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Is Hamlet truly mad?

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Martine Hova

on 25 April 2014

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Transcript of Is Hamlet truly mad?

Hamlet assures Gertrude that he is intentionally acting the part of madness in order to attain his object:
"
I essentially am not in madness, But mad in craft.
"
(Act 3, scene 4, v 187-8.)

Modern English:
make you admit that my madness is fake, all calculated.


Analysis: Hamlet

Hamlet does not think about the consequences
behavior is thoughtless and hurried
In the closet scene the ghost is in Hamlet's head
Hamlet murders without an idea of what he is doing (Polonius death)
Summary: Contra
feigned fits of madness
admits that he is only crazy sometimes
"I must be idle" -> Declaration to be "foolish"
Hamlet assures Gertrude that he is acting mad
Was Hamlet insane or just pretending to be insane?
He is sane and becomes insane or rather instable
Hamlet not only offends those he is close to, he directly kills them
he murders without a second thought
Presentation by Martine Hova S2 - Mr. Reichwein
Pro
Scene 3: Pro
Hamlet states as he makes a pass through the tapestry and kills Polonius, "
How now! a rat? Dead for a ducat, dead!
" (Act 3, scene 4,v 25)

Modern English:
What’s this, a rat? I’ll bet a buck he’s a dead rat now.
Scene 1: Contra
Hamlet intimates that " his uncle-father and aunt-mother are deceived" and that he is only "mad north-north-west." ( Act 2, scene 2, v 360)

Modern English:
I’m only crazy sometimes. At other times, I know what’s what.
Scene 2: Contra
When completing with Horatio the arrangements for the play, and just before the entrance of the court party, Hamlet says, "I must be idle." (Act 3, scene 2, v 85)

Modern English:
They’re coming. I can’t talk now. Take your seat.
Contra
SCENE 1: PRO
"Still am I called. Unhand me gentlemen! By heaven I'll make a ghost of him that lets me. I say away!" [Act 1, scene 4, 84-86]

Modern English:
I swear, if anyone holds me back, I’ll make a ghost of him! I say, get away!
Scene 2: Pro
In the closet scene the ghost is only seen by Hamlet and not by Getrude (Act 3, scene 4, 126-140)

1. Guiding question
2. Definition of Madness
3. Cause of Hamlet’s madness
4. Scene 1: Pro
5. Scene 2: Pro
6. Scene 3: Pro
7. Scene 1: Contra
8. Scene 2: Contra
9. Scene 3: Contra
10. Summary: Pro
10.1. Additional arguments
11. Summary: Contra
11.1. Additional arguments
12. Conclusion
13. Sources
Was Hamlet insane or just pretending to be insane?
Definition of Madness
complex to discern -> Hidden in the mind

difficult to prove

difficult to identify whether it is true or not
Sources
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!
Why
would he be insane?

Or
why
would he just pretending to be insane?
Why
would he be insane?

Or
why
would he just be pretending to be insane?
Scene 3: Contra
http://nfs.sparknotes.com/hamlet/page_216.html

http://www.shakespeare-online.com/plays/hamlet/antichamlet.html

http://nzr.mvnu.edu/faculty/trearick/english/rearick/readings/resource/washemad.htm

http://www.essayforum.com/writing-feedback-3/hamlet-essay-madness-antic-disposition-1416/

http://paigetyrrell.hubpages.com/hub/Hamlets-Insanity

http://books.google.de/books?id=9qQc5gJwv4sC&pg=PA44&lpg=PA44&dq=Hamlet+i+must+be+idle&source=bl&ots=s3lTVPCY8I&sig=57yST12V8rvOcdKJyWQ4lpF_0I4&hl=de&sa=X&ei=mkJYU7paiMmyBuGogLAO&ved=0CG0Q6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=Hamlet%20i%20must%20be%20idle&f=false

http://www.studymode.com/essays/Is-Hamlet-Mad-Or-Mad-In-1474503.html
Cause of Hamlet's madness
Hamlet returns to Denmark

Father passed away
Mother has married Claudius

Hamlet talks to the Ghost

learns that father was brutally murdered
swears to take revenge

Laurence Olivier's production 1948
Summary: Pro
In Addition...
Hamlet's weird actions
Hamlet's mood changes abruptly
he fights with Laertes in Ophelia's grave
he has Rosencrantz and Guildenstern killed
he has violent outbursts
he kills Polonius and will not tell anyone where the body is
In addition...
Hamlet acts mad in the presence of certain characters
Hamlet plays
mad
around:
Polonius, Claudius, Gertrude, Ophelia, Rosencrantz & Guildenstern

Hamlet's madness does not reflect Ophelia's true madness
Ophelia's mad scene (Act 4, scene 5)
A corridor in the castle (Act 4,scene 2)
Content:
Full transcript