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Characteristics of the Roman Republic

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on 15 January 2016

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Transcript of Characteristics of the Roman Republic

The Evolution of Roman Politics
Characteristics of the Roman Republic
Republic - a system of government in which representatives are appointed into office
Executive officers
Consuls - administered government, led army into battle
Praetors - in charge of civil law, covered for consuls, acted as judges
Senate (council of elders) - 300 men, life term, advised
Centuriate assembly - passed laws, appointed officials (corrupt)
Council of plebs - protected rights of the poor, eventually passed laws
Collapse of the Republic
Social gap and dissatisfaction led to conflict
Only Patricians had power
Small farmers unable to compete, bought out by wealthy landowners
- estates that used slave labor
Reforms unsuccessful
Redistribution of land
Senators (land being given away) not happy
Reform made armies loyal to generals, not Rome
unbalance of power
Age of Augustus
(31 BCE - 14 CE)
Augustus: first emperor
Attempted to restore Republic 27 BC to appease aristocrats
Knew couldn't be restored fully
New system of territorial organization
Elected legates (deputies) to rule certain provinces
Expanded empire, maintained control and stability
Huge army (150,000+ soldiers)
Praetorian guard (9,000) - to protect the emperor
Pax Romana
(27 BCE - 180 CE)
A time of peace and prosperity in the Roman Empire.
Five good emperors (96 - 180 CE)
Strong and effective leadership
Power from senate to emperor
Infrastructure and public works (roads, aqueducts, etc)
Hadrian's Wall and Pantheon
Booming economy
Trade with India and China, Silk Road
Expansion, unification, and fortification
Integration of different cultures within empire

Image by goodtextures: http://fav.me/d2he3r8
Decline in the 3rd Century
(Western and Eastern)
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After the death of Marcus Aurelius...
Civil war, plague, invasions caused:
Economic instability
Labor shortage
Pillaged farmland
Diocletian and Constantine attempted to restructure
Short term success, still highly unstable
No money - no growing population = no tax increase
Creation of new capital, Constantinople
Caused a rift between east and west
However couldn't prevent divide, after death....
Invasion in the west, no money or manpower
Empire split into Western and Eastern by 395 CE
Eastern Roman Empire lasted 1,000 more years
Western Roman Empire fell soon after....
Eastern and Western Roman Empire
By: Jenna and Anne
The Silk Road
What Caused the Western Roman Empire to fall?
Undermining of Roman values
Lead poisoning
No technological advances due to slavery
Ineffective political system
Invasion and war
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