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Transcript of Greek Empire
Josiah Fidecaro, Mckayla Medley,
& Daniel O'Neil
Greek Empire: The
Size & Population
literature & theatre
- Area: 50942 square miles
- Coastline: 8498 miles
- 2000+ Islands
- "Land of Mountains and Sea"
- Around 10 million - 13.8 million
- Ancient Greece had a larger population than modern day Greece
Music & dance
Art & Architecture
Religion & Mythology
science & technology
Devoted their lives to training
Born war machines
Trained all thier lives to become warriors
Women who gave birth to warriors were highly respected
Encouraged athletic completion
Schools emphasized physical, mental, and spiritual toughness
Warriors were in duty for 40+ years!
type info here...
Perfected heavy infantry tactics
Defeated Persian invasion
Well armed and amoured
Premier warrrior of their day
Fought for personal glory
Casualties usually melee
Primarily armed with spears or short swords
Shields and amour
Avoided bows and arrows because it was considered cowardly
Music and Dance was universal in
Greek society from:
the reciting poetry
Soon philosophy entered literature in dialogues of philosophers like Plato and Aristole.
Soon plays were being written, a man named Aeschylus changed literature
he introduced dialogue, using characters.
In doing this he created
Famous playwrights and poets wrote works that are still performed in theatres today.
Ancient Greek religion promoted art, philosophy, education, and the influence of women.
Women had an important influence because many of the important Greek gods were women.
The Greek society benefited economically from the trade in art
It was believed that all people should be treated equally as long as they followed the Greek laws
Art of ancient Greece has influenced on the culture of many countries from ancient until present!
Mostly in sculpture and Architecture
Greek art inspired generations of European artisits!
Alot of architecture was in the Greek temples
Thought the Spainish were 'gods'
Nobles were well educated
No reason to believe that Cortes & his men wouldnt have been welcomed
Modern Scholars questioned whether their religion was real
Didn't completely destroy Spanish for more sacrifices
Their religon consisted of nobles choosing sacrifices from their people for their gods
Were inadequate because...
In 608 BC,
a man named Clesthenes
introduced a democracy to Athens.
This was the very first democracy of all time.
Gifts from Greece
Trial by jury
Fables & Legends
Pizza (Greeks in Italy)
Killed thousands of people
Caused hatred in the empire and in surrounding nations
Caused Aztec culture to be an evil culture
Tlaxcala, allied with the spanish because of so many sacrificed people
Asking for war from neighboring empires
Sacrificed as little as 30 people per day
Small Pox overwhelmed the Aztecs
Everyone in a house died
Houses were demolished over top the dead bodies, because there were not enough burial grounds
25% of the Empire died of Small Pox
Emporer and many leaders of the army died of small pox
Copied European Warfare tactics
They could have conquered the Spanish if they used better tactics
Rome was too large to be governed effectively
Corruption in the military
Civil Wars within the empire because of political parties
Emporers often selected by birth, or violence.
Increased amount of slaves put many Romans out of work
Rich were lazy and showed little interest in saving Rome
Poor were over taxed and over worked, leaving them unhappy
Prices increased, while trading decreased
Population decreased by starvation and disease
Barbarian tribes overran the empire
Rome was split in two, and that caused Rome to
Romans abused,over used, and over worked slaves
Slaves were striped naked, and auctioned off for the highest bidder.
The Roman Empire fell because...
Persia failed because...
Rome was also corrupeted by...
The Ottoman Empire was doomed to fail because...
Diversionaty assaults around the Ottoman frontiers
Made slaves of Bulgars (Landlords) and Serbs (Laborer for Landlords)
"Wild beasts", "Inhuman Barbarians"
Savage tales of atrocities of men, women, and children
Ottoman Turks fought Christian, Catholics, an Orthodox religions for no reason
Incompetent Sultans didn't recieve proper training and drank wine on their spare time
Corrupt executive officers
Corruption and weakness in the military
They didnt have a strong ruler
Weak rulers led to numerous provincial revolts
Provincial satraps also became more independent
War raged inside of Persia, only adding to its problems
Serious economic problems
Taxes were heavy, and oppresive, which led to revolts
Revolts led to heavier taxes
Persian Kings hoarded gold and silver during the deppresion
Persian prince, Cyrus the Younger, called upon Greeks to defeat his brother, King Atraxerxes.
When the Prince died, the 10,000 Greeks marched their way from the heart of Persia, and fought their way through back to Greece successfully
Persia was conquered by Alexander the Great, with a remarkably small army, in a small amount of time.
They reastablished many times, but were conquored multiple times after.
THE MING DYNASTY COLLAPSED BECAUSE...
The Mongol Empire fell because...
The Russian Empire failed because...
People built temples for their gods.
Had festivals to celebrate the gods.
They built churches because of it so they could go please their gods.
People believed that mythology would help them gain riches in the modern and after life.
They based their whole belief system on it.
Economic policies were disastrous and that caused Russia to economically lagging behind.
Soon every SSR outside of Russia declared independence.
They didn’t have enough money to pay the troops and they had no respect t or order.
Tsar was fighting a losing war with the Japanese and that force ended Tsarist Russia
Soon everyone declared independence and that’s when the Russian empire fell.
They were invaded and taken over by the Mongols
The death of Kublai Khan
Number of poor rulers who spent money unwisely making them raise taxes and caused riots all throughout the Mongol Empire.
Raising of taxes caused the empire to get smaller and smaller .
The empire had tons of debt
Everyone was rioting, and the empire began to fade away, which lead to the colapse of the empire
people were over taxed
The empire was so much in debt
everyone was rioting the empire
Very intellegent warriors
Used their intellegence to invent more advanced artillery
Served 2 year terms
In their first year, they were given swords, and shield with the Athen symbol on it
Second year, they were given swords, shields, and extremly long lances
Army consisted of horsemen and hoplites, footsoldiers
Internal power struggles
Groups formed among the eunuchs and the nobility that worked to gain sole power
Weak leaders were overthrown, and children were placed in leadership
Manchu were beginning to attack Chinese cities
The Ming Dynasty's economy was always in disarray because of the lack of knowledge on how to run an effective treasury
Lack of paper money
Coins lost most of its value, because of counterfiet
Provinces were required to mint their own coins
Some provinces added lead to thier coins, which depleted their value even more
The coin problem caused a failure in trade within the Dynasty, and military campains to fail.
The rapid downfall of the Ming Dynasty, encouraged the Manchus to invade China, and the Ming Dynasty's Imperial Guard
Persians might say that theywere good people, but do good deeds make an empire ultimate?
Sparta always had two kings at once,usually brothers or cousins. This was importiant because it kept the government stable; whenever Sparta was at war, there was always a king on the battleground and a king to mantain order in Sparta.
Ancient Greece became famous for its great thinkers and philosophers. Socrates, Plato and Aristotle were great thinkers who looked for logical explanations of everyday things.
Scientists explored medicine, physics , biology and mathematics. They observed nature and also carried out experiments. Many scientists also practiced astronomy.
Empire became to large and borders were to long to defend
Ancient Greek civilization has been immensely influential on the language, politics, educational systems, philosophy, art and architecture of the modern world
Greek culture was a powerful influence in the Roman Empire by That the Greeks provided:
systems of government
King of Macedonia, a state in Nothern Ancient Greece
Born in Pella in 356 BC
By age 30, he had created one the the most ultimate empires ever!
Awarded the generalship of Greece after his father was assassinated
Invaded and defeated Persia
AMAZING military leader
Alexander the Great
His Military Victories
Battle of the Granicus
Siege of Halicarnassus
Siege of Miletus
Battle of Issus
Siege of Tyre
Siege of Gaza
Battle of Gaugamela
Levent & Syria
Assyria & Babylon