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citing sources in text

how to cite stuff in text plus a bit about how to cite images
by

donna saxby

on 2 March 2012

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Transcript of citing sources in text

citing sources in text
why?
it shows where you got the information (whether it is an opinion or a statistic)

it strengthens any point you are making by adding a voice of Authority
what do you need?
author's name
page number (if a book or magazine)
for example, here's a quote from page 6 of my favourite book,
"they rolled their terrible eyes" (Sendak 6).

and in my works cited list I would have
Sendak, Maurice. Where the Wild Things Are. New York: Harper Collins, 1963. Print.
Use the same citation format at the end of the sentence
for example, the monsters’ horrible eyes rolled (Sendak 6).
paraphrased
the authors name is already mentioned
Just add the page number at the end.
for example, Sendak described how the monsters “rolled their terrible eyes” (6).
Use the title of the book/website instead.

This is not unusual for websites – reflect on whether the source is reliable before using it!

WHY did they write it, but not put their name on?
...you don't know the author?
(or organisation)
if the quote was from a website with no author name, my text would look like this

"they rolled their terrible eyes" (Where the Wild Things Are).

and in my works cited list I would have:

Where the Wild Things Are. Harper Collins, 1963. Web. 18 Nov. 2008. <http://www.wherethewildthingsare.com>.
two authors
Use both authors last names, for example (Sendak and Seuss 6).
two authors with same last name
Use their initial(s) for example (M.Sendak 6).
more than one source by the same author
Include the title, for example (Sendak, Where 6).
a quote not in its original source
This is also known as an ‘indirect source’. Use the phrase “qtd. in” (meaning 'quoted in').
So if Sendak was in fact reporting what Max had said to a newspaper reporter about his encounter with the monsters, I would write this:
Max said that the monsters had “rolled their terrible eyes” (qtd. in Sendak 6).
yeah but it's...
BUT...
citing images
Images should be used to explain or emphasize what you are talking about in your text,
and not merely to make things ‘look pretty’.

Adding the bibliographic details (who made the image, when and its title) shows deeper thought.

Unless the image is free from copyright (public domain) you need to have the owner’s permission to use it.

Consider making your own artwork or taking a photograph yourself.
Clipart does not have to be cited.

Here are two ways of dealing with images in your work – be consistent and use only one.
These examples use a photograph that Nathalie took and gave me permission to reproduce.
The first is the simplest,
just put the full bibliographic detail under the image.
You do not need to put the details into your works cited/bibliography.
For example:













Morrissey, Nathalie. Mystery Reader Behind Their Favourite Book. Photograph. 2008.
Give the image a number (starting with Figure 1) followed by a brief explanation.
Then have a separate ‘List of Illustrations’ after your bibliography.
For example:













Figure 1. The monsters in Where the Wild Things Are were really scary.

Followed by the bibliographic entry in a ‘List of Illustrations’.
Figure 1. Morrissey, Nathalie. Mystery Reader Behind Her Favourite Book. Photograph. 2008.
However if you have a large number of images,
a neater way is as follows.
If the title is long, you can shorten it to the first few words - make sure the reader can easily see which source you are refering to.


Whatever is in the brackets should match the first word(s) in your alphabetical works cited list (including formating)
http://library.acadiau.ca/tutorials/plagiarism/
how Noodlebib helps...
from your own list
noodlebib shows you how to reference
in text for each source you've used
the notecards tool helps you collect your information together, with boxes for quotations, paraphrasing and your own thoughts
still stuck? ask your librarian library@isa.nl
(...MLA style)
btw...
bibliography

works cited

works consulted
- list of books
- list of resources you've refered to in your text
- list of resources you read but didn't refer to
serious bit...
Plagiarism
Intellectual Property
"The rights or entitlements that are attached to products of the intellect (as opposed to physical property) which include forms of artistic expression such as songs, books, films, and images, as well as technological inventions such as hardware and software."
"Intellectual property" A Dictionary of Media and Communication. First Edition by Daniel Chandler and Rod Munday. Oxford University Press Inc. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. International School of Amsterdam. 1 March 2012 <http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t326.e1369>
"the practice of taking someone else's work or ideas and passing them off as one's own."
"Plagiarism" Oxford Dictionary of English. Edited by Angus Stevenson. Oxford University Press, 2010. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. International School of Amsterdam. 1 March 2012 <http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t140.e0637200>
the not so serious bit...
watch youtu.be/Mwbw9KF-ACY?t=29s
(Chenault 99)


(Cornelius)


(Herbert 25)


(International School of Amsterdam 35)


(Norcott)


(What really happens)


(York)
if the reader sees these brackets
at the end of a sentence they know
exactly which source I used
Full transcript