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Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts Bay, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Virginia, New York, North Carolina, and Rhode Island and Providence Plantations The 13 Colonies The 7 Years War The Stamp Act Ended by the Treaty of Paris in 1763. It forced the French to give up some of its territory in North America and give it to the British. FRANCE This made the natives very upset with the loss of French trade. They also feared for the loss of their culture as the British were taking over.
One chief, Pontiac, from Ontario rallied to unite the Natives against the British. The Ohio Valley The fertile region that everyone wanted to settle in The Royal Proclamation of 1763 brought some peace with the natives. It stopped any of the colonists from settling in the Ohio Valley and gave that land over to the natives. Perfect Farming Conditions Ohio River
1774 kept the conquered territory British
French law for business and personal law matters but English criminal law
Made Quebec larger
Freedom of religious expression but a secret meaning sent to the governor to suppress the Catholic Church
Canadiens loyal to Britain Quebec Act HOWEVER... this was INTOLERABLE
to the Colonists. "NO TAXATION
REPRESENTATION!!!" Imposed upon the American Colonists in 1765. Charged tax on various types of paper products. These were all embossed with a British stamp - hence the name "Stamp Act".
Britain was deep in debt and it was enforced to pay for defending the American colonies, but Colonists were angry because they claimed it was “Taxation without representation” - meaning they had no representative in Parliament to negotiate taxes.
The colonists were so angry that British officers were tarred and feathered. It got so bad that the act was repealed in 1766. A new tax (The Townsend Act) was imposed on tea and other goods, but again… it was abolished except for the tea tax which remained. Americans were forced to billet soldiers. (House and feed them without reimbursement) Again, this made the colonists angry.
On March 5, 1770 a situation escalated and drew a large crowd of civilians and armed soldiers. A nervous soldier fired gun and killed bystanders. Violence followed. Boston Massacre The Tea Act was enforced in May 1773. It allowed tea to be shipped directly to the colonies by the British East India Trading Company (the only company allowed to ship tea to the colonies) with a tax charged on each shipment. In reality it lowered the cost of tea, but it was again a case of "taxation without representation".
Why was tea a big deal? The colonists consumed huge amounts of tea - about 1.2 million pounds (544,311 kilograms) a year.
On December 16, 1773, A well-organized group called the "Sons of Liberty" staged a protest against the Tea Act. They boarded a ship disguised as Mohawks and threw tea the shipment of East India Trading Company Tea into the Boston Harbour. The Boston Tea Party The British Government retaliated by enforcing punitive acts on the colonies.
1. Boston Port Act
In force until the cost of the ruined tea was recovered.
2. Massachusetts Government Act
Reduced the power of Massachusetts' Government
3. Administration of Justice Act
The right of British soldiers to be tried for criminal offenses in another state.
4. Coercive Act
Forced colonists to billet British soldiers The American Revolution Lexington Green, Massachusetts
A British soldier accidentally fired at an unarmed civilian. It became known as the "shot that was heard around the world" Hey! I think this building is famous! George Washington was one of many leaders of the Continental Army.
He tried to take over Quebec but the Canadiens remained loyal to Britain. Declaration of Independence Statement of principles of freedom and democracy. It declared the colonies as independent from the British Empire.
Signed on July 4, 1776 by 56 delegates including:
The British were furious and enlarged their army. Benjamin Franklin was sent to France to convince them to support the Americans. France agreed thinking they could regain some of the control they had lost in North America. In 1783 the war ended. PATRIOTS LOYALISTS COLONISTS
MOHAWKS OPPOSING ARMIES