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All Skate / VU-CIRTL 2016

Active Learning in the STEM Classroom, presented at the Vanderbilt CIRTL workshops on evidence-based STEM teaching
by

Derek Bruff

on 23 May 2016

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Transcript of All Skate / VU-CIRTL 2016

All Skate
Active Learning in the STEM Classroom
Times for Telling
Schwartz & Bransford (1998)
Formative Assessment
"Macbook X-Ray," Pipeapple, Flickr (CC)
Monica Rankin's Story: http://is.gd/6IEpTa
Drawing + Cell Phones
Derek's Story: http://derekbruff.org/?p=1894
Derek Bruff / Center for Teaching
derekbruff.org /@derekbruff
What are technologies you have used or seen used in the classroom?
My Favorite Educational Technology
"Wheels on Chairs," Derek Bruff, Flickr (CC)
Timelines + Tiki-Toki
"skates," marythom, Flickr (CC)
Your sister calls to say she’s having twins. Which of the following is more likely? (Assume she’s not having identical twins.)

A. Twin boys
B. Twin girls
C. One boy and one girl
D. All are equally likely.
"Prams," Rich Brooks, Flickr (CC)
The Flipped Classroom
"Flexible Space" (flipped), Derek Bruff, Flickr (CC)
First Exposure
Practice & Feedback
Further Exploration
Not a new idea.
A relatively new term.
Lage, M. J., Platt, G. J., & Treglia, M. (2000). Inverting the classroom: A gateway to creating an inclusive learning environment. Journal of Economic Education, 31(1), 30-43.
J. Wesley Baker. "The "Classroom Flip": Using Web Course Management Tools to Become the Guide by the Side" Selected Papers from the 11th International Conference on College Teaching and Learning (2000): 9-17.
How can we make the most of the relatively limited time we have with our students during class?
(Before Class)
(During Class)
(After Class)
"Not Smelling the Roses," Derek Bruff, Flickr (CC-BY-NC)
"The Future of Education," Steve Jurvetson, Flickr (CC)
Sal Khan
Peer Instruction + Clickers
"Colourful army," maistora, Flickr
In your coin flip simulation, which of the following did you get?

A. Twin boys
B. Twin girls
C. One boy and one girl
Twin #1
Twin #2
Boy
Girl
Girl
Girl
Boy
Boy
Twin girls
One of each
One of each
Twin boys
50%
50%
50%
50%
50%
50%
(25%)
(50%)
(25%)
(25%)
(25%)
Agile Teaching
"29 valley," Simon Williams, Flickr (CC)
Debate Maps + Post-Its
Details: http://derekbruff.org/?p=3143
Margaret Rubega's Story: http://is.gd/KbKhFO
Birdwatching + Twitter
See also: http://is.gd/T2kybD
And this: http://is.gd/0s55se
More #birdclass tweets: http://is.gd/2sWdGf
FRQs + Poll Everywhere
Social Bookmarking + Diigo
Derek Bruff, Vanderbilt U.: http://www.cirtl.net/node/7769
How does this sequence of activities foster student learning?

Pair up, discuss this question, then share with the group.
Good Questions, Deep Learning
Leveraging Diversity
What's most challenging about implementing a flipped classroom approach?
Backchannel + Twitter
More ideas: http://is.gd/VhlO1G
Placemark Qs + PollEv
Too Agile For You?
THINK
PAIR
SHARE
Pose a question or assign a task.
Have students spend time working independently.
Have students work together in small groups. Your definition of "small" may vary.
Ask all students (individually or in groups) to share their work the whole class. Technology helps. Aggregation helps.
ANALYZE
Analyze the students' work together, as a class. Let them do as much of the heavy lifting as they can.
Derek's Story: http://is.gd/vBvFHk
Brainstorming + Google Docs
Q&A + Piazza
Some info here: http://is.gd/OfuygN
Short case study here: http://is.gd/ip8D2c
Outside of class, too...
Your Turn!
Pair up and brainstorm two THINK-PAIR-SHARE-ANALYZE activities you might use in your teaching:
one low-tech and one high-tech.
References
Fagen, Crouch, & Mazur. (2002). Peer instruction: results from a range of classrooms.
The Physics Teacher
, 40(4), 206-209.
Smith, Wood, Adams, Wieman, Knight, Gulid, & Su. (2009). Why peer instruction improves student performance on in-class concept questions.
Science
, 323(5910), 122-124.
Bruff. (2009).
Teaching with classroom response systems: Creating active learning environments
. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
See also the CFT's guide to the flipped classroom: http://is.gd/D0x08F
Your Turn!
Pair up and write a multiple-choice question that's likely to generate discussion among students during class.
Classroom technology? That's PowerPoint, right?
(Respond and vote via Poll Everywhere.)
Photos by Kat Keller, Flickr (CC BY)
Details: http://derekbruff.org/?p=3117
Knowledge Organizations
How Learning Works (2010)
Ole Molvig, History, Vanderbilt U.: http://is.gd/2d1dmu
228 studies comparing active learning to traditional lecturing

Failure Rates:
Lecturing: 34%
Active Learning: 22%

Exam Scores:
Active Learning: 6 points higher

“Active learning engages students in the process of learning through activities and/or discussion in class, as opposed to passively listening to an expert. It emphasizes higher-order thinking and often involves group work.”
Full transcript