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ABC Environmental Project
Transcript of ABC Environmental Project
whose extintion was
caused by humans. The Quagga went extinct because
humans overhunted it for meat
and leather. The extinction could
have been prevented by not killing
so many of them at once. Aluminum cans A material that will
not biodegrade. It's expected to take 200-500
years to decompose. (But if it's
recycled, it can be reused within
6 weeks!!) Zucchini A material that
will biodegrade. It's expected to
take 3-4 weeks
to decompose. Livestock Something you would
find at a C.A.F.O. Livestock would be at
a C.A.F.O. because at a
factory farm, billions of
animals are killed for food. Salem Road Farms At Salem Road Farms, you can get veggies, fruits, beef, herbs, and edible flowers as well. This farm is located at
340 S Salem Road, Liberty, IN 47353. Hours::
Saturday Mornings 7:30
until noon at Oxford
Farmers Market Uptown. A source of local food. Hours::
Tuesday/Wednesday -- 10 am until 6 pm
Thursday/Friday 10 am until 7 pm
Saturday 10 am until 6 pm
Closed Sunday and Monday Vegetables Resources used::
Fossil fuels are used for use in transportation and fueling machinery. But the biggest chunk of fossil fuel usage in industrial farming actually comes from chemicals. As much as 40% of energy consumed in the food system can be traced back to artificial fertilizers, insecticides and pesticides. Uv Rays A method of
water purification. Ultraviolet water purification lamps work by producing UV-C or "germicidal UV," radiation of much greater power than sunlight. Almost all of a UV lamp's output is concentrated in the 254 nanometers (nm) region in order to take full advantage of the germicidal properties of this wavelength. Advantages::
most efficient technology available to homeowners.
it does not introduce any chemicals to the water.
it produces no bi-products.
it does not alter the taste, pH, or other properties of the water.
it is not harmful to your plumbing and septic system.
it is easy and cost-effective to install and maintain without any special training. Disadvantages::
requires electrical connection (usually a standard plug-in).
requires pre-filtration to maintain effectiveness. Ultraviolet purification uses a UV light source (lamp) which is enclosed in a protective transparent sleeve (usually quartz). The lamp is mounted such that water passing through a flow chamber is exposed to the UV-C light rays. When harmful microbes are exposed to the UV rays, their nucleic acid absorbs the UV energy, which then scrambles the DNA structure of the organism. The cell is rendered sterile and can no longer reproduce. The cell is now considered dead and is no longer a threat. One More Dead Fish A movie about an
environmental topic. One More Dead Fish is a documentary that tells the story of a small fishing town in Nova Scotia. Local hand-line fishers, facing new federal rules that will phase them out in favor of industrial fishing fleets, barricade themselves inside a Federal building in protest. The film explores the general crisis in the global fishing industry but is at its best when it shows the personal and environmental impact of bad policies enacted by government officials beholden to industry. Renewable Energy Jobs A career that involves
Environmental Science. As a Coastal Climate & Energy Coordinator, you'd
assist with regional offshore and coastal wind energy,
climate change impact issues, and offshore oil drilling
activities as well. An energy-efficient food. It takes so little
energy to produce
veggies because it doesn't
take as much as meat
does to produce. Borneo A place cats were
parachuted into to solve an environmental problem. Over 14,000 cats were parachuted in the early 1950s into Borneo because there was an outbreak of malaria, spread by mosquitoes, so the World Health Organization or W.H.O. sprayed DDT everywhere. That killed the mosquitoes, but soon.. Roofs started collapsing. (Caterpillars were eating at it.) Poisonous insects were eaten by geckoes, which were eaten by cats, so many of the Borneo resident's cats died. The W.H.O. figured they'd send thousands of cats to make the people of Borneo happy. They also figured it'd help with the massive outbreak of rats. Commensalism Commensialism is a symbiotic
relationship between two species
in which one species benefits and
the other neither benefits or harms.
Often, the host species provides a
home and/or transpotation for the
other species. A type of symbiosis. One example of commensalism::
Clownfish living within the waving bunch of tentacles of sea anemones. Because most fish avoid the poisonous tentacles, the clownfish are protected from predators. Dolphins An overharvested species Two of the dolphin species in danger of being overharvested are:: The Indus river dolphin (A small, blind dolphin which live in the main river of Pakistan. There are less than 600 left.) & The Chilean dolphin (lives off the coast of Chile in the Pacific ocean). Dolphins get caught in nets while trying to get fish to eat and, at least in the case of Tuna, are sometimes packaged as that kind of fish too. Buy dolphin-safe tuna!! Japan also eats dolphin meat, not that half of them know it. (As said by The Cove) Dolphins are also captured to be used as entertainment. (Just look in aquariums.) Elephant (African) A keystone species The African elephant is a keystone species because it helps to keep the savannah as an open grassland. If these elephants were to suddenly disappear, the savannah would suddenly grow from grassland to woodland. That would happen because the elephants clear the trees by feeding on them, breaking them up, and often by pulling them up by the roots and crushing them. Kenya A place on the planet where clean water is scarce. Water is scare in Kenya because only a small percentage of the land is good for farming, and the year-round climate is arid. Water An environmental
commons Water is a commons
because it's basically
free and doesn't
belong to anyone
(Yet, at least.) Fish A tragedy of the commons Fish are a commons because
for the moment, they belong
to no one in particular, you can
go out and catch all the fish you want. But the tragedy is that people over fish way too much, which makes the fish population go down. Poor fishies. So funny. Hydro Power A renewable resource Hydro Power is used for making electricity through running water. It's considered renewable because water is renewable. Afterall, the water we're drinking now, was once Dinosaur pee. Nigeria A place on the planet that is overpopulated Nigeria is the most populous
country in Africa. In 2006, it was
said to have about 140 million people, but
by 2050, it's said that it will have roughly 293
million. As their population grows, so does their livestock.
The people of Nigeria are being squeezed into a smaller space
each year. Their age expectancy is only 47 years and only half have
access to potable water and sanitation. They're slowly losing their forests
as well. A way to fix the population problem would be:: Knowledge and ability to get birth control. Grass A primary producer Grass is a primary producer
because it's one of the very
matters of life. If it were to
disappear, we'd all die. We eat
the meat, that eats something,
and so on and so on, almost always
ending in grass. "All flesh is grass."
-Isaiah Parasitism A biotic factor in an ecosystem Parasitism is a biotic factor because
it influences the manifestation of the
genetic factor on plant growth and
developement. (In a bad way.) Parasitism is a
relationship between two organisms where
one organism,called a parasite, is benefited
but causes harm to the other, the host.
The parasite steals its food from the host.
Parasites such as fungi, bacteria, and virus
injure crops by causing diseases. They're called
pathogens. Some examples of parasitic plants::
mistletoe, dodder, Rafflesia, and also some
orchids. A tick Topography Topography is an abiotic factor because
its a nonliving factor that effects plant growth and developement. It effects the ecosystem because its "the lay of the land."
It includes the physical features of the earth including:: the land elevation, slope, terrain, bodies of water, and mountain ranges. An abiotic factor in an ecosystem (e)Xxon Valdez An example of man-made
ecological disaster On March 24, 1989, the tanker eXxon Valdez, going
from Valdez, Alaska to Los Angeles, California, ran
aground on Bligh Reef. The vessel wasn't traveling in
normal shipping lanes because of its attempt to avoid
ice. Within only 6 hours of the grounding, the vessel
had spilled about 10.9 million gallons of its 53 million
gallon cargo of oil. 8 of the 11 tanks were damaged.
The oil would eventually impact over 1,100 miles of
coastline in Alaska, making this the largest oil spill (to
date) in U.S. waters. They could have prevented this
by going when there wasn't ice, breaking the ice first,
or coming up with a better way to move oil from
place to place. Environmental Project Yellow-eared parrot An endangered species The yellow-eared parrot
is endangered because there
are fewer than 75 left. Its
habitat is being cut down. This
parrot only nests in wax palms,
and eats the tree's thumb-sized
fruit. But this palm tree,
Colombia's national tree, is in
danger of extinction too. There's
only a few thousand acres remaining.
They are also sometimes hunted. To
help protect them, the ornithologists
are raising money to buy their habitat.
(Where that is, is a secret.) John James Audubon An important environmentalist John painted the Birds of
America in about 20 years
time. It matters because he
helped us to learn more
about the bird species. A biome Marine The marine biome covers about 3/4ths of the Earth's
surface and includes:: Oceans, coral reefs, and also
estuaries. Marine algae supply a lot of the planet's
oxygen. It also takes in a huge amount of carbon
dioxide. The evaporation of the seawater also
helps to provide us with rainwater. Some
of the risks to this biome are:: the huge
oil spills and garbage we put into it, and
also all of the excrement and chemicals
as well. Our poor ocean and all of
its wonderous creatures! Insectivorous Birds A tertiary consumer Insectivorous birds are
because they eat bugs,
that eat other bugs,
that eat plantlife. If
they were to disappear,
we'd have a lot more
gross bugs. The end. By:: Jordan Coleman