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Anna Caroline Maxwell
Transcript of Anna Caroline Maxwell
An Image of a Nurse
• Individual values we share with Anna Maxwell is a strong support for the military and without nurse’s care, they wouldn’t be able to recover and get well again
• As nurses-in-the-making, we share the values of Anna Maxwell that we not only have to collaborate with our patients, but we need to collaborate with our co-workers. We should teach other nurses our skills in order for more nurses to provide adequate care. We also need to educate our patients on how to take care of themselves and find the best care plan to fit them.
• Due to Maxwell’s implementation of nurse training programs, other nursing schools have developed and allow more individuals to come professional nurses.
Maxwell, A.C. (1918) What Presybeterian Hospital (New York) Nurses Are Doing
Retrieved September 25, 2013 from
Maxwell, A.C. (1929) Anna Caroline Maxwell, R.N., M.A.: 1851-1929
Retrieved September 25, 2013
Downer, J.L.B (1988). Anna Caroline Maxwell. In: American nursing: A biographical dictionary. V.L. Bullough, O.M., Church, & A.P. Stein, (Eds.). New York: Garland.
Retrived September 26, 2013 from
Higgins, L.P. (1988). Anna C. Maxwell. In M. Kaufman, M. (Ed).
Retrived September 26, 2013 from
Dictionary of American Nursing Biography. Westport, CT: Greenwood.
Maxwell's Early Life
Born March 14th, 1851 in Bristol, New York
Eldest daughter of John Eglinton Maxwell & Diantha Caroline Brown
She began her nursing career at New England Hospital in 1874 where she worked as a matron
After moving to England in 1976, Maxwell returned to the US and enrolled in Boston City Hospital for Training School for Nurses
In 1880, she graduated and was hired by Montreal General Hospital to implement a nurse training program
1890- She became the superintendent of Nursing at the Presbyterian Hospital of New York (later became the Columbia School of Nursing in 1921)
While working as a superintendent, she trained and organized 160 nurses during the Spanish-American War
The nurses cared for 1,000 soldiers at Fort Thomas in Chickamauga, Georgia
Many of these soldiers were suffering from Malaria, Typhoid fever, and measles
In addition to training the Nurses, she worked to improve the overall care, sanitation and environment at the field hospital
Maxwell's Significant Contributions
An Inspirtational Nurse
She was one of the first advocates for nurses to be awarded with military rank
The Army Nurse Corps was established with her persistence and care to this matter in 1901
1920- Nurses were finally awarded with military rank
Maxwell helped design the US Army Nurses uniform that are still used today
She trained nurses to serve in the military during World War I
As a result of her dedication to the military, she was honored with the Medal of Honor for Public Health by the French government
She was dedicated to her patients not only in the hospital setting, but on the front lines during war
Maxwell expanded the responsibilities, roles, and abilities of a nurse
She believed in nurses putting themselves outside their usual environment of the hospital to ensure soldier's health
Her gratitude and support to soldier's fighting for our country is exemplified through her courageous actions and makes her unique
Her role was to begin the career and image of an army nurse
Maxwell is referred to as "The American Florence Nightingale" due to her contributions to the nursing profession in the US