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Elements of Art &
Transcript of Elements of Art &
is a mark with greater length than width and is also a mark on a surface that describes a shape or outline.
Lines can be horizontal, vertical, diagonal, actual, or implied; straight or curved; thick or thin.
Principals of Design
is a closed line with no form or thickness;
they are flat or two-dimensional and express length and width.
They can be geometric, like squares and circles; or organic, like free-form or natural shapes.
is a three-dimensional shapes expressing length, width, and depth.
Balls, cylinders, boxes, and pyramids are example of forms.
is the area between and around objects.
The space around objects is often called negative space; negative space has shape.
Space can also refer to the feeling of depth.
Real space is three-dimensional; in visual art, when we create the feeling or illusion of depth, we call it space.
is light reflected off of objects.
Primary colors are the only true colors (red, blue, and yellow). All other colors are mixes of primary colors.
Secondary colors are two primary colors mixed together (green, orange, violet).
Intermediate colors, sometimes called Tertiary colors, are made by mixing a primary and secondary color together. Some examples of intermediate colors are yellow-green, blue-green, and blue-violet.
is the surface quality that can be seen and felt.
Textures can be rough or smooth, soft or hard. They can also be real or implied by different uses of media and it is the degree of roughness or smoothness in objects.
These different aspects of textures can create images that don't always feel the way they look; for example, a drawing of a porcupine may look prickly, but if you touch the drawing, the paper is still feels smooth.
is the part of the design that catches the viewer’s attention.
Usually the artist will make one area stand out by contrasting it with
The area could be different in size, color, texture, shape, etc.
is the distribution of the visual weight of objects, colors, texture, and space.
In symmetrical balance, the elements used on one side of the design are
similar to those on the other side.
In asymmetrical balance, the sides are different but still look balanced.
In radial balance, the elements are arranged around a central point and may be similar.
is the feeling of harmony between all parts of the work of art, which creates
a sense of completeness.
is created when one or more elements of design are used repeatedly to
create a feeling of organized movement.
Rhythm creates a mood like music or dancing. To keep rhythm exciting and active, variety is essential.
is the repeating of an object or symbol all over the work of art.
Repetition works with pattern to make the work of art seem active, and the repetition of elements of design creates unity within the work of art.
is the path the viewer’s eye takes through the work of art, often to focal
Such movement can be directed along lines, edges, shape, and color within the
work of art.
is the lightness or darkness of a color; which creates transitions between color(s).
is the arrangement of opposite elements
(light vs. dark colors, rough vs. smooth textures,
large vs. small shapes, etc.)
in a piece to create visual interest, excitement and drama.