism)
standpoint feminism
first masculinity studies
legal equality ≠ substantive equality
fluid movement & diversity of agendas
doing feminism in a transformed society
the personal is political
diversity of power imbalance
politics of hybridity
http://www.ncfm.org/
Strands:
lipstick & choice feminism
post-structuralist & postmodern feminism
queer theory
Anti-racist feminism (womanism)
Third World, postcolonial & transnational feminisms
Indigenous feminism
Muslim feminism
eco-feminism
intersectionality
men's studies
http://www.now.org/
Emily Murphy
http://womenagainstfeminism.tumblr.com/
http://www.returnofkings.com/
Sojourner Truth
Betty Friedan
Naomi Wolf
Gloria Steinem
end sexual violence
Common goals:
key accomplishments:
1929 Persons Case (Famous Five)
Ida B. Wells
Nannie Helen Burroughs
http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/sojourner-truth
work toward equitable gender arrangements in all spheres of life
gender, gender relations, and gender inequalities are social, not natural phenomena
expand human choice
promote sexual freedom & reproductive rights
1848 Seneca Falls convention
Elizabeth Cady Stanton & Susan B. Anthony
Frederick Douglas
equal legal, civil, educational, social rights
1851 Women's Rights Convention
Sojourner Truth
voting rights
critical examination of family, protection from abuse and rape, reproductive rights
abolish slavery
right to own property and inherit property
women's enfranchisement
Frederick Douglas
Sojourner Truth
Nellie McClung
Louise MacKinney
Henrietta Muir Edwards
Emily Murphy
Irene Parlby
Suffragettes
Suffragette
Anna Julia Cooper
Frances Ellen Watkins Harper
Elizabeth Piper Ensley
Anna Julia Cooper (1892)
"...two dingy rooms FOR LADIES swinging over one and FOR COLOURED PEOPLE swinging over the other...wondering under which head I come..."
Antisuffrage Movement
Women's Enfranchisement
Full transcript