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War On Terror

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Erin Burke

on 3 February 2013

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Transcript of War On Terror

War On Terror Why are we fighting a war on terror? By Nafisa S, Alexa A, & Erin B Reagan, the president during the war, supported Iraq and their president, Saddam Hussein (1980-1988)
Iran's leaders were made up of mostly Shiites, an Islamic group that believed Imams (people) were gods along with their main god, Allah
Iraq's leaders were made up of mostly Sunnis, an Islamic group that believed the one and only god was Allah
Iraq's intentions in fighting the war was to make Iran a Persian Gulf state
Saddam Hussein also wanted to establish himself as the dominant leader of the Islamic world and Iran was standing in his way
After the war, Iraq was the most powerful nation in the country, and this made them want Kuwait Background of World War 1 One driving force behind the US entry into World War 1 was Imperialism. We wanted to expand our influence to other countries so they would allow us to use their resources. (for example, oil) U.S. enters the war Before the U.S entered the war, we believed in isolationism because we wanted to remain neutral from conflicts. We didn't want to get involved and suffer any major casualties.

Two events that triggered our entrance into the war in 1917 was:
German U-Boat sank the British Ship, Lusitania, killing over 128 Americans
Zimmerman Note was a telegram that claimed an alliance between Germany and Mexico would form against the U.S.
These events caused conflict. The U.S felt threatened and felt the need to get involved. The Holocaust America's support for Unpopular dictators During the Afghan Civil War U.S supported Afghanistan.

The CIA trained Bin Laden during this time to fight against the Soviet Union.
Muhajdeen were the Afghan militants who after the war became America's enemies (Taliban, Muslim Brotherhood and Al-Qaeda). America funded and trained the Muhajdeen, including Osama Bin Laden.

The Taliban was a fundamentalist militant movement and Bin Laden was a huge supporter.
The U.S on the other hand wanted to dismantle the Taliban because it is a huge threat to everyone. The group attacks with bombs and other weapons, resulting in a large number of civilian deaths. Armed groups routinely engage in violence against communities, and the Taliban conducts attacks that indiscriminately or intentionally harm civilians. In particular, they enforce very unfair laws of violence towards women. Osama Bin Laden Invading Afghanistan then Iraq We want to remove Taliban from power
U.S wanted to capture Bin Laden
On October 7, 2001 U.S starts to attack Afghanistan in order to dismantle terrorist bases and to send the message that we do not support terrorism
In 2003 U.S invades Iraq because as Bush says " to disarm Iraq of weapons of mass destruction, to end Saddam Hussein's support for terrorism, and to free the Iraqi people" World War 2 Superpowers emerge After WWII Soviet Union and U.S are the only two countries that remain somewhat stable as countries. Both were the only two nations who could hope to propagate their economical and political systems on a global scale.

Despite the casualties and material losses, these wartime allies experienced rapid production increases and their economies boomed.

Later, the U.S became more interested in spreading their influence that they didn't pay much attention to the Soviet Union and we started developing weapons that threatened other countries. This eventually led to the Cold War. Proxy wars In order to stop the spread of Communism the U.S adopted the idea of Containment. The U.S supported any form of leadership that wasn't Communist. Every effort was made to spread U.S influence abroad and to stop communism from spreading.

Proxy wars helped win U.S support. By providing countries with weapons and military supplies, the U.S can help those nations who favor their form of government. So, the U.S fought other territories indirectly, through the aid of proper supplies. Arab-Israeli conflict The main cause of this war was not only over religious differences, but over land. The Jews believed they belonged in Palestine according to biblical sources. However, the Arabs believed that because so many of their own people have been in Palestine for so long, they deserved to stay.

After WW1, the growing sympathy for Jews led to people encouraging them have their own land. However, Arabs, who ere already living there, didn't want them intruding.

This conflict was between Egypt and Israel

This conflict led to the the Six Day War, when all the surrounding countries turned against Israel. The U.S supported Israel with military supplies, as we have been for some time, because they supported a democracy also. Israel, thanks to the U.S and their support, won the war in six days

This shows how the U.S. supported the Jews staying in Palestine.

The "official" but still ongoing end to the Arab-Israeli conflict was with the Camp David Accords, a peace treaty that stated peace in the Middle East, specifically between Israel and Egypt. Treaty of Versailles What did Osama Bin Laden have against the U.S? Around the period of the Cold War, the U.S became involved in proxy wars. We, the U.S, supported many Middle Eastern countries. One in particular was Israel.

Bin Laden believes that U.S involvement with Middle Eastern affairs was the reason for his actions against us. This resulted with the war on terror.

All of these events and conflicts led to Bin Laden's hatred, which soon results with the War on Terror. Allies vs Central Powers The main two opposing sides during WW1 were:
The Allies (France, Russia and U.K.)
The Central Powers (Austria Hungary and Germany and Italy).
Italy first entered the war on the Central powers' side but they eventually joined the Allied powers secretly.
U.S became part of the Allies when Russia left the war. As a result, they couldn't remain neutral in the war anymore.

WW1 started between Austria-Hungary and the Kingdom of Serbia.
Russia mobilized its army to help Serbia. When Russia refused Germany to stand down, Germany declared war on Russia.
This then brought France and Great Britain into war against Germany.
The Central Powers joined forces because they each had a lot of national pride and they wanted to unite and get revenge for their previous losses. This treaty was a peace settlement made between Germany and the Allies on June 28, 1919, which ended WW1.

This was a big cause of WWII because it forced Germany to take full responsibility for causing the war in the first place. They were faced with this war guilt and had to pay reparations for all the damages. They lost land and pretty soon Germany went bankrupt and relied on financial aid from the U.S. The fighting actually ended when an armistice was passed later in November. From 1939 to 1945, many civilians were involved in this "total war".

Adolf Hitler wanted to expand Nazi rule across Germany so he began invading surrounding countries, beginning with Poland. This angered France and Britain so they declared war on Germany. More countries became involved through treaties that required them to aid an ally when conflict arose. Germany created the Axis Powers with Italy and Japan joined later on.

The Germans were defeated by many Allied invasions through land and naval battles and were later invaded by Japan.

The war ended when the Allies dropped the atomic bomb on Japan, and Japan surrendered on August 15, 1945. Iran-Iraq war Importance of and the rise of the Taliban Hitler wanted to get rid of all Jews because he believed that they were the reason Germany's economy was suffering. His plan was genocide. He only wanted "pure German-born citizens" in Germany.

The event that strengthened Nazi violence towards the Jews was when a Jewish minor assassinated a German diplomat, Ernest von Rath. Nazi propaganda was used very often to keep the awful truths from surfacing about horrible conditions and concentration camps. In other words, the public was lied to and this is what alowed the Germans to continue the execution.

During World War 2, there was global sympathy for the Jews and everyone viewed Germany negatively. This was not helpful when the Nazis tired to expand their rule. Cold War Resulting from conflict between the U.S and Soviet Union, an arms race began. Each nation never actually physically fought, but only used scare tactics through increased weapon production. We fought this war through many proxy wars.

The Cold War was also about the U.S and Soviet Union struggling to spread their influence. The Soviets favored Communism and the U.S favored Democracy and Capitalism.
Communism is a system of government in which a single authoritarian party controls state-owned means of production
Democracy is a political system of governance either carried out by the people directly or by elected representatives.

The Cold war was so significant because in order to stop the spread of Communism, the U.S supported several unpopular dictators and countries that resulted with feelings of hatred from the Middle East. America's support for Israel When Israel officially was recognized as a state in 1948 the U.S immediately showed their support by being the first country
America's main reason for the support of Israel is their natural resources (OIL)
U.S used their support in Israel as a way to stay powerfully involved in Middle Eastern affairs
During the Cold war, the U.S supported Israel because we feared the spread of the communist influence
The alliance we have with Israel also focuses on the idea that we share common ideas and values (Ex: Both have a democracy, believe in individual rights and freedom)

Bin Laden absolutely despised our support for Israel because it was a state of Jews. He believed that Israel belonged to the Muslims. America's support for Israel meant more support for Jews living in the state in comparison to the Palestinians or Muslims, who received little support. Al-Qaeda Terrorist Group Attack on the Twin Towers Is there a solution??? Our sources: Bush Responds President Bush responds after 9/11 by asking Afghanistan to hand over Bin Laden
When they refuse, he sends U.S troops into Afghanistan Gulf War This represents the idea that the U.S believed Bin Laden attacked the U.S only because he's jealous of our freedom and our country. Al- Qaeda was a terrorist group that was led by Osama Bin Laden.
The Al-Qaeda group became popular after the Afghan Civil War. When Osama Bin Laden fought against the Soviet Union in the Afghan Civil War, we trained him.
The CIA ( Central Intelligence Agency) trained and armed Bin Laden to fight against our old enemy, Soviet Union. His training was supported by American taxpayers.
Because of his hatred with the U.S, he began to organize, lead and inform several terrorists about the 9/11 attacks.
Immediately after the attack, the U.S believed that Bin Laden had planned the attacks because of his jealousy of the U.S
He felt that our intervention in Middle Eastern Affairs were not needed and halted Islamic influence
Bin Laden thinks that we have been, and still are, stealing oil from the Middle East
Bin Laden says that the U.S is selfish. When we suffer causalities, we cause an uproar. But when there are causalities in his country we brush it off like its not important. World War 1 was a global war centered in Europe that started on July 28, 1914 and ended on November 11, 1918. This war involved the world's great powers, which were split up into two alliances: the Allies and the Central Powers. Another force behind the US entry in World War 1 was the threat that Germany wanted to undermine democracy and U.S power altogether.

Many young U.S men who joined the army underestimated the reality of war. Citizens of Middle Eastern states despised the U.S for a big reason- our support of dictators that didn't treat their people right
Shah of Iran- U.S supported this country and dictator during the Iran Hostage Crisis. We also put him back in reign during the Cold war because we didn't want Communist influence to spread in Iran.
Mubarak of Egypt- U.S supported him for several years even though he was terrible to their people. This led to the Egyptian Revolution. America feared that if Mubarak stepped down the new dictator wouldn't be as supportive in our interests.
Hussein of Iraq- Continuously we supported Iraq in the Iran- Iraq war and we provided them with money and weapons. On September 11, 2001, terrorists associated with the Islamic extremist group, Al-Qaeda led by Osama bin Laden, hijacked four airliners and attacked major targets in the US.
Osama's goal on 9/11 was to destroy the US's institution, the people and the civilization. He claims that his feelings of hatred that developed due to our actions against his country is the reason behind the attack.
Two of those planes flew into the twin towers of the World Trade Center in New York City.
The Pentagon was also hit, and they attempted to destroy the White House as well.
Over 3,000 people were killed in this attack. Iraq invaded Kuwait after the Iran-Iraq war
Iraq believed that Kuwait was stealing their oil mines
The U.S supported Kuwait because they were rich in oil "Discover the Networks." Discover the Networks. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2013.
"Introduction / The Land and the People | Middle East Research and Information Project." Introduction / The Land and the People | Middle East Research and Information Project. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2013.
"Causes of the Cold War Summary & Analysis." Shmoop. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2013
"How The CIA Helped Create Osama Bin Laden." Breaking News for Black America RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2013.
"After the Cold War:." After the Cold War. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2013.
"World War IIÂ Starts." About.com 20th Century History. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2013.
"Timeline of the War on Terror." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 14 Jan. 2013. Web. 14 Jan. 2013.
"Osama Bin Laden Created by the US - Various Articles." Osama Bin Laden Created by the US - Various Articles. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2013.
"Summary-ww2." ThinkQuest. Oracle Foundation, n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2013.
"The Arab-Israeli Conflict." The Arab-Israeli Conflict. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2013.
Zakaria, Fareed. "The Politics Of Rage: Why Do They Hate Us?" The Daily Beast. Newsweek/Daily Beast, 14 Oct. 2001. Web. 14 Jan. 2013. Bubbl.us and Google maps The only way that the U.S could stay out of world affairs is if we didn't rely on them for resources. If we didn't have a strong reliance of foreign oil, we wouldn't cause tensions between other countries in the Middle East. We would need to find some other energy source that isn't oil. Doing so would also be better for the environment.

However, with no other countries supporting us because of our lack of oil purchases, we wouldn't be a very strong nation... and what would happen when we need more resources from abroad? Staying neutral solves conflict but it isn't realistic. http://video.foxnews.com/v/4673223/war-on-terror-timeline/ <iframe src="http://bubbl.us/view/141662/263bdd/13K0FiGXNqbpU/" width="600" height="400"></iframe>

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