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Chapter Six: "Skeptics May Object" Planting a Naysayer in Your Text
Transcript of Chapter Six: "Skeptics May Object" Planting a Naysayer in Your Text
If you incorporate the criticism or objections to your claim your writing becomes stronger, more interesting and credible.
It is the easiest way to improve your writing. By including counterarguments you include your reader into a discussion or debate which makes your writing more interesting.
Counterarguments don't make you sound so biased or one-sided and make you more credible.
If you don't use counterarguments you come across as close-minded, you leave reader with questions and concerns that weren't addressed, and you will have very little to say. Anticipate Objections Templates for Entertaining Objections Yet some readers may challenge my view by insisting that ______.
Of course, many will probably disagree on the grounds that _______. It's okay to generalize.
Specificity also works by categorizing your Naysayer. (e.g. Feminists, Liberals, Biologists)
Problems with specific labels: stereotyping, devaluing individuality.
Is it better to be general or specific when naming your naysayer? Naming your Naysayers Don't reject labels but qualify them.
Examples: Although not all Liberals think alike, some of them will probably dispute my claim that_____.
Another way to avoid stereotyping is to make your label more specific, to target a smaller group.
Examples: "marine biologists" versus "biologists" How to minimize stereotyping Informally
In the form of questions. (e.g. Is it necessarily true that _____? But is my proposal realistic?)
Letting your Naysayers speak directly. (e.g. "Impossible" some will say. "You must be reading the research selectively.")
Another method is making a dialogue between your view and the objections. Make sure to make clear which voice is yours. Other ways introduce Objections Represent objections with fairness and generosity.
Making the best case possible for your critics will bolster your credibility.
Be thorough in stating your counterclaim. (Make it several sentences.)
Don't mock a view you oppose because you alienate readers who already don't agree with your claim and those are the people you are trying to persuade otherwise.
What can happen if you make the best case possible for your critics? Represent Objections Fairly Answer Objections persuasively.
There is a risk that your reader might find your counterarguments more persuasive than your actual argument.
Make sure you can back up your rebuttals to counterarguments, have evidence.
The best way to overcome an objection is to agree with part of it and refute the part that you dispute.(e.g. Yes, but.. Yes and no)
Templates for Making Concessions while still standing your ground.
While it is true that _____ it doesn't necessarily follow that _____.
If you have done everything you can to refute your counterargument and you feel your argument is weaker than the counterargument you need to revise your own ideas. This will make your writing intellectually challenging, honest, and serious. Answering Objections