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Poetry Unit 2013

Notes and analysis. Reference Holt 770-777
by

Juanita Johnson

on 14 January 2013

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Transcript of Poetry Unit 2013

Understanding Poetry Sometimes you need to get lost in the trees before you can appreciate the forest. Imagery &
Figurative Language Poetic Elements Repetition Alliteration Assonance Hyperbole Metaphor Personification Simile Stanza Free Verse Rhyme Scheme Two or more lines of poetry that together form one of the divisions of a poem. Each stanza conveys a unified idea an contributes to the poem's overall meaning. A regular pattern of rhyme; one that is
consistent throughout the poem. A poem written with no regular
pattern of rhythm and rhyme. A comparison between two unlike things
without using the words like or as. an exaggeration for emphasis or humorous
effect a sound, word, phrase, or line that is repeated for emphasis and unity. The repetition of consonant sounds at the
beginnings of words. the repetition of vowel sounds in words that do
not end with the same consonant. Don't be scared..... There’s really only one reason that poetry has gotten a reputation for being so darned “difficult”: it demands your full attention and won’t settle for less. Unlike a novel, where you can drift in and out and still follow the plot, poems are generally shorter and more intense, with less of a conventional story to follow. If you don’t make room for the experience, you probably won’t have one. What is Poetry? Poetry (ancient Greek: ποιεω (poieo) = I create)
is an art form in which human language is used for its aesthetic qualities Poetry: Form and Structures We spake of many a vanished scene,
Of what we once had thought and said,
Of what had been, and might have been,
And who was changed, and who was dead;
And all that fills the hearts of friends,
When first they feel, with secret pain,
Their lives thenceforth have separate ends,
And never can be one again; For example: from The Fire of Driftwood by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. For example: We Real Cool by Gwendolyn Brooks We real cool. We
Left school. We

Lurk late. We
Strike straight. We

Sing sin. We
Thin gin. We

Jazz June. We
Die soon. For example: i am not done yet by Lucille Clifton as possible as yeast
as imminent as bread
a collection of safe habits
a collection of cares
less certain then i seem
more certain than i was
a changed changer
i continue to continue
where i have been
most of my lives if where i'm going I looked upon the rotting sea,
And drew my eyes away;
I looked upon the rotting deck,
And there the dead men lay. For example: Coleridge's "Rime of the Ancient Mariner" " The Raven" (Edgar Allen Poe)

Once upon a midnight dreary
While I pondered weak and weary
Over many a curious volume of forgotten lore
While I nodded, nearly napping,
Suddenly there came a tapping
As if someone gently rapping, rapping
At my chamber door
Tis a visitor, I muttered,
Only this, and nothing more. " The Raven" (Edgar Allen Poe)

Once upon a midnight dreary
While I pondered weak and weary
Over many a curious volume of forgotten lore
While I nodded, nearly napping,
Suddenly there came a tapping
As if someone gently rapping, rapping
At my chamber door
Tis a visitor, I muttered,
Only this, and nothing more. A comparison between two unlike things using the words: like, as, or as if. Flint
An emerald is as green as grass,
A ruby red as blood;
A sapphire shines as blue as heaven;
A flint lies in the mud.

A diamond is a brilliant stone,
To catch the world's desire;
An opal holds a fiery spark;
But a flint holds a fire.

Christina Rossetti
1830-1894 Personification involves giving human traits (qualities, feelings, action, or characteristics) to non-living objects For Example:

Death, be not proud, though some have called thee
Mighty and dreadful, for thou are not so;

from Sonnet 10 John Donne For Example:

The door of winter is frozen shut.

from "Wind Chill" by Linda Pastan For Example:

Here once the embattled farmers stood
And fired the shot heard round the world.

from "The Concord Hymn" by Ralph Waldo Emerson Phil Kaye: Repetition Steve Coleman: I Wanna Hear a Poem Anis Mojgani: Shake the Dust Steve Coleman: Blue
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