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Mount Kilimanjaro

Geology Project on Mt. Kilimanjaro
by

Isabelle Rhee

on 28 November 2013

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Transcript of Mount Kilimanjaro

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli Geosphere Project
Science 7 Mount Kilimanjaro Location of Mt. Kilimanjaro Q: Where in the world is the structure located?

lies on the border of Tanzania and Kenya (East Africa)

officially located in Kilimanjaro National Park, Tanzania

lies in the southern part of the Great African Rift Valley

coordinates of Mt. Kilimanjaro: 3 degrees south, 37 degrees east General Structure of Mt. Kilimanjaro Q: What is the general shape of the Earth structure and surrounding land?
-tallest free-standing mountain in the world
-consists of three volcanic cones:
Kibo, Mawenzi, & Shira
-Mt. Kilimanjaro has gradual slopes that are easy to climb
- is 19,336 ft. tall
-Uhuru Peak: the highest point on Kibo's crater rim
- rises from the surrounding grasslands of the southern Rift Valley---Snow/arctic climate on the mountain summits
approx. 49 miles long and 24 miles wide Geological Activity Plate Boundary Mt. Kilimanjaro is Near Q: Near what plate boundary is the structure near?
Mt. Kilimanjaro sits on a divergent plate boundary.
Mt. Kilimanjaro is near the African plate boundary, the Arabian plate boundary and the Indian plate boundary.

within the African plate, the Earth's crust was ruptured and was pulled apart. That was caused by convection in the mantle, and created a divergent boundary.

The Great Rift Valley was caused by two ruptures. The land between the two fractures sunk in, creating the valley. Comparisons to Where we Live Q: How does this region compare to where you live? Bibliography http://nature.new7wonders.com/archives/wonder/kilimanjaro
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/activityandadventure/7050801/Mount-Kilimanjaro-Climb-and-punishment.html
http://www.destinationkili.com/mount_kilimanjaro_location.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Kilimanjaro
http://www.sciencedaily.com/articles/m/mount_kilimanjaro.htm

http://www.eightup.co.uk/eight-climbs/mount-kilimanjaro/

http://www.east-africa-safari.com/blog/wp-content/themes/twittplus/scripts/timthumb.php?w=320&h=246&src=http://www.east-africa-safari.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/6_big1-300x200.jpg

http://i.telegraph.co.uk/multimedia/archive/01563/kili-corbis_1563951c.jpg

http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/Imgs/Jpg/Photoglossary/shieldvolcano1_large.jpg

http://mountainsafaris.tripod.com/kili.htm • Both Hawaii and Tanzania have volcanic structures

• Our volcanoes are active but are shield volcanoes where as Kilimanjaro isn't active and is a cone volcano

• The landscape stays consistent from the bottom of our volcano to the top but Kilimanjaro changes drastically Structure's Development Q: What kind of additional information do you need to explain how your Earth structure developed? How do you think a scientist would learn more about it? • was formed 3 million years ago during the formation of the Rift Valley
Mount Kilimanjaro was formed when the African plate and the Indian plate diverged from each other
The divergence caused the crust to fracture, which allowed magma to reach the surface, creating a volcanic structure
many volcanoes formed, but the volcanic activity centered on the Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira

Scientists could learn more about this by studying the divergent boundaries by Mount Kilimanjaro to figure out how it was created. Q: What geological activity has occurred in the past or is occurring right now in the region? What facts describe volcanic activity in the region? Mt. Kilimanjaro has three major volcanic cones: Kibo, Mawenzi, & Shira
highest and youngest volcanic cone is named "Kibo"
Kibo is the most well-known and photographed volcanic cone
Kibo - dormant, but produces steam and sulfur emissions.
sinking floor of the volcano causes craters to form.
frequent geological activity underground, causes smells of sulfur from craters.
Mawenzi & Shira - extinct volcanoes
other volcanoes in the Rift Valley erupted recently (1996)
shifting of volcanic floor and techtonic plates causes many earthquakes near the Rift Valley Mount Kilimanjaro From the tropics to the arctic... "Mountain of Light" Here is some information on the location, formation, and geological activity of Mount Kilimanjaro. The Kilimanjaro summit
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